Special Collections


NCBG - Penny's Bend

Penny's Bend Nature Preserve is an 84-acre site surrounded on three sides by the Eno River in eastern Durham County, North Carolina. The Preserve has the distinction of being U.S Army Corps of Engineers property that is sub-leased by the State of North Carolina Division of Water Resources and managed by the North Carolina Botanical Garden through the Botanical Garden Foundation, Inc.

Last Update: 2020-01-01

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scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
Acalypha gracilens Shortstalk Copperleaf Annual Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. detail
Acalypha rhomboidea Three-seeded Mercury Annual Forb/herb 6–24 in. detail
Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow Perennial Forb/herb detail
Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
Agalinis setacea Threadleaf False Foxglove Annual Forb/herb 6-27 in. detail
Agastache nepetoides Yellow Giant Hyssop Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Agrimonia parviflora Harvestlice Perennial Forb/herb 2 1/2-6 ft. detail
Agrimonia pubescens Downy Agrimony Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Agrostis perennans Autumn Bentgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Ailanthus altissima Copal Tree Perennial Tree detail
Allium vineale Onion-grass Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Alnus serrulata Tag Alder Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet detail
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Annual Ragweed Annual Forb/herb 1-6 ft. detail
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-25 ft. detail
Andropogon ternarius Split-beard Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 1.5-4 ft. detail
Anthemis cotula Dog-fennel Annual Forb/herb 12-20 in. detail
Apocynum cannabinum Hemp Dogbane Perennial Forb/herb 1-4.5 ft. detail
Arabis canadensis Canada Rockcress Biennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Arisaema dracontium Green Dragon Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Arnoglossum atriplicifolium Pale Indian-plantain Perennial Forb/herb 3-8 ft. detail
Arthraxon hispidus Basket Grass Annual Graminoid detail
Asarum canadense Wild Ginger Perennial Forb/herb 2–8 in. detail
Asclepias amplexicaulis Clasping Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Asclepias viridiflora Green Comet Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. detail
Asplenium platyneuron Ebony Spleenwort Perennial Forb/herb 1 ft. detail
Aureolaria virginica Downy Oak-leech Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Baccharis halimifolia Eastern Baccharis Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Baptisia australis var. minor Blue Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb detail
Barbarea vulgaris Common Winter-cress Biennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
Bidens aristosa Ditch-daisy Annual, Biennial Forb/herb to 6 ft. detail
Bidens bipinnata Spanish Needles Annual Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Bidens frondosa Devil’s Beggar-ticks Annual Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Bignonia capreolata Cross-vine Perennial Vine to 30 feet or more detail
Blephilia ciliata Downy Woodmint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.) detail
Boehmeria cylindrica False-nettle Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Bromus commutatus Hairy Chess detail
Bromus japonicus Japanese Brome detail
Bromus pubescens Common Eastern Brome Perennial Graminoid detail
Buglossoides arvensis Corn Gromwell Annual Forb/herb 6-20 in. detail
Campsis radicans Trumpet Creeper Perennial Vine up to 40 ft detail
Cardamine concatenata Cutleaf Toothwort Perennial Forb/herb 8-12 in. detail
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress Annual Forb/herb 3-15 in. detail
Carex annectens Yellow-fruited Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex caroliniana Carolina Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex cephalophora Oval-leaved Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex festucacea Fescue Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex flaccosperma Thinfruit Sedge Perennial Graminoid 8-12 in. detail
Carex gracilescens Slender Loose-flowered Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex laxiflora Broad Loose-flowered Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex leavenworthii Leavenworth’s Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex lurida Sallow Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex normalis Greater Straw Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex oxylepis Sharp-scaled Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex radiata Eastern Star Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex vulpinoidea Fox Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
Carya aquatica Water Hickory Perennial Tree detail
Carya ovata Common Shagbark Hickory Perennial Tree detail
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
Celtis laevigata Southern Hackberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 65–100 ft. detail
Celtis tenuifolia Dwarf Hackberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-36 ft. detail
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Perennial Tree, Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
Cerastium glomeratum Sticky Chickweed Annual Forb/herb 2-18 in. detail
Chaerophyllum procumbens var. procumbens Common Spreading Chervil Annual Forb/herb 6-18 in. detail
Chamaecrista nictitans Sensitive Partridge Pea Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Chasmanthium latifolium River Oats Perennial Graminoid 2-4 ft. detail
Chimaphila maculata Spotted Wintergreen Perennial Subshrub 4-8 in. detail
Chionanthus virginicus Fringe-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
Cichorium intybus Blue-sailors Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Cicuta maculata Spotted Water Hemlock Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 ft. detail
Cinna arundinacea Common Woodreed Perennial Graminoid detail
Cirsium altissimum Tall Thistle Biennial Forb/herb detail
Cirsium repandum Sandhill Thistle Perennial Forb/herb to 2 ft. detail
Cirsium vulgare Bull Thistle Biennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Clematis ochroleuca Curlyheads Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3 ft. detail
Clematis viorna Northern Leatherflower Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
Clitoria mariana Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to nearly 2 ft. long detail
Commelina communis Asiatic Dayflower Annual Forb/herb 12-32 in. detail
Commelina diffusa Creeping Dayflower Annual, Perennial Forb/herb detail
Commelina virginica Virginia Dayflower Perennial Forb/herb 8-34 in. detail
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
Corydalis flavula Short-spurred Corydalis Annual Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Crataegus flava Yellowleaf Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Crataegus macrosperma Eastern Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis Doveweed Annual Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Cryptotaenia canadensis Canadian Honewort Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Cunila origanoides American-dittany Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-16 in. detail
Cyperus croceus Baldwin’s Flatsedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Cyperus echinatus Globe Flatsedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Cyperus erythrorhizos Redrooted Flatsedge Annual, Perennial Graminoid detail
Cyperus lancastriensis Many-flowered Flatsedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Cyperus pseudovegetus Green Flatsedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Cyperus strigosus False Nutsedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Dactylis glomerata Cock’s-foot Perennial Graminoid detail
Danthonia spicata Moonshine Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Daucus carota Queen Anne’s-lace Biennial Forb/herb 1-6 ft. detail
Deparia acrostichoides Silvery Spleenwort Perennial Forb/herb detail
Desmodium canescens Hoary Tick-trefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Desmodium ciliare Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Desmodium nudiflorum Naked Tick-trefoil Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. and to 3 ft. (flowering stem) detail
Desmodium perplexum Perplexed Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb detail
Desmodium viridiflorum Velvetleaf Ticktrefoil Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman’s Breeches Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum Slender-stemmed Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Dichanthelium boscii Bosc’s Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Dichanthelium commutatum Variable Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Dichanthelium laxiflorum Open-flower Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Dichanthelium scoparium Velvet Witchgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Digitaria ischaemum Smooth Crab Grass Annual Graminoid detail
Digitaria sanguinalis Northern Crab Grass Annual Graminoid detail
Diodia teres Poorjoe Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 6-18 in. detail
Dioscorea villosa Wild Yam Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 23 ft. long detail
Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon Perennial Tree 35-60 ft. detail
Echinacea laevigata Smooth Purple Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
Echinochloa colona Jungle-rice Annual Graminoid detail
Echinochloa crus-galli Barnyard-grass Annual Graminoid detail
Eleocharis obtusa Blunt Spikerush Annual, Perennial Graminoid detail
Eleocharis quadrangulata Squarestem Spikerush Perennial Graminoid detail
Elephantopus carolinianus Carolina Elephantsfoot Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Elymus villosus Downy Wild-rye Perennial Graminoid detail
Epifagus virginiana Beechdrops Annual Forb/herb 4-18 in. detail
Epilobium coloratum Bronze Willow-herb Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Eragrostis refracta Coastal Lovegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple Lovegrass Perennial Graminoid to 20 inches detail
Erigeron annuus Annual Fleabane Annual Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Euonymus americanus Heart’s-a-bustin’ Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 4-6 ft. detail
Eupatorium album White Thoroughwort Perennial Forb/herb to 3 ft. detail
Eupatorium capillifolium Common Dog-fennel Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-6 ft. detail
Eupatorium hyssopifolium Hyssopleaf Eupatorium Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 ft. detail
Euphorbia corollata Eastern Flowering Spurge Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
Euphorbia spathulata Prairie Spurge Annual, Perennial Forb/herb detail
Eurybia divaricata White Wood Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Fagus grandifolia American Beech Perennial Tree 50-80 feet detail
Festuca subverticillata Nodding Fescue Perennial Graminoid detail
Fimbristylis autumnalis Slender Fimbry Annual Graminoid detail
Fimbristylis dichotoma Forked Fimbry Annual, Perennial Graminoid detail
Fragaria virginiana Virginia Strawberry Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 in. detail
Fraxinus americana White Ash Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–50) m tall. detail
Galium aparine Cleavers Annual Vine, Forb/herb to 5 ft. detail
Galium circaezans Forest Bedstraw Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 6-22 in. detail
Galium pilosum Hairy Bedstraw Perennial Forb/herb 6-30 in. detail
Galium tinctorium Southern Three-lobed Bedstraw Perennial Forb/herb 6-30 in. detail
Gamochaeta purpurea Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-15 in. detail
Geranium carolinianum Carolina Crane’s-bill Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-24 in. detail
Geum canadense White Avens Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. detail
Geum virginianum Cream Avens Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Glechoma hederacea Gill-over-the-ground Perennial Forb/herb to 2 ft. (long) detail
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Goodyera pubescens Downy Rattlesnake Plantain Perennial Forb/herb 4-15 in. detail
Gratiola viscidula Short’s Hedge-hyssop Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Hamamelis virginiana American Witch-hazel Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-20 ft.; width 8-20 ft. detail
Helianthus divaricatus Woodland Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-7 ft. detail
Helianthus microcephalus Small-headed Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 1/2 ft. (occasionally taller) detail
Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
Holcus lanatus Soft Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Houstonia caerulea Azure Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
Houstonia purpurea Summer Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Hypericum gentianoides Orange-grass Annual Forb/herb 6-20 in. detail
Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's Cross Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
Hypericum mutilum Common Dwarf St. John’s-wort Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 4-18 in. detail
Hypericum nudiflorum Early St. Johnswort Perennial Shrub, Subshrub detail
Hypericum punctatum Spotted St. John’s-wort Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
Impatiens capensis Jewelweed Annual Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Ipomoea hederacea Ivyleaf Morning-glory Annual Vine, Forb/herb to 6 ft. (long) detail
Ipomoea lacunosa White Morning-glory Annual Vine, Forb/herb 2-10 ft. detail
Ipomoea pandurata Man Of The Earth Perennial Vine, Forb/herb 4-16 ft. detail
Iris cristata Dwarf Crested Iris Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
Juglans nigra Black Walnut Perennial Tree detail
Juncus acuminatus Sharp-fruited Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Juncus biflorus Large Grass-leaved Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Juncus brachycarpus Short-fruited Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Juncus dichotomus Forked Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Juncus scirpoides Needlepod Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Juncus tenuis Path Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Justicia americana American Water-willow Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Lactuca canadensis American Wild Lettuce Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-10 ft. detail
Lamium purpureum Purple Dead-nettle Annual Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. (long) detail
Leersia oryzoides Rice Cutgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Leersia virginica White Cutgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Lespedeza cuneata Chinese Lespedeza Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Lespedeza procumbens Downy Trailing Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb detail
Lespedeza repens Creeping Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Lespedeza virginica Slender Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Leucanthemum vulgare Common Daisy Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Liatris squarrulosa Southern Blazing-star Perennial Forb/herb 2 to 6 ft. detail
Ligustrum sinense Chinese Privet Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Lindernia dubia Yellowseed False Pimpernel Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
Liparis liliifolia Lily-leaf Twayblade Perennial Forb/herb to 1 ft. detail
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Perennial Tree (10–)15–35(–45) m tall. detail
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree Perennial Tree detail
Lithospermum canescens Hoary Puccoon Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Lobelia inflata Indian-tobacco Annual Forb/herb 6-36 in. detail
Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Lobelia spicata Pale Spiked Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle Perennial Vine detail
Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 ft. or more detail
Ludwigia alternifolia Alternate-leaf Seedbox Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Ludwigia decurrens Wingleaf Primrose-willow Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 1-7 ft. detail
Ludwigia palustris Common Water-purslane Perennial Forb/herb 3-12 in. detail
Luzula echinata Spreading Wood-rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Lycopus virginicus Virginia Bugleweed Perennial Forb/herb 8-36 in. detail
Lysimachia ciliata Fringed Loosestrife Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Maianthemum racemosum Solomon’s-plume Perennial Forb/herb 10-24 in. detail
Matelea decipiens Deceptive Spinypod Forb/herb detail
Matelea gonocarpos Western Anglepod Perennial Vine, Forb/herb detail
Melica mutica Two-flower Melic Grass Perennial Graminoid 1 - 2 ft detail
Melothria pendula Creeping Cucumber Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 15 ft. long detail
Menispermum canadense Moonseed Perennial Vine detail
Microstegium vimineum Flexible Sasa-grass Annual Graminoid detail
