Plant Index


 
 
 

Viburnum prunifolium

Viburnum prunifolium L.

smooth blackhaw, black haw, blackhaw, smooth blackhaw

Cultivar(s): Jermyn's Globe
Viburnum prunifolium (Smooth Blackhaw)
Image ID: 19178
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VIPR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum prunifolium
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-23

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1657 Jermyn's Globe View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VIBUR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Viburnum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Viburnum
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Leaves vary in shape in some taxa more than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially rapidly-growing vegetative shoots. Petiole length of leaves varies considerably, even with those possessing “short” petioles. However, by measuring only the petioles of the first leaves below an inflorescence one reduces the chances of misidentifications greatly. Warning: even in some of the “long” petioled taxa, one may occasionally encounter unusually short petioles; therefore it is wise to examine several twigs. Density of pubescence and glandularity of leaves, petioles, and inflorescences varies more in some taxa than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially vegetative shoots. Stipitate glands are usually very short, especially those on leaf veins; a 10× lens may not be adequate to see them clearly. It is our belief, based on thousands of specimens examined and years of fieldwork, that most Viburnum tend to lose pubescence, and perhaps glandularity as well, as the season progresses.
GENUS REFERENCES: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: VIBURN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Viburnaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Rafinesque 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Viburnum Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 25 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: March-April
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This southeastern native small tree has lustrous dark green oval leaves that turn red in fall. The color sets off its blue- black fruits that songbirds and small mammals love. Smooth blackhaw transplants well and is adaptable to a variety of growing conditions. Flowers and fruit are most prolific on specimens planted in full sun. The typical habitat of this species is along woodland edges. The Viburnum genus supports up to 91 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
729 1985-0379 View
1438 1986-1218 View
2908 1987-0444 View
3158 1989-0123 View
3713 1991-0408 View
4595 1992-0751 View
4803 1993-0094 2007-01-22 View
5009 1995-0128 View
5220 1995-0339 View
5545 1995-0668 View
6374 1995-1506 View
7265 1999-0230 1999-12-14 View
7424 2000-0169 2000-04-25 View
7495 2000-0253 2000-08-21 View
7517 2000-0277 2000-09-19 View
8591 2006-0170 2006-08-11 View
8810 2007-0080 2007-03-13 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1471 HORT 2006-10-25 Bryan View
1856 HORT Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1435 729 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1436 729 157 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
1437 729 154 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4819 2908 8 NCBG staff 1985-01-08 View
5301 3158 53 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5302 3158 77 NCBG staff 1990-11-30 View
5303 3158 72 NCBG staff 2007-05-22 View
5304 3158 1 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5305 3158 11 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5306 3158 187 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
6017 3713 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6018 3713 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6924 4595 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7175 4803 137 NCBG staff 1988-01-01 View
7428 5009 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7673 5220 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8059 5545 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9029 6374 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10219 7265 172 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10424 7424 153 NCBG staff 2000-04-19 View
10425 7424 174 NCBG staff 2000-04-19 View
10426 7424 179 NCBG staff 2000-04-19 View
10427 7424 165 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10428 7424 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10517 7495 172 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10554 7517 115 NCBG staff 1999-05-15 View
11781 8591 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12068 8810 70 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VIPR
USDA Common Name: Blackhaw
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum prunifolium
COMMON NAME: Black Haw, Nannyberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, Il, K1, K2, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV, Y, Z; > V. prunifolium var. prunifolium - F, G]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Alluvial forests, other mesic forests.
COMMENTS: NY, MI, WI, IA, and KS south to GA, AL, MS, LA, and TX.
RANGE MAP: Viburnum prunifolium.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Viburnaceae Rafinesque 1820 (Viburnum Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Viburnum L. (Viburnum)
SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Viburnum prunifolium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Viburnum prunifolium in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Viburnum prunifolium in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Viburnum prunifolium in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Viburnum prunifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum prunifolium

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19178
ID IMAGE2: 7363
ID IMAGE3: 19178

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26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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