Synonym(s): Phaethusa occidentalis
Image ID: 9745
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Verbesina occidentalis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25
GENUS CODE: VERBE2 GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Verbesina GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Crownbeard GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200-300 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Strother in FNA (2006c); Olsen (1979)=Z; Coleman (1966)=Y; Cronquist (1980)=SE.
FAMILY CODE: ASTERA FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Asteraceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution. FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
INTRO:Erectperennial found in forests, woodlands, pastures, and roadsides, especially abundant in alluvial areas or upslope over mafic or calcareous rocks. STEMS: Stems 4-winged, branched in inflorescence,smooth below and minutely hairy above. LEAVES: Leaves opposite, on winged petioles, broadly oval, 2 1/2-9 in. long, shallowly toothed and hairy beneath. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS:Composite flowers (heads) in a large, open, branching terminal cluster; heads to 2 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 1-5 bright yellow ray florets (to 3/4 in. long each) encircling a domed center disk of greenish-yellow, tubular florets. FRUITS:Fruit a sphericalhead of achenes (lacking wings). COMMENTS: Note the similarity to Verbesina alternifolia, which has alternate leaves and often more ray florets. HEIGHT: 3-10 ft. DURATION:
Alternate, Opposite LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Sep
BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
FRUITING PERIOD: DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Southern crownbeard is a large perennial that develops winged stems that can reach well over 6 feet long and support large, oppositely arranged leaves. In late summer it forms bright yellow ray flowers around a disk, but these are often sparse and not uniformly distributed giving it a jaunty appearance. Southern crownbeard makes a great addition to any wildflower meadow and can be used effectively in the back of a perennial border. The genus Verbesina supports up to 16 lepidoptera species.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Verbesina occidentalis
COMMON NAME: Southern Crownbeard
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, Il, K, RAB, SE, Va, WH3, WV; = Phaethusa occidentalis (Linnaeus) Britton - S]
HABITAT: Forests, woodlands, pastures, and roadsides, especially abundant in alluvial areas or upslope over mafic or calcareous rocks.
COMMENTS: MD west to OH and MO, south to Panhandle FL and MS.
RANGE MAP: Verbesina occidentalis.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution. REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Verbesina L. (Crownbeard) SUMMARY: A genus of about 200-300 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate America. REFERENCE: Strother in FNA (2006c); Olsen (1979)=Z; Coleman (1966)=Y; Cronquist (1980)=SE.
SERNEC: Find Verbesina occidentalis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Verbesina occidentalis in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)