Plant Index


 
 
 

Vaccinium pallidum

Vaccinium pallidum Aiton

early lowbush blueberry, blue ridge blueberry, dryland blueberry, hillside blueberry

Synonym(s): Cyanococcus liparis, Cyanococcus pallidus, Cyanococcus subcordatus, Cyanococcus tallapusae, Cyanococcus vacillans
Vaccinium pallidum (Early Lowbush Blueberry)
Image ID: 18036
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: VAPA4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Vaccinium pallidum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: VACCI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Vaccinium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Blueberry
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 140 species, shrubs, lianes, and small trees, semicosmopolitan. Vaccinium in our area is divided into 6 strongly differentiated sections, sometimes, as by Small, treated as separate genera. The taxonomy of Vaccinium remains unclear – past divergence of opinion is obvious in the synonymy. For instance, Small (1933) recognizes 6 genera and 25 species for our area, Ahles in RAB (1968) recognizes 1 genus and 14 species (one with 2 varieties) (not including VA), and Vander Kloet (1988) recognizes 1 genus and 9 species. The highbush blueberries of section Cyanococcus are particularly difficult. Vander Kloets extremely broad concept of the highbush blueberries as consