Special Collections


NCBG - Native Perennial Border

The native plant border is a collection of native perennials, shrubs, and small trees. It was designed to be visually interesting throughout the growing season and supplies nectar for pollinators from spring to fall. Featured throughout this collection are a number of rare plants. Our rare plant walk begins in the border and winds about the Garden Commons.

Last Update: 2018-10-24

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
Aconitum uncinatum Southern Blue Monkshood Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Actaea racemosa Early Black-cohosh Perennial Forb/herb 3-8 ft. detail
Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern Maidenhair Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Adiantum pedatum Northern Maidenhair Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Agarista populifolia Florida-hobblebush Perennial Shrub 6-15 feet detail
Alnus serrulata Tag Alder Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet detail
Ampelaster carolinianus Climbing Aster Perennial Shrub, Vine to 6+ ft. detail
Amsonia tabernaemontana Eastern Bluestar Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy Bluestem Perennial Graminoid detail
Antennaria solitaria Singlehead Pussytoes Perennial Forb/herb 7-11 in. detail
Aplectrum hyemale Adam And Eve Perennial Forb/herb 8-20 in. detail
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Columbine Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Aralia racemosa American Spikenard Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Arisaema dracontium Green Dragon Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry up to 12 ft. detail
Asarum canadense Wild Ginger Perennial Forb/herb 2–8 in. detail
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Aster tataricus Tartarian Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Baptisia arachnifera Cobwebby Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb detail
Baptisia australis Tall Blue Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Baptisia bracteata Creamy Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb detail
Baptisia perfoliata Catbells Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Baptisia sphaerocarpa Yellow Wild Indigo Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry Perennial Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
Calycanthus floridus var. glaucus Smooth Sweetshrub Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Campanula americana Tall Bellflower 1.5-6 ft. detail
Carex crinita Fringed Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex cristatella Crested Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex frankii Frank’s Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex grayi Gray’s Sedge Perennial Graminoid to 18 inches detail
Carex lurida Sallow Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex plantaginea Seersucker Sedge Perennial Graminoid 1-2 ft. detail
Carex shortiana Short’s Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex stipata Awlfruit Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Carex stricta Tussuck Sedge Perennial Graminoid detail
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas Redbud Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Chelone lyonii Pink Turtlehead Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Chrysogonum virginianum Green-and-gold Perennial Forb/herb 2-10 in. detail
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Golden-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Clematis reticulata Netleaf Leather Flower Perennial Vine detail
Clethra alnifolia Coastal Sweet-pepperbush Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Conradina verticillata Cumberland False Rosemary Perennial Shrub detail
Coreopsis auriculata Lobed Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 6-8 in. detail
Coreopsis gladiata Coastal Plain Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Coreopsis major Greater Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Coreopsis rosea Pink Tickseed Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Coreopsis tripteris Tall Coreopsis Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
Cunila origanoides American-dittany Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 8-16 in. detail
Cyrilla racemiflora Titi Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-12 ft. detail
Delphinium exaltatum Tall Larkspur Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 ft. detail
Dicentra eximia Wild Bleeding-heart Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Dryopteris ×australis Dixie Wood Fern Perennial Forb/herb up to 4 ft. detail
Echinacea purpurea Eastern Purple Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 1.5-4 ft. detail
Erianthus alopecuroides Silver Plume Grass 3-9 ft. detail
Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 ft. detail
Eurybia divaricata White Wood Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Eurybia surculosa Creeping Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Eutrochium fistulosum Hollow-stem Joe-pye-weed Perennial Forb/herb 5-8 ft. detail
Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
Fothergilla major Mountain Witchalder Perennial Shrub detail
Geum geniculatum Bent Avens Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. detail
Helenium autumnale Common Sneezeweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Helenium flexuosum Purplehead Sneezeweed Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Helianthus schweinitzii Schweinitz’s Sunflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
Hexastylis arifolia Little Brown Jug Perennial Forb/herb 2-6 in. detail
Hexastylis lewisii Lewis’ Heartleaf Perennial Forb/herb 4-12 detail
Hexastylis virginica Virginia Heartleaf Perennial Forb/herb 4-8 in. detail
Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet Rose-mallow Perennial Forb/herb 4-7 ft. detail
Hibiscus grandiflorus Large-flowered Hibiscus Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 6 to 8 ft detail
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow Annual, Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-6 ft. detail
Hydrangea quercifolia Oakleaf Hydrangea Perennial Shrub 6-8 ft.; width 6-8 ft. detail
Hydrangea radiata Silverleaf Perennial Shrub detail
Hydrastis canadensis Golden-seal Perennial Forb/herb 10-15 in. detail
Hypericum densiflorum Bushy St. John’s-wort Perennial Shrub 4 ft. detail
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-20 feet, or more detail
Illicium floridanum Florida Anise Tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-10 ft. tall detail
Illicium parviflorum Yellow Anise-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-10 feet detail
Iris cristata Dwarf Crested Iris Perennial Forb/herb 4-6 in. detail
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
Kosteletzkya virginica Seashore-mallow Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 5-6 ft. detail
Liatris pilosa Shaggy Blazing Star Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Liatris spicata Sessile Blazing-star Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Liatris squarrulosa Southern Blazing-star Perennial Forb/herb 2 to 6 ft. detail
Lindera subcoriacea Bog Spicebush Perennial Tree, Shrub detail
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Perennial Forb/herb 1.5-4 ft. detail
Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle Perennial Vine Climbs 8-10 ft. or more detail
Lyonia lucida Shining Fetterbush Perennial Shrub 6 ft. detail
Lysimachia nummularia Creeping Jenny Perennial Forb/herb 2–4 in. (to 2 ft. long) detail
Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia Perennial Tree 60-80 ft. detail
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Maianthemum racemosum Solomon’s-plume Perennial Forb/herb 10-24 in. detail
Melanthium virginicum Virginia Bunchflower 2-5 ft. detail
Mimulus ringens Allegheny Monkeyflower Perennial Forb/herb 6-36 in. detail
Monarda didyma Beebalm Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Morella cerifera Common Wax-myrtle Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Muhlenbergia capillaris Hairgrass Perennial Graminoid 3 ft. detail
Nyssa biflora Swamp Black Gum Perennial Tree detail
Oenothera fruticosa Southern Sundrops Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Oenothera tetragona Northern Sundrops detail
Osmanthus americanus Devilwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-20 ft detail
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass Perennial Graminoid 4-5 ft. detail
Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Penstemon canescens Eastern Gray Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Penstemon dissectus Dissected Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb detail
Penstemon laevigatus Eastern Beardtongue Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Phlox divaricata Eastern Blue Phlox Perennial Forb/herb to 20 in. detail
Phlox glaberrima ssp. triflora Appalachian Smooth Phlox Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Phlox nivalis Pineland Phlox Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb 4-12 in. detail
Phlox paniculata Summer Phlox Perennial Forb/herb 1-5 ft. detail
Phlox pilosa Downy Phlox Perennial Forb/herb 8-22 in. detail
Phlox stolonifera Creeping Phlox Perennial Forb/herb 8 inches detail
Physostegia virginiana Obedient Plant Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 ft. detail
Pinckneya bracteata Fever-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-20 ft. detail
Pityopsis ruthii Ruth’s Goldaster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Polemonium reptans var. reptans Spreading Jacob’s-ladder Perennial Subshrub, Forb/herb detail
Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum King Solomon’s-seal Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Ratibida pinnata Drooping Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb detail
Rhapidophyllum hystrix Needle Palm Perennial Shrub detail
Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinxter-flower Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron prinophyllum Election Pink Perennial Shrub detail
Rhododendron prunifolium Plumleaf Azalea Perennial Shrub 6-10 ft.; width 4-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp Azalea Perennial Shrub 5 feet detail
Rudbeckia fulgida Orange Coneflower Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii Black-eyed-Susan 2-3 ft. detail
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan Annual, Biennial, Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 1/2 ft. detail
Rudbeckia triloba Browneyed Susan Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina Wild Petunia Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry height and spread 8-12 feet detail
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Common Little Bluestem Perennial Graminoid detail
Scirpus cyperinus Woolgrass Perennial Graminoid detail
Scutellaria incana Hoary Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-4 ft. detail
Scutellaria integrifolia Large-flower Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Scutellaria ovata Heartleaf Skullcap Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Sedum ternatum Woodland Stonecrop Perennial Forb/herb 3-6 in. detail
Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Forb/herb 12-18 in. detail
Silphium asteriscus var. dentatum Starry Rosinweed detail
Silphium glutinosum Sticky Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
Silphium perplexum Old Cahaba Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Rosinweed Perennial Forb/herb detail
Solidago glomerata Clustered Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 1 1/2-3 ft. detail
Solidago rugosa Rough-leaf Goldenrod Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Graminoid 6 ft. detail
Spigelia marilandica Pinkroot Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Spiraea virginiana Virginia Spiraea Perennial Shrub detail
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie Dropseed Perennial Graminoid detail
Stokesia laevis Stokes’ Aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-2 ft. detail
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry Perennial Shrub 2-5 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum grandiflorum Large-flower American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. horizontale Goblet Aster Perennial Forb/herb detail
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England Aster Perennial Forb/herb 3-4 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Eastern Aromatic Aster Perennial Forb/herb 3 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum patens Clasping American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum puniceum Purplestem Aster Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 3-7 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum undulatum Clasping Heart-leaf Aster Perennial Forb/herb 2-5 ft. detail
Symphyotrichum walteri Walter’s American-aster Perennial Forb/herb 1-3 ft. detail
Thalictrum revolutum Skunk Meadow-rue Perennial Forb/herb 4-5 ft. detail
Thelypteris kunthii Southern Shield Fern Perennial Forb/herb 2-3 ft. detail
Thermopsis villosa Carolina Bush Pea Perennial Forb/herb 4-5 ft. detail
Tiarella cordifolia Foamflower Perennial Forb/herb 10-12 in. detail
Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid Perennial Forb/herb 4-20 in. detail
Tradescantia hirsuticaulis Hairy Spiderwort Perennial Forb/herb 18-24 in. detail
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort Perennial Forb/herb 10 in.-4 ft. detail
Trillium pusillum var. virginianum Virginia Dwarf Trillium Perennial Forb/herb detail
Vaccinium arboreum Sparkleberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet x 15 feet detail
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub 15 ft detail
Vernonia angustifolia Carolina Sandhill Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Vernonia glauca Broadleaf Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-5 ft. detail
Vernonia noveboracensis New York Ironweed Perennial Forb/herb 3-7 ft. detail
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s-root Perennial Forb/herb 2-4 ft. detail
Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-6 ft. detail
Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
Viburnum rafinesqueanum Downy Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub up-6 feet detail
Yucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle Perennial Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb 4-8 ft. detail
Yucca gloriosa Mound-lily Yucca Perennial Tree, Shrub, Forb/herb detail
Zenobia pulverulenta Honeycup Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Forb/herb 1-2.5 ft. detail