Special Collections


NCBG - Piedmont Habitat

This garden was once Laurel Hill Road! Now it is a series of beds that display plant communities of the Piedmont with a focus on the plants that prefer sunny sites. You will see roadside wildflowers, a representation of a diabase glade featuring a number of rare plants, and a collection of old farm implements that remind us of the impact that the Piedmont's agricultural history has had on the landscape. There are things to see in this collection year round, but summer and fall are the best times to take in the perennials and grasses that dominate the Piedmont habitat.

Last Update: 2020-01-01

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
Acer leucoderme Chalk Maple Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 ft. detail
Actaea racemosa Early Black-cohosh Perennial Forb/herb 3-8 ft. detail
Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
Aletris farinosa White Colicroot Perennial Forb/herb 1-3.5 ft. detail
Alisma subcordatum American Water-plantain Perennial Forb/herb to 3 ft. above water detail
Allium cernuum Nodding Onion Perennial Forb/herb 12-15 in. detail
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-25 ft. detail
Amorpha schwerinii Tall Indigo-bush Perennial Shrub detail
Amsonia tabernaemontana var. tabernaemontana Eastern Bluestar Perennial Forb/herb detail
Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 4-8 ft. detail
Andropogon gyrans Elliott’s Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 2-3 ft. detail
Andropogon ternarius Split-beard Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 1.5-4 ft. detail
Andropogon virginicus Broomstraw Perennial Graminoid detail
Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax Big-head Pussytoes Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in. detail
Aristida purpurascens Arrowfeather Threeawn Perennial Graminoid detail
Arnica acaulis Leopard’s-bane Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry up to 12 ft. detail
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Asclepias variegata White Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Asclepias viridiflora Green Comet Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb to 2 1/2 ft. detail
Asimina triloba Common Pawpaw Perennial Tree, Shrub height and spread 15-30 feet detail
Astilbe biternata Appalachian False Goat’s Beard Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Baptisia albescens Spiked Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Baptisia australis var. aberrans Eastern Prairie Blue Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb detail
Berberis canadensis Allegheny Barberry Perennial Shrub detail
Bidens aristosa Ditch-daisy Annual, Biennial Forb/herb to 6 ft. detail
Blephilia ciliata Downy Woodmint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.) detail
Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
Castanea pumila Chinquapin Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Castilleja coccinea Eastern Indian-paintbrush Annual Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
Centrosema virginianum Spurred Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 5 ft. long detail
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Perennial Tree, Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud Perennial Tree, Shrub 16–33 ft. detail
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic White Cedar Perennial Tree up to 50 ft. detail
Chamaelirium luteum Fairy-wand Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Chasmanthium latifolium River Oats Perennial Graminoid 2-4 ft. detail
Chasmanthium laxum Slender Woodoats Perennial Graminoid 2 ft. detail
Chionanthus virginicus Fringe-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
Chrysogonum virginianum Green-and-gold Perennial Forb/herb 2-10 in. detail
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Golden-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Cicuta maculata Spotted Water Hemlock Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 ft. detail
Claytonia virginica Eastern Spring-beauty Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
Clematis ochroleuca Curlyheads Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3 ft. detail
Clematis viorna Northern Leatherflower Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 feet or more detail
Clitoria mariana Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to nearly 2 ft. long detail
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Coreopsis auriculata Lobed Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
Coreopsis major Greater Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Coreopsis verticillata Whorled Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Corylus americana American Hazelnut Perennial Shrub 10-16 ft. detail
Crataegus marshallii Parsley Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Crataegus uniflora Dwarf Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Cunila origanoides American-dittany Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-16 in. detail
Dichondra carolinensis Carolina Ponyfoot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 in. detail
Dryopteris celsa Log Fern Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Echinacea laevigata Smooth Purple Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
Endodeca serpentaria Virginia Snakeroot 4-24 in. detail
Epigaea repens Trailing Arbutus Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 4-6 in. detail
Erianthus alopecuroides Silver Plume Grass 3-9 ft. detail
Erianthus contortus Bent-awn Plume Grass detail
Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Erythronium umbilicatum Dimpled Troutlily Perennial Forb/herb 4-10 in. detail
Eubotrys racemosus Swamp Doghobble Perennial Shrub to 6 ft. detail
Euonymus americanus Heart’s-a-bustin’ Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 4-6 ft. detail
Eutrochium fistulosum Hollow-stem Joe-pye-weed Perennial Forb/herb 5-8 ft. detail
Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
Gaultheria procumbens Eastern Teaberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 2–6 in. detail
Gaylussacia baccata Black Huckleberry Perennial Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
Gentiana villosa Striped Gentian Perennial Forb/herb 8-22 in. detail
Hamamelis virginiana American Witch-hazel Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-20 ft.; width 8-20 ft. detail
Helianthus atrorubens Purpledisk Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2 1/2-6 1/2 ft. detail
Helianthus decapetalus Forest Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. (occasionally to 8 ft.) detail
Helianthus divaricatus Woodland Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-7 ft. detail
Helianthus laevigatus Smooth Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
Helianthus microcephalus Small-headed Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 1/2 ft. (occasionally taller) detail
Helianthus strumosus Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb 3-9 ft. detail
Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-10 in. detail
Hexastylis arifolia Little Brown Jug Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
Hexastylis minor Little Heartleaf Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
Houstonia caerulea Azure Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
Houstonia purpurea Summer Bluet Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Hypericum crux-andreae St. Peter’s-wort Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
Hypericum lloydii Lloyd’s St. John’s-wort Subshrub 1-2 ft. detail
Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
Iris cristata Dwarf Crested Iris Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Redcedar Perennial Tree (2–)10–20(–37) m tall. detail
Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Liatris squarrosa Scaly Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Liatris squarrulosa Southern Blazing-star Perennial Forb/herb 2 to 6 ft. detail
Lilium michauxii Carolina Lily Perennial Forb/herb 18 in.-3 1/2 feet detail
Liparis liliifolia Lily-leaf Twayblade Perennial Forb/herb to 1 ft. detail
Lithospermum canescens Hoary Puccoon Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Luzula acuminata Hairy Woodrush Perennial Graminoid up to 1 ft. detail
Lyonia mariana Piedmont Staggerbush Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia Perennial Tree 30-40 ft. detail
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Maianthemum racemosum Solomon’s-plume Perennial Forb/herb 10-24 in. detail
Marshallia legrandii Oak Barrens Barbara’s-buttons Perennial Forb/herb 60-80(-100) cm detail
Marshallia obovata var. obovata Piedmont Barbara's-buttons Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Melica mutica Two-flower Melic Grass Perennial Graminoid 1 - 2 ft detail
Micranthes virginiensis Early Saxifrage 4-18 in. detail
Mitchella repens Partridge-berry Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb to 4 in. (trailing 1/2-1 ft.) detail
Monarda fistulosa Appalachian Bergamot Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Muhlenbergia capillaris Hairgrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
Oenothera fruticosa Southern Sundrops Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
Packera anonyma Small’s Ragwort Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail
Parthenium auriculatum Glade Wild Quinine Perennial Forb/herb detail
Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 12 ft. detail
Penstemon canescens Eastern Gray Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Penstemon laevigatus Eastern Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Phlox nivalis Pineland Phlox Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Piptochaetium avenaceum Eastern Needlegrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
Pityopsis adenolepis Carolina Silkgrass 8-18 in. detail
Podophyllum peltatum May-apple Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 in. detail
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum Perennial Forb/herb detail
Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinxter-flower Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp Azalea Perennial Shrub 5 feet detail
Rhus copallinum Winged Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub 9-15 ft. detail
Rosa carolina Carolina Rose Perennial Subshrub height and spread 3-6 ft. detail
Rubus trivialis Southern Dewberry Perennial Subshrub, Vine detail
Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida Orange Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina Wild Petunia Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Sabatia angularis Common Marsh-pink Annual Forb/herb 8-32 in. detail
Sabatia quadrangula Four-angle Rose-gentian Annual, Biennial Forb/herb detail
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Salvia urticifolia Nettle-leaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 6-30 in. detail
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in. detail
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Perennial Graminoid 2-3 ft. detail
Scutellaria integrifolia Large-flower Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Sedum ternatum Woodland Stonecrop Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
Sericocarpus asteroides Toothed White-topped Aster Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Sericocarpus linifolius Narrow-leaf White-topped Aster Perennial Forb/herb 8-24 in. detail
Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Silphium asteriscus var. asteriscus Starry Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Silphium compositum var. compositum Kidneyleaf Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-8 ft. detail
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
Solidago bicolor Silverrod Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Solidago caesia Axillary Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Solidago erecta Slender Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Eastern Gray Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb detail
Solidago ptarmicoides White Prairie-goldenrod detail
Solidago puberula Downy Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Solidago rigida var. glabrata Southeastern Stiff-leaved Goldenrod to 5 ft. detail
Sorghastrum elliottii Long-bristle Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
Strophostyles umbellata Perennial Sand Bean Perennial Vine, Forb/herb to 6 ft. (long) detail
Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum concolor Eastern Silvery Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-4 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum georgianum Georgia Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Symphyotrichum grandiflorum Large-flower American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum laeve var. concinnum Smooth Blue American-aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Starved Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Symphyotrichum patens Clasping American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum undulatum Clasping Heart-leaf Aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum urophyllum White Arrowleaf Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Taenidia integerrima Yellow Pimpernel Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Tephrosia spicata Spiked Hoarypea Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Thalictrum thalictroides Windflower Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Foamflower Perennial Forb/herb 6-12 in.; spread-1 ft. detail
Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Trichostema dichotomum Forked Bluecurls Annual Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Tridens flavus Tall Redtop Perennial Graminoid detail
Trillium catesbaei Catesby’s Trillium Perennial Forb/herb 10-18 in. detail
Trillium cuneatum Little Sweet Betsy Perennial Forb/herb 6-11 in. detail
Triodanis perfoliata Venus’ Looking-glass Annual Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Tripsacum dactyloides Gama Grass Perennial Graminoid detail
Vaccinium arboreum Sparkleberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet x 15 feet detail
Vaccinium fuscatum Black Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub to 15 ft detail
Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry Perennial Subshrub, Shrub detail
Vaccinium stamineum Common Deerberry Perennial Shrub 6 feet tall and wide detail
Vernonia acaulis Stemless Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Vernonia glauca Broadleaf Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-6 ft. detail
Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
Viburnum rafinesqueanum Downy Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub up-6 feet detail
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Viola pedata Bird’s-foot Violet Perennial Forb/herb 2-8 in. detail
Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail