Plant Index


 
 
 

Zephyranthes atamasca

Zephyranthes atamasca (L.) Herb.

atamasco lily, common atamasco-lily

Synonym(s): Amaryllis atamasca, Atamosco atamasca
Zephyranthes atamasca (Atamasco Lily)
Image ID: 13134
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ZEAT
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zephyranthes atamasca
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-09

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ZEPHY
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Zephyranthes
GENUS AUTHORITY: Herb.
GENUS COMMON: Zephyrlily
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 70 species, from s. North America and the West Indies south to s. South America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Flagg, Smith, & Flory in FNA (2002a); Meerow & Snijman in Kubitzki (1998a); Hume (1938)=Z. Key adapted in part from FNA.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: AMARYL
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Amaryllidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: J. St. Hilaire 1805
FAMILY COMMON: Amaryllis Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 59 genera and 850 species, nearly cosmopolitan (especially diverse in the tropics).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985); M�ller-Doblies & M�ller-Doblies (1996); Meerow & Snijman in Kubitzki (1998a); Fay & Chase (1996); Rahn in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, and HYPOXIDACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Colony-forming, scapose perennial from a bulb; found in bottomland forests and adjacent road shoulders, wet meadows, and sometimes in upland forests over mafic rocks.
STEMS: Stem usually a single, hollow flowering scape that may be tinged red.
LEAVES: Leaves basal, linear and grass-like, 6-18 in. long, sprawling, shiny and slightly succulent.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flower solitary on the flowering scape, white, 2-4 in. wide, funnel-shaped with 6 spreading tepals that turn pink after pollination, fragrant.
FRUITS: Fruit a more or less round, 3-sectioned capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 6-8 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: May-Jun.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Disturbed, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The Atamasco-lily produces a showy white lily-like flower, three to four inches across, in the springtime. It is seen growing in rich wet woodlands and meadows. Its underground bulb also produces several flat, elongated leaves. The genus Zephyranthes is named after Zephyrus, who according to Greek mythology was the west wind and husband to Chloris, the goddess of flowers.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
116 2012-0089 2012-11-13 117 View
2044 1986-1838 View
2419 1986-2259 View
2495 1986-2352 View
2794 1987-0293 View
3389 1991-0015 View
4337 1992-0493 View
5230 1995-0349 View
5699 1995-0825 View
6386 1995-1518 View
7003 1998-0236 View
7004 1998-0237 View
7712 2001-0066 2001-05-08 View
8536 2006-0105 2006-04-07 View
9444 2021-0103 2021-07-02 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
117 HORT 2011-06-13 Poythress View
1406 HORT 2006-06-02 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
204 116 19 NCBG staff 2012-06-18 View
206 116 17 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
207 116 12 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
209 116 16 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
3300 2044 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4121 2419 141 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4639 2794 8 NCBG staff 1978-10-01 View
5622 3389 6 Stern 1990-04-22 View
6665 4337 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7683 5230 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8213 5699 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9041 6386 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9878 7003 6 NCBG staff 1998-07-08 View
9879 7004 6 Liloia 1998-05-15 View
10900 7712 124 NCBG staff 2001-01-01 View
10901 7712 52 NCBG staff 2001-05-03 View
11745 8536 71 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
12215 8536 71 Liloia 2006-07-10 View
12794 9444 17 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ZEAT
USDA Common Name: Atamasco Lily
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, MD, MS, NC, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zephyranthes atamasco
COMMON NAME: Common Atamasco-lily
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, RAB; = Z. atamasca - FNA, Va, orthographic variant; = Zephyranthes atamasca var. atamasca - K1, K2, WH3; = Atamosco atamasco (Linnaeus) Greene - S]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-Apr; May-Jun.
HABITAT: Bottomland forests and adjacent road shoulders, wet meadows, sometimes in upland forests over mafic rocks.
COMMENTS: Se. and sc. VA south to n. FL, west to s. MS. The correct spelling of the epithet is apparently �atamasco�.
RANGE MAP: Zephyranthes atamasco.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Amaryllidaceae J. St. Hilaire 1805 (Amaryllis Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 59 genera and 850 species, nearly cosmopolitan (especially diverse in the tropics).
REFERENCE: Dahlgren, Clifford, & Yeo (1985); M�ller-Doblies & M�ller-Doblies (1996); Meerow & Snijman in Kubitzki (1998a); Fay & Chase (1996); Rahn in Kubitzki (1998a). [also see AGAVACEAE, ALLIACEAE, and HYPOXIDACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Zephyranthes Herb. (Zephyrlily)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 70 species, from s. North America and the West Indies south to s. South America.
REFERENCE: Flagg, Smith, & Flory in FNA (2002a); Meerow & Snijman in Kubitzki (1998a); Hume (1938)=Z. Key adapted in part from FNA.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Zephyranthes atamasca in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Zephyranthes atamasca in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Zephyranthes atamasca in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Zephyranthes atamasca in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Zephyranthes atamasca in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zephyranthes atamasca

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13134
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9773

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50 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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