Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Viburnum acerifolium

Viburnum acerifolium L.

maple-leaf arrow-wood, dockmackie, mapleleaf viburnum

Viburnum acerifolium (Maple-leaf Arrow-wood)
Image ID: 18112
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VIAC
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum acerifolium
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VIBUR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Viburnum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Viburnum
GENUS SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Leaves vary in shape in some taxa more than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially rapidly-growing vegetative shoots. Petiole length of leaves varies considerably, even with those possessing “short” petioles. However, by measuring only the petioles of the first leaves below an inflorescence one reduces the chances of misidentifications greatly. Warning: even in some of the “long” petioled taxa, one may occasionally encounter unusually short petioles; therefore it is wise to examine several twigs. Density of pubescence and glandularity of leaves, petioles, and inflorescences varies more in some taxa than in others; we have allowed for some of this variation in the key, but readers should expect that some specimens will not key cleanly, especially vegetative shoots. Stipitate glands are usually very short, especially those on leaf veins; a 10× lens may not be adequate to see them clearly. It is our belief, based on thousands of specimens examined and years of fieldwork, that most Viburnum tend to lose pubescence, and perhaps glandularity as well, as the season progresses.
GENUS REFERENCES: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: VIBURN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Viburnaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Rafinesque 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Viburnum Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 5-6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub, Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late Apr-early Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Cream-white flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The Maple-leaf Arrow-wood is a native viburnum that produces many small flowers in flat heads in mid-June. Its flowers mature into blue-black berries that are relished as a food source by a variety of birds. The Maple-leaf Arrow-wood has light green leaves, similar in shape to those of a maple, for much of the growing season. In the fall, the leaves turn pink-purple. This species is particularly nice for shady gardens since it produces good fall color even without much sunlight.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
351 2011-0223 2011-11-04 355 View
3712 1991-0407 View
4594 1992-0750 View
5008 1995-0127 View
5219 1995-0338 View
5544 1995-0667 View
6373 1995-1505 View
7409 2000-0152 2000-04-06 View
8053 2004-0061 2004-09-09 View
8122 2004-0130 View
8610 2006-0192 2006-08-18 View
9279 2020-0026 2020-07-15 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
355 HORT 2008-08-28 Poythress View
1430 HORT 2006-11-10 Bryan View
1443 HORT 2006-08-14 Bryan View
1755 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
852 351 23 Steen 2011-11-03 View
853 351 12 Steen 2011-11-03 View
854 351 15 Steen 2011-11-03 View
855 351 45 Neal 2011-11-14 View
6016 3712 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6923 4594 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7427 5008 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7672 5219 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8058 5544 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9028 6373 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10405 7409 171 NCBG staff 2000-04-03 View
11317 8053 27 Liloia 2003-07-17 View
11318 8053 130 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11374 8122 160 NCBG staff 2001-10-01 View
11802 8610 139 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12409 9279 180 MacIntyre 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VIAC
USDA Common Name: Mapleleaf Viburnum
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub, Subshrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU UPL UPL UPL UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viburnum acerifolium
COMMON NAME: Mapleleaf Viburnum, Dockmackie
SYNONYMY: [= C, G, Il, K2, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Y; > V. acerifolium var. acerifolium - F, Z; > V. acerifolium Linnaeus var. glabrescens Rehder - F, Z; > V. acerifolium var. densiflorum (Chapman) McAtee - Z; > V. acerifolium var. ovatum (Rehder) McAtee - Z]
PHENOLOGY: Late Apr-early Jun; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Mesic to dry forests and woodlands.
COMMENTS: NB, ON, and WI south to Panhandle FL and TX.
RANGE MAP: Viburnum acerifolium.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Viburnaceae Rafinesque 1820 (Viburnum Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 5 genera and about 175-210 species, shrubs, small trees, and herbs (here interpreted as including Sambucus and Viburnum), mainly of the Northern Hemisphere. There now appears to be little doubt that Sambucus and Viburnum are more naturally placed in a separate family, in contrast to their traditional placement in the Caprifoliaceae (Zhang et al. 2003, Eriksson & Donoghue 1997). The correct name for that segregate family has been in dispute, but the failure of a super-conservation proposal for Adoxaceae means that Viburnaceae is the correct name (Wilson 2016).
REFERENCE: Backlund & Bittrich in Kadereit & Bittrich (2016); Ferguson (1966a); Wilson (2016).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Viburnum L. (Viburnum)
SUMMARY: (contributed by B.A. Sorrie & A.S. Weakley)
REFERENCE: Clement et al. (2014); McAtee (1956)=Z; Ferguson (1966a)=Y; Weckman et al. (2002); Winkworth & Donoghue (2005).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Viburnum acerifolium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Viburnum acerifolium in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Viburnum acerifolium in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Viburnum acerifolium in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Viburnum acerifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum acerifolium

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18112
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19174

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12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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