Special Collections

Conservation Gardening Shrubs and Trees

Collection of recommended native shrubs and trees.

Last Update: 2019-08-22

Print Options: Plant list only | Plant list with images
scientific common duration habit height thumb detail
Acer floridanum Southern Sugar Maple 50–80 ft. detail
Acer leucoderme Chalk Maple Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 ft. detail
Acer rubrum Red Maple Perennial Tree 50–115 ft. detail
Aesculus parviflora Bottlebrush Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-12 ft. detail
Aesculus pavia Red Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
Aesculus sylvatica Painted Buckeye Perennial Tree, Shrub 3-16 ft. detail
Agarista populifolia Florida-hobblebush Perennial Shrub 6-15 feet detail
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-25 ft. detail
Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry up to 12 ft. detail
Asimina triloba Common Pawpaw Perennial Tree, Shrub height and spread 15-30 feet detail
Betula nigra River Birch Perennial Tree 50-80 ft detail
Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry Perennial Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
Calycanthus floridus var. glaucus Smooth Sweetshrub Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 13-50 ft. detail
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 3-4 ft. detail
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Perennial Tree, Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud Perennial Tree, Shrub 16–33 ft. detail
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic White Cedar Perennial Tree up to 50 ft. detail
Chionanthus virginicus Fringe-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky Yellow-wood Perennial Tree 36-72 ft. detail
Clethra alnifolia Coastal Sweet-pepperbush Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
Cornus amomum Silky Dogwood Perennial Shrub height and Spread 6 - 12 feet detail
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-36 ft. detail
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 ft. detail
Cyrilla racemiflora Titi Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-12 ft. detail
Diervilla sessilifolia Smooth Southern Bush-honeysuckle Perennial Shrub 3-6 ft. detail
Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon Perennial Tree 35-60 ft. detail
Euonymus americanus Heart’s-a-bustin’ Perennial Forb/herb, Subshrub 4-6 ft. detail
Fagus grandifolia American Beech Perennial Tree 50-80 feet detail
Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf Witchalder Perennial Shrub 3 ft. detail
Halesia carolina Carolina Silverbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 30-40 ft. detail
Halesia diptera Common Two-wing Silverbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Hamamelis virginiana American Witch-hazel Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-20 ft.; width 8-20 ft. detail
Hydrangea arborescens Smooth Hydrangea Perennial Shrub 3-5 ft. detail
Hydrangea quercifolia Oakleaf Hydrangea Perennial Shrub 6-8 ft.; width 6-8 ft. detail
Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's Cross Perennial Subshrub, Shrub 1-3 ft. detail
Hypericum prolificum Shrubby St-John's-wort Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 1-4 ft. detail
Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 7-20 ft. detail
Ilex glabra Inkberry Perennial Shrub 5-8 ft. detail
Ilex ×attenuata Topal Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-25 ft. detail
Ilex opaca American Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 15-30 ft. tall, spread 10-20 ft. detail
Ilex verticillata Common Winterberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-10 ft. detail
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly Perennial Tree, Shrub 12-20 feet, or more detail
Illicium floridanum Florida Anise Tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-10 ft. tall detail
Illicium parviflorum Yellow Anise-tree Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-10 feet detail
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Perennial Shrub 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft. detail
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Redcedar Perennial Tree (2–)10–20(–37) m tall. detail
Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Leucothoe fontanesiana Mountain Doghobble Perennial Shrub 6 ft. detail
Lindera benzoin Smooth Northern Spicebush Perennial Tree, Shrub 6-9 ft. detail
Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia Perennial Tree 60-80 ft. detail
Magnolia macrophylla Bigleaf Magnolia Perennial Tree 30- 40 ft. detail
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia Perennial Tree 30-40 ft. detail
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Morella cerifera Common Wax-myrtle Perennial Tree, Subshrub, Shrub 10-15 ft. detail
Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum Perennial Tree 60 plus feet detail
Osmanthus americanus Devilwood Perennial Tree, Shrub 10-20 ft detail
Ostrya virginiana American Hop-hornbeam Perennial Tree, Shrub 25-40 ft. detail
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet or more detail
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic Ninebark Perennial Shrub to 8 ft. detail
Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore Perennial Tree 75-100 feet detail
Prunus caroliniana Carolina Laurel Cherry Perennial Tree, Shrub 20-30 ft. detail
Prunus serotina Black Cherry Perennial Tree, Shrub to 50 ft. detail
Rhapidophyllum hystrix Needle Palm Perennial Shrub detail
Rhododendron arborescens Smooth Azalea Perennial Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
Rhododendron atlanticum Dwarf Azalea Perennial Shrub 2-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron austrinum Florida Flame Azalea Perennial Shrub 6-10 feet Spread 4-6 feet detail
Rhododendron calendulaceum Flame Azalea Perennial Shrub 4-8 ft. detail
Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinxter-flower Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron prunifolium Plumleaf Azalea Perennial Shrub 6-10 ft.; width 4-6 ft. detail
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp Azalea Perennial Shrub 5 feet detail
Rhus aromatica Fragrant Sumac Perennial Shrub 2 feet up-8 feet spread detail
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Perennial Tree, Shrub 9-15 ft. detail
Rhus typhina Staghorn Sumac Perennial Shrub, Tree to 30 feet detail
Sabal minor Dwarf Palmetto Perennial Tree, Shrub 3 to 6 ft detail
Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry height and spread 8-12 feet detail
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree, Shrub to 30 feet detail
Styrax americanus American Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-15 ft. detail
Styrax grandifolius Bigleaf Snowbell Perennial Tree, Shrub 8-12 ft. detail
Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress Perennial Tree 50-70 ft. detail
Thuja occidentalis American Arborvitae Perennial Tree 20-40 ft. detail
Tilia americana American Basswood Perennial Tree to 50 ft. detail
Tsuga canadensis Eastern Hemlock Perennial Tree 60 ft. detail
Vaccinium arboreum Sparkleberry Perennial Tree, Shrub 15 feet x 15 feet detail
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush Blueberry Perennial Shrub 15 ft detail
Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub, Subshrub 5-6 ft. detail
Viburnum nudum Possumhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 15 feet detail
Viburnum prunifolium Smooth Blackhaw Perennial Tree, Shrub to 25 ft. detail
Viburnum rafinesqueanum Downy Arrow-wood Perennial Shrub up-6 feet detail
Yucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle Perennial Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb 4-8 ft. detail
Zenobia pulverulenta Honeycup Perennial Shrub 4-6 ft. detail