Special Collections

NCBG - Sandhills Habitat

The Coastal Plain and Sandhills Habitats represent the wide range of ecosystems present in the eastern part of the state, beginning with the rolling sandhills where you see the state tree of North Carolina, the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris). Soon the terrain becomes flatter, simulating the pocosin and wetland habitats common on the outer coastal plain. In this area grow myrtle (Myrica cerifera) and carnivorous plants, such as the Venus' flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) and pitcher plants (Sarracenia species).

Last Update: 2020-01-01

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scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
Agalinis setacea Threadleaf False Foxglove Annual Forb/herb 6-27 in. detail
Amelanchier obovalis Coastal Plain Serviceberry Perennial Shrub detail
Amorpha herbacea Dwarf Indigo Bush Perennial Shrub 3 - 6 ft. detail
Ampelaster carolinianus Climbing Aster Perennial Shrub, Vine to 6+ ft. detail
Amsonia ciliata Sandhills Bluestar Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Andropogon glaucopsis Purple Bluestem detail
Andropogon ternarius Split-beard Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 1.5-4 ft. detail
Anthaenantia villosa Green Silkyscale Perennial Graminoid detail
Apios americana Common Groundnut Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
Apocynum cannabinum Hemp Dogbane Perennial Forb/herb 1-4.5 ft. detail
Aralia spinosa Devil’s Walkingstick Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-15 ft. detail
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Aristida stricta Carolina Wiregrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry up to 12 ft. detail
Asclepias humistrata Pinewoods Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Asimina parviflora Small-flowered Pawpaw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Athyrium asplenioides Southern Lady Fern 2-3 ft. detail
Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Baptisia cinerea Carolina Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Baptisia tinctoria Rattleweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Calamagrostis coarctata Nuttall’s Reedgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Calamovilfa brevipilis Pinebarren Sandreed Perennial Graminoid detail
Carphephorus bellidifolius Sandywoods Chaffhead Perennial Forb/herb 1-1 3/4 ft. detail
Carphephorus tomentosus Carolina Chaffhead Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Chamaecrista nictitans Sensitive Partridge Pea Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic White Cedar Perennial Tree up to 50 ft. detail
Chrysoma pauciflosculosa Woody Goldenrod Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Golden-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Clethra alnifolia Coastal Sweet-pepperbush Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
Clinopodium coccineum Scarlet Wild Basil Perennial Shrub 2-4 ft. detail
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Cornus amomum Silky Dogwood Perennial Shrub height and Spread 6 - 12 feet detail
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
Cornus foemina Stiff Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 - 25 feet, Spread 10 - 15 feet detail
Crataegus pulcherrima Beautiful Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Cuthbertia graminea Grassleaf Roseling 4-16 in. detail
Cyrilla racemiflora Titi Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-12 ft. detail
Desmodium ciliare Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Desmodium glabellum Dillenius’ Ticktrefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Dichondra carolinensis Carolina Ponyfoot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 in. detail
Diodia teres Poorjoe Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 6-18 in. detail
Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon Perennial Tree 35-60 ft. detail
Elephantopus tomentosus Devil’s Grandmother Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Epigaea repens Trailing Arbutus Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 4-6 in. detail
Eragrostis refracta Coastal Lovegrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Eryngium prostratum Creeping Eryngo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 in.; stems to 16 in. long detail
Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Erythrina herbacea Coral Bean Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub to 5 ft. detail
Eupatorium capillifolium Common Dog-fennel Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-6 ft. detail
Eupatorium glaucescens Broadleaf Bushy Eupatorium Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Eupatorium pilosum Ragged Eupatorium Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Eupatorium rotundifolium Roundleaf Thoroughwort Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 1/2 ft. detail
Euphorbia curtisii White Sandhills Spurge Perennial Shrub 8-15 in. detail
Eurybia paludosa Southern Swamp Wood-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
Galactia mollis Soft Milkpea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb detail