Mimulus alatus Sharpwing Monkeyflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Morus rubra Red Mulberry Perennial Tree 5–20(–25) m tall. detail
Muhlenbergia schreberi Nimblewill Perennial Graminoid detail
Murdannia keisak Marsh Dewflower Perennial Forb/herb 8-59 in. detail
Nandina domestica Nandina Perennial Shrub detail
Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
Oenothera biennis Common Evening-primrose Biennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Oenothera fruticosa Southern Sundrops Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Ornithogalum umbellatum Star-of-Bethlehem Perennial Forb/herb 4-10 in. detail
Osmorhiza longistylis Anise-root Perennial Forb/herb 1--2 1/2 ft. detail
Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
Oxalis dillenii Slender Yellow Woodsorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-10 in. detail
Oxalis violacea Violet Wood-sorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
Packera anonyma Small’s Ragwort Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
Packera paupercula Balsam Ragwort Perennial Forb/herb detail
Panicum anceps Beaked Panic Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Perennial Vine detail
Paspalum dilatatum Dallis Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Paspalum floridanum Florida Paspalum Perennial Graminoid detail
Paspalum laeve Field Paspalum Perennial Graminoid detail
Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
Penstemon australis Sandhill Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 8-28 in. detail
Phaseolus polystachios Thicket Bean Perennial Vine, Forb/herb 6-20 ft. (long) detail
Phlox nivalis ssp. hentzii Trailing Phlox Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
Phoradendron leucarpum American Mistletoe Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Phytolacca americana American Pokeweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-10 ft. detail
Pilea pumila Canadian Clearweed Annual Forb/herb 4 - 24 in. detail
Pinus echinata Rosemary Pine Perennial Tree (15–)20–35(–45) m tall. detail
Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine Perennial Tree (20–)25–40(–55) m tall. detail
Pinus virginiana Jersey Pine Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–30) m tall. detail
Plantago aristata Buckhorn Plantain Annual, Perennial Forb/herb to 6 in. detail
Plantago virginica Hoary Plantain Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore Perennial Tree 75-100 feet detail
Pleopeltis polypodioides West Indian Resurrection Fern Perennial Forb/herb, Vine detail
Poa annua Annual Bluegrass Annual Graminoid detail
Poa compressa Canada Bluegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Poa trivialis Rough Bluegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Podophyllum peltatum May-apple Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 in. detail
Potentilla recta Sulphur Cinquefoil Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Prunus americana American Wild Plum Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw Plum Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Ptilimnium capillaceum Atlantic Bishopweed Annual Forb/herb 6-60 in. detail
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Carolina Desert-chicory Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 6-20 in. detail
Quercus alba White Oak Perennial Tree to 100 feet detail
Quercus coccinea Scarlet Oak Perennial Tree detail
Quercus falcata Southern Red Oak Perennial Tree (15–)20–30(–40) m tall. detail
Quercus palustris Pin Oak Perennial Tree detail
Quercus phellos Willow Oak Perennial Tree detail
Quercus shumardii Shumard Oak Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Quercus stellata Post Oak Perennial Tree to 85 feet detail
Quercus velutina Black Oak Perennial Tree to 80 feet x 40 feet detail
Ranunculus abortivus Kidneyleaf Buttercup Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 6-24 in. detail
Ranunculus hispidus Bristly Buttercup Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Ranunculus sardous Sardinian Buttercup Annual, Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb detail
Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinxter-flower Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub 9-15 ft. detail
Rhynchospora capitellata Brownish Beaksedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Rhynchospora globularis Globe Beaksedge Annual, Perennial Graminoid detail
Rhynchospora glomerata Clustered Beaksedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Rhynchospora inexpansa Nodding Beaksedge Perennial Graminoid 1-3 ft. detail
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust Perennial Tree detail
Rosa multiflora Multiflora Rose Perennial Vine, Subshrub detail
Rotala ramosior Lowland Rotala Annual Forb/herb 2-15 in. detail
Rubus flagellaris Common Dewberry Perennial Subshrub detail
Rudbeckia fulgida Orange Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Rudbeckia laciniata Green-head Coneflower Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3-7 ft. detail
Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina Wild Petunia Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Rumex acetosella Common Sheep Sorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
Rumex conglomeratus Clustered Green Dock Perennial Forb/herb detail
Sabatia angularis Common Marsh-pink Annual Forb/herb 8-32 in. detail
Salix nigra Black Willow Perennial Tree to 60 ft detail
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry height and spread 8-12 feet detail
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in. detail
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
