Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Viburnum rufidulum

Viburnum rufidulum Raf.

rusty blackhaw, southern black haw

Viburnum rufidulum (Rusty Blackhaw)
Image ID: 18129
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VIRU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum rufidulum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-01-29

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VIBUR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Viburnum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Viburnum
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Leaves vary in shape in some taxa more than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially rapidly-growing vegetative shoots. Petiole length of leaves varies considerably, even with those possessing “short” petioles. However, by measuring only the petioles of the first leaves below an inflorescence one reduces the chances of misidentifications greatly. Warning: even in some of the “long” petioled taxa, one may occasionally encounter unusually short petioles; therefore it is wise to examine several twigs. Density of pubescence and glandularity of leaves, petioles, and inflorescences varies more in some taxa than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially vegetative shoots. Stipitate glands are usually very short, especially those on leaf veins; a 10× lens may not be adequate to see them clearly. It is our belief, based on thousands of specimens examined and years of fieldwork, that most Viburnum tend to lose pubescence, and perhaps glandularity as well, as the season progresses.
GENUS REFERENCES: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: VIBURN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Viburnaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Rafinesque 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Viburnum Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
345 2011-0214 2011-11-01 349 View
3715 1991-0410 View
4597 1992-0753 View
5011 1995-0130 View
5222 1995-0341 View
5547 1995-0670 View
6376 1995-1508 View
6946 1998-0155 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
349 HORT 2004-10-15 Bell View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
838 345 15 Liloia 2011-10-14 View
6021 3715 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6926 4597 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7430 5011 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7675 5222 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8061 5547 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9031 6376 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9810 6946 160 NCBG staff 1998-02-27 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VIRU
USDA Common Name: Rusty Blackhaw
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL FACU UPL FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum rufidulum
COMMON NAME: Southern Black Haw
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Il, K1, K2, RAB, Va, W, WH3, Y, Z; > V. rufidulum - S; > V. rufotomentosum Small]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Dry woodlands, dry-mesic woodlands and forests, especially common over mafic rocks (but not at all restricted to such sites).
COMMENTS: C. VA, OH, IL, and KS south to n. peninsular FL and TX.
RANGE MAP: Viburnum rufidulum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Viburnaceae Rafinesque 1820 (Viburnum Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Viburnum L. (Viburnum)
SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Viburnum rufidulum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Viburnum rufidulum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Viburnum rufidulum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Viburnum rufidulum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Viburnum rufidulum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum rufidulum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18129
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 23359

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 23362
16 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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