Galactia regularis Eastern Milkpea Perennial Forb/herb, Vine to 10 ft. long detail
Galactia volubilis Downy Milkpea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb detail
Galium pilosum Hairy Bedstraw Perennial Forb/herb 6-30 in. detail
Gaylussacia dumosa Southern Dwarf Huckleberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Gaylussacia frondosa Dangleberry Perennial Shrub detail
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine Perennial Vine, Shrub Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
Gentiana autumnalis Pine Barren Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 6-24 in. detail
Gentiana catesbaei Elliott’s Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Gentiana saponaria Soapwort Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Gymnopogon ambiguus Eastern Beard Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-6 ft. detail
Helianthus atrorubens Purpledisk Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2 1/2-6 1/2 ft. detail
Helianthus resinosus Resinous Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
Hibiscus aculeatus Savanna Rose-mallow Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Hieracium gronovii Beaked Hawkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Hypericum crux-andreae St. Peter’s-wort Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
Hypericum gentianoides Orange-grass Annual Forb/herb 6-20 in. detail
Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's Cross Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
Hypericum punctatum Spotted St. John’s-wort Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Ilex amelanchier Sarvis Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Ilex coriacea Sweet Gallberry Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
Ilex glabra Inkberry Perennial Shrub 5-8 ft. detail
Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
Ionactis linariifolius Stiff-leaved Aster Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Iris verna var. verna Coastal Plain Dwarf Iris Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
Juncus dichotomus Forked Rush Perennial Graminoid detail
Kalmia carolina Southern Sheepkill Perennial Shrub detail
Kalmia cuneata White Wicky Perennial Shrub detail
Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Krigia virginica Virginia Dwarf-dandelion Annual Forb/herb 1-12 in. detail
Leiophyllum buxifolium Sand-myrtle Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Lespedeza cuneata Chinese Lespedeza Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Lespedeza hirta Hairy Lespedeza Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
Leucanthemum vulgare Common Daisy Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Leucothoe axillaris Coastal Doghobble Perennial Shrub 2-4 ft. detail
Liatris cokeri Sandhill’s Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. detail
Liatris tenuifolia Shortleaf Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb detail
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Perennial Tree (10–)15–35(–45) m tall. detail
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Lobelia glandulosa Glade Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 1.5-3 ft. detail
Lobelia nuttallii Nuttall’s Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 8-30 in. detail
Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Ludwigia virgata Savanna Seedbox Perennial Forb/herb detail
Lupinus diffusus Blue Sandhill Lupine Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Lycopodiella alopecuroides Foxtail Clubmoss Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
Lyonia lucida Shining Fetterbush Perennial Shrub 6 ft. detail
Lyonia mariana Piedmont Staggerbush Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Manfreda virginica Eastern False-aloe Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Marshallia graminifolia Grassleaf Barbara’s Buttons Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Mimosa microphylla Eastern Sensitive-briar Perennial Vine, Forb/herb 3-6 ft. (long) detail
Mitchella repens Partridge-berry Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb to 4 in. (trailing 1/2-1 ft.) detail
Mollugo verticillata Carpetweed Annual Forb/herb to 5 in. detail
Morella cerifera Common Wax-myrtle Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Muhlenbergia expansa Savanna Hairgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Nolina georgiana Georgia Beargrass Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Nuttallanthus canadensis Canada Toadflax Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 6-28 in. detail
Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
Opuntia humifusa Eastern Prickly Pear Perennial Shrub to 2 feet or more detail
Orbexilum lupinellum Lupine Scurfpea Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Orbexilum pedunculatum var. psoralioides Eastern Sampson’s-snakeroot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum Cinnamon Fern Perennial Forb/herb detail
Panicum anceps Beaked Panic Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Perennial Vine detail
Paspalum bifidum Pitchfork Crown Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
Penstemon australis Sandhill Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 8-28 in. detail
Persea borbonia Red Bay Perennial Tree, Shrub Usually to 40 ft. detail
Pinus echinata Rosemary Pine Perennial Tree (15–)20–35(–45) m tall. detail
Pinus palustris Longleaf Pine Perennial Tree 80-100 ft. detail
Pityopsis graminifolia var. latifolia Narrowleaf Silkgrass Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Pityopsis pinifolia Sandhill Goldenaster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Plantago virginica Hoary Plantain Annual, Biennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
Pluchea camphorata Plowmans Wort Annual, Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 1/2 ft. detail
Pogonia ophioglossoides Rose Pogonia Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Polypremum procumbens Rustweed Annual, Perennial Forb/herb to 12 in. (long) detail
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Quercus laevis Turkey Oak Perennial Tree detail
Quercus oglethorpensis Oglethorpe Oak Perennial Tree 40 ft.; width 40 ft. detail
Quercus phellos Willow Oak Perennial Tree detail
Rhexia alifanus Smooth Meadow-beauty Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
Rhexia mariana var. exalbida White Meadow-beauty to 14 in. detail
Rhododendron atlanticum Dwarf Azalea Perennial Shrub 2-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp Azalea Perennial Shrub 5 feet detail
Rhododendron viscosum var. serrulatum detail
Rhus copallinum var. copallinum Winged Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Rhus michauxii Michaux’s Sumac Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Rhynchospora grayi Gray’s Beaksedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Richardia scabra Rough Mexican Clover Annual Forb/herb detail
Rumex acetosella Common Sheep Sorrel Perennial Forb/herb 4-16 in. detail
Rumex hastatulus Heartwing Dock Perennial Forb/herb to 2 ft. detail
Sagittaria engelmanniana Engelmann’s Arrowhead Perennial Forb/herb 8-30 in. detail
Salvia azurea var. azurea Azure Sage Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry height and spread 8-12 feet detail
Sarracenia flava Yellow Pitcherplant Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Sarracenia purpurea Northern Purple Pitcherplant Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
Sericocarpus linifolius Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Sericocarpus tortifolius Dixie Whitetop Aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Silene stellata Starry Campion Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Smilax rotundifolia Bullbriar Perennial Shrub, Vine detail
Smilax walteri Coral Greenbrier Perennial Shrub, Vine 5-20 ft. detail
Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Eastern Gray Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb detail
Solidago odora Anise-scented Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Solidago rugosa Rough-leaf Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Solidago stricta Pine Barren Bog Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
Sporobolus junceus Sandhills Dropseed detail
Stipulicida setacea Coastal Plain Wireplant Perennial Forb/herb 2-10 in. detail
Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum walteri Walter’s American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Symplocos tinctoria Horsesugar Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Tephrosia virginiana Virginia Goat’s-rue Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Toxicodendron pubescens Poison Oak Perennial Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb detail
Tridens carolinianus Carolina Fluffgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Triplasis purpurea Purple Sandgrass Annual Graminoid detail
Vaccinium arboreum Sparkleberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet x 15 feet detail
Vaccinium crassifolium Creeping Blueberry Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-8 inches detail
Vaccinium formosum Southern Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub detail
Vaccinium fuscatum Black Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub to 15 ft detail
Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Vaccinium tenellum Small Black Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Vernonia acaulis Stemless Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Vernonia angustifolia Carolina Sandhill Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
Viburnum prunifolium Smooth Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
Viola pedata Bird’s-foot Violet Perennial Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
Wisteria frutescens American Wisteria Perennial Vine to 25-30 feet detail
Xyris caroliniana Carolina Yelloweyed Grass Perennial Forb/herb 8 -36 in. detail
Yucca aloifolia Spanish Bayonet Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Yucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle Perennial Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb 4-8 ft. detail
Zenobia pulverulenta Honeycup Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
Zigadenus glaberrimus Large Death-camas Perennial Forb/herb 1-3.5 ft. detail