Special Collections


Common Trees of the North Carolina Piedmont

These web pages provide resources for identifying and developing botanical knowledge of tree species of the North Carolina Piedmont. The overall aim is to make tree identification more accessible and reliable than is often the case for non-professional botanists using traditional keys - http://www.ibiblio.org/openkey/index.html. Citation: Stephen M. Seiberling, Alan S. Weakley, and Peter S. White (2005 onwards). Common Trees of the North Carolina Piedmont: Identification, Descriptions, Illustrations, and Glossary. Version: March 7, 2006.

Last Update: 2019-11-29

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
Acer floridanum Southern Sugar Maple 50–80 ft. detail
Acer negundo Eastern Boxelder Perennial Tree (5–)15–20(–30) m tall. detail
Acer rubrum Red Maple Perennial Tree 50–115 ft. detail
Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
Albizia julibrissin Mimosa Perennial Tree, Shrub 33–50 ft. detail
Betula nigra River Birch Perennial Tree 50-80 ft detail
Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
Carya carolinae-septentrionalis Carolina Hickory Perennial Tree 65–100 ft. detail
Carya cordiformis Bitternut Hickory Perennial Tree 50–115 ft. detail
Carya glabra Pignut Hickory Perennial Tree 50–100 ft. detail
Carya tomentosa Mockernut Hickory Perennial Tree 65–115 ft. detail
Celtis laevigata Southern Hackberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 65–100 ft. detail
Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud Perennial Tree, Shrub 16–33 ft. detail
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
Fagus grandifolia American Beech Perennial Tree 50-80 feet detail
Fraxinus americana White Ash Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–50) m tall. detail
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash Perennial Tree (10–)15–25(–45) m tall. detail
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Redcedar Perennial Tree (2–)10–20(–37) m tall. detail
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Perennial Tree (10–)15–35(–45) m tall. detail
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree Perennial Tree detail
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia Perennial Tree 30-40 ft. detail
Morus rubra Red Mulberry Perennial Tree 5–20(–25) m tall. detail
Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
Paulownia tomentosa Empress Tree Perennial Tree (5–)10–15(–30) m tall. detail
Pinus echinata Rosemary Pine Perennial Tree (15–)20–35(–45) m tall. detail
Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine Perennial Tree (20–)25–40(–55) m tall. detail
Pinus virginiana Jersey Pine Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–30) m tall. detail
Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore Perennial Tree 75-100 feet detail
Prunus serotina Black Cherry Perennial Tree, Shrub to 50 ft. detail
Quercus alba White Oak Perennial Tree to 100 feet detail
Quercus falcata Southern Red Oak Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–40) m tall. detail
Quercus marilandica Blackjack Oak Perennial Tree, Shrub to 50 ft. or more detail
Quercus montana Chestnut Oak Perennial Tree (5–)15–30(–45) m tall. detail
Quercus phellos Willow Oak Perennial Tree detail
Quercus rubra Northern Red Oak Perennial Tree to 75 ft. or more detail
Quercus stellata Post Oak Perennial Tree to 85 feet detail
Quercus velutina Black Oak Perennial Tree to 80 feet x 40 feet detail
Salix nigra Black Willow Perennial Tree to 60 ft detail
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
Ulmus alata Winged Elm Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–35) m tall detail
Ulmus americana American Elm Perennial Tree (10–)20–35(–50) m tall detail
Ulmus rubra Red Elm Perennial Tree (10–)15–25(–40) m tall detail