Saururus cernuus Lizard’s Tail Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Scirpus cyperinus Woolgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Scirpus georgianus Georgia Bulrush Perennial Graminoid detail
Scleria oligantha Few-flowered Nutrush Perennial Graminoid detail
Scutellaria integrifolia Large-flower Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Scutellaria lateriflora Blue Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
Sedum ternatum Woodland Stonecrop Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
Setaria parviflora Knotroot Bristlegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
Sisyrinchium mucronatum Needle-tip Blue-eyed-grass Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
Smilax bona-nox Catbriar Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
Smilax glauca Cat Greenbrier Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
Smilax rotundifolia Bullbriar Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
Solanum americanum American Black Nightshade Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
Solidago caesia Axillary Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis Canada Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Solidago gigantea Giant Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 1/2 ft. detail
Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Eastern Gray Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb detail
Solidago pinetorum Pineywoods Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Solidago rugosa Rough-leaf Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Sonchus asper Prickly Sow-thistle Annual Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
Sorghum halepense Johnson Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Spiranthes vernalis Spring Ladies’-tresses Perennial Forb/herb 8-35 in. detail
Staphylea trifolia American Bladdernut Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Steinchisma hians Gaping Panic Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Stellaria media Common Chickweed Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
Stellaria pubera Giant Chickweed Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
Stylosanthes biflora Pencil-flower Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry Perennial Shrub 2-5 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Starved Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Symphyotrichum undulatum Clasping Heart-leaf Aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Taraxacum officinale Common Dandelion Perennial Forb/herb 2-12 in. detail
Thalictrum revolutum Skunk Meadow-rue Perennial Forb/herb 4-5 ft. detail
Thaspium barbinode Hairyjoint Meadowparsnip Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 1/2 ft. detail
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum Purple Meadowparsnip Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Foamflower Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in.; spread-1 ft. detail
Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Toxicodendron radicans Eastern Poison Ivy Perennial Shrub, Forb/herb, Subshrub, Vine detail
Trachelospermum difforme Climbing Dogbane Perennial Vine to 20 ft. long detail
Tragia urticifolia Nettleleaf Noseburn Perennial Vine, Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Trichostema dichotomum Forked Bluecurls Annual Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Tridens flavus Tall Redtop Perennial Graminoid detail
Trifolium campestre Field Clover Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 2-12 in. detail
Trifolium dubium Little Hop Clover Annual Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
Trifolium pratense Red Clover Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 6-22 in. detail
Trifolium repens Dutch Clover Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Tripsacum dactyloides Gama Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Ulmus alata Winged Elm Perennial Tree (5–)10–20(–35) m tall detail
Ulmus americana American Elm Perennial Tree (10–)20–35(–50) m tall detail
Ulmus rubra Red Elm Perennial Tree (10–)15–25(–40) m tall detail
Uvularia perfoliata Perfoliate Bellwort Perennial Forb/herb 6-18 in. detail
Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Valerianella radiata Beaked Cornsalad Annual Forb/herb 4-18 in. detail
Verbascum blattaria Moth Mullein Biennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Verbascum thapsus Common Mullein Biennial Forb/herb 2-6 ft. detail
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-5 ft. detail
Verbena simplex Narrowleaf Vervain Perennial Forb/herb 8-26 in. detail
Verbena urticifolia Velvetleaf Vervain Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-8 ft. detail
Verbesina alternifolia Common Wingstem Perennial Forb/herb 3-9 ft. detail
Verbesina occidentalis Southern Crownbeard Perennial Forb/herb 3-10 ft. detail
Vernonia glauca Broadleaf Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Vernonia noveboracensis New York Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-7 ft. detail
Veronica arvensis Corn Speedwell Annual Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
Veronica hederifolia Ivyleaf Speedwell 2-14 in. detail
Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-6 ft. detail
Viburnum prunifolium Smooth Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Vicia sativa ssp. nigra Garden Vetch Annual Vine, Forb/herb detail
Viola bicolor Field Pansy Annual Forb/herb 1 1/2-12 in. detail
Viola sororia Common Blue Violet Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
Vitis cinerea var. floridana Florida Grape Perennial Vine detail
Wisteria sinensis Chinese Wisteria Perennial Vine detail
Xanthium strumarium Cocklebur Annual Forb/herb 1-6 ft. detail
Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
Zizia aptera Heartleaf Golden-Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail