Plant Index


 
 
 

Zizia aurea

Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch

common golden alexanders, common golden-alexanders, golden zizia

Zizia aurea (Common Golden Alexanders)
Image ID: 25806
Image by: Oglesby, Emily
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ZIAU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-03-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ZIZIA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Zizia
GENUS AUTHORITY: W.D.J. Koch
GENUS COMMON: Zizia
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: APIACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Apiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Carrot Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of moist forests.
STEMS: Stems slender, branched above, with longitudinal lines, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, petiolate (petioles shorter upward), pinnately divided into 3 or 5 lance-shaped to oval leaflets to 3 in. long each, the larger leaflets lobed and all margins toothed; shiny and smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in flat-topped, compound umbels, 2-3 in. wide, terminating stem and branches and consisting of around 12 umbellets each. Flowers stalked, except for the central one in each umbellet; bright yellow; 1/8 in. wide; consisting of 5 incurved petals, 5 protruding stamens and a protruding divided style.
FRUITS: Fruit a joined pair of ridged, oval seeds.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: April-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central N. America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common golden alexanders produces showy, flat-topped clusters of small, bright yellow flowers in early summer. This plant provides butterflies with both a nectar source and larval food (host plant for Black Swallowtails). It is also attractive to a variety of pollinators. Long-lived, this species is found in rich moist woods, riverbanks, and open meadows. 2012 NC Wildflower of the Year.

Bloom Table Text: Flowering here in North Carolina from April through May, Golden Alexanders bring a deep yellow to our gardens and are a favorite food for the Black Swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. The flowers are attractive to many kinds of insects seeking pollen or nectar. The preference is full to partial sun, although light shade under trees is tolerated. The soil should be moist and loamy, and can contain some rocky material. Habitats include openings in moist to mesic woodlands, often in areas along woodland paths. It adapts readily to habitat restorations as it naturalizes easily.

NCBG Location: Education Center Landscape, Piedmont Habitat, Plant Families Garden

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
117 2012-0090 2012-11-13 118 View
260 2011-0102 2011-05-04 265 View
2838 1987-0345 View
3962 1992-0118 View
5015 1995-0134 View
5441 1995-0564 View
7506 2000-0264 2000-09-15 View
8068 2004-0076 2004-09-09 View
9391 2021-0054 2021-04-05 0 View
9413 2021-0075 2021-06-29 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
118 HORT 2011-10-20 Poythress View
265 HORT 2009-08-01 Poythress View
1336 HORT 2006-08-16 Bryan View
1712 HORT 2005-01-01 View
2144 NPMD 2019-07-22 Touloupas View
2188 NPMD 2019-08-28 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
210 117 16 NCBG staff 2012-06-18 View
624 260 30 NCBG staff 2011-04-07 View
625 260 32 NCBG staff 2011-04-07 View
626 260 16 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
4720 2838 8 NCBG staff 1979-10-04 View
4721 2838 8 NCBG staff 1979-10-04 View
6290 3962 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7434 5015 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7955 5441 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
10528 7506 142 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
10529 7506 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11340 8068 27 NCBG staff 2003-11-05 View
12643 9391 226 Wait 2020-06-29 View
12644 9391 227 Wait 2020-06-29 View
12700 9391 16 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12726 9413 146 Wenck 2021-05-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ZIAU
USDA Common Name: Golden Zizia
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
COMMON NAME: Common Golden-Alexanders
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, Il, K, MC, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Moist forests.
COMMENTS: NB west to SK, south to sw. GA, Panhandle FL, and e. TX.
RANGE MAP: Zizia aurea.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004).
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zizia W.D.J. Koch (Zizia)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America.
REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Zizia aurea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zizia aurea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zizia aurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizia aurea

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 25806
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 25806

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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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