Plant Index


 
 
 

Viburnum nudum

Viburnum nudum L.

possumhaw, southern wild raisin

Cultivar(s): Winterthur
Viburnum nudum (Possumhaw)
Image ID: 7734
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VINU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum nudum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-18

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1652 Winterthur View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VIBUR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Viburnum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Viburnum
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Leaves vary in shape in some taxa more than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially rapidly-growing vegetative shoots. Petiole length of leaves varies considerably, even with those possessing “short” petioles. However, by measuring only the petioles of the first leaves below an inflorescence one reduces the chances of misidentifications greatly. Warning: even in some of the “long” petioled taxa, one may occasionally encounter unusually short petioles; therefore it is wise to examine several twigs. Density of pubescence and glandularity of leaves, petioles, and inflorescences varies more in some taxa than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially vegetative shoots. Stipitate glands are usually very short, especially those on leaf veins; a 10× lens may not be adequate to see them clearly. It is our belief, based on thousands of specimens examined and years of fieldwork, that most Viburnum tend to lose pubescence, and perhaps glandularity as well, as the season progresses.
GENUS REFERENCES: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: VIBURN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Viburnaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Rafinesque 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Viburnum Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 15 feet

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This SE native shrub has glossy green foliage that is attractive throughout the growing season, followed by red to purple fall color. Possumhaw blooms in late spring, with small creamy white flowers in cymes up to five inches across. Its glossy berries are of high food value to songbirds and small mammals. The fruits are very showy, starting out pink and then turning blue. The typical habitat of this species is moist, open woods and bogs.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
724 1985-0374 View
2239 1986-2061 View
2364 1986-2201 View
2907 1987-0442 View
7291 2000-0026 2000-01-31 View
7610 2000-0373 2000-11-14 View
8054 2004-0062 2004-09-09 View
8240 2004-0265 2006-05-19 View
8277 2004-0313 2007-07-20 View
8314 2005-0030 2005-03-17 View
8437 2005-0511 2005-12-20 View
9053 2000-0273 2000-09-18 1228 View
9250 2019-0009 2019-06-25 0 View
9457 2021-0116 2021-08-19 2457 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
574 SOS 2015-10-19 Heraty View
1228 HORT 1999-05-01 View
2457 HORT 2021-02-26 Stern View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1430 724 198 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3903 2239 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3904 2239 56 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3905 2239 57 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4055 2364 94 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4818 2907 8 NCBG staff 1983-07-07 View
10256 7291 157 NCBG staff 1998-11-30 View
10257 7291 174 NCBG staff 1998-11-30 View
10542 9053 115 NCBG staff 1999-05-15 View
10728 7610 6 Liloia 1967-12-31 View
11319 8054 27 NCBG staff 2003-07-17 View
11515 8240 81 Liloia 2003-07-30 View
11558 8277 170 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View
11591 8314 205 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
12253 8437 45 Liloia 2011-11-14 View
12343 8314 39 Liloia 2011-03-18 View
12373 9250 115 Wenck 2019-03-15 View
12864 9457 237 Wait 2021-04-15 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VINU
USDA Common Name: Possumhaw
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW OBL FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum nudum
COMMON NAME: Southern Wild Raisin, Possumhaw
SYNONYMY: [= G, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Y, Z; = V. nudum var. nudum - C, K1, K2; > V. nudum var. nudum - F; > V. nudum var. angustifolium Torrey & A. Gray - F; < V. nudum - GW)]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Bogs, blackwater floodplains, seepages.
COMMENTS: RI, CT, and NY south to c. peninsular FL, west to TX, inland to w. NC, TN, w. KY, and AR.
RANGE MAP: Viburnum nudum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Viburnaceae Rafinesque 1820 (Viburnum Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Viburnum L. (Viburnum)
SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Viburnum nudum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Viburnum nudum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Viburnum nudum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Viburnum nudum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Viburnum nudum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum nudum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7734
ID IMAGE2: 7736
ID IMAGE3: 4950

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15 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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