SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-03-25
GENUS CODE: ZIZIA GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Zizia GENUS AUTHORITY: W.D.J. Koch GENUS COMMON: Zizia GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.
FAMILY CODE: APIACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Apiaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Carrot Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004). FAMILY REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
INTRO:Erectperennial of moist forests. STEMS: Stems slender, branched above, with longitudinallines, smooth. LEAVES: Leaves basal and alternate on the stem,petiolate (petioles shorter upward), pinnately divided into 3 or 5 lance-shaped to oval leaflets to 3 in. long each, the larger leaflets lobed and all margins toothed; shiny and smooth. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in flat-topped, compound umbels, 2-3 in. wide, terminating stem and branches and consisting of around 12 umbellets each. Flowers stalked, except for the central one in each umbellet; bright yellow; 1/8 in. wide; consisting of 5 incurved petals, 5 protruding stamens and a protruding divided style. FRUITS:Fruit a joined pair of ridged,oval seeds. COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 1-2.5 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY: LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: April-July
BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central N. America HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common golden alexanders produces showy, flat-topped clusters of small, bright yellow flowers in early summer. This plant provides butterflies with both a nectar source and larval food (host plant for Black Swallowtails). It is also attractive to a variety of pollinators. Long-lived, this species is found in rich moist woods, riverbanks, and open meadows. 2012 NC Wildflower of the Year.
Bloom Table Text: Flowering here in North Carolina from April through May, Golden Alexanders bring a deep yellow to our gardens and are a favorite food for the Black Swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. The flowers are attractive to many kinds of insects seeking pollen or nectar. The preference is full to partial sun, although light shade under trees is tolerated. The soil should be moist and loamy, and can contain some rocky material. Habitats include openings in moist to mesic woodlands, often in areas along woodland paths. It adapts readily to habitat restorations as it naturalizes easily.
NCBG Location: Education Center Landscape, Piedmont Habitat, Plant Families Garden
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zizia aurea
COMMON NAME: Common Golden-Alexanders
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, Il, K, MC, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Moist forests.
COMMENTS: NB west to SK, south to sw. GA, Panhandle FL, and e. TX.
RANGE MAP: Zizia aurea.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004). REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Zizia W.D.J. Koch (Zizia) SUMMARY: A genus of about 4 species, herbs, temperate, of North America. REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Cooperrider (1985)=Z.
SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Zizia aurea in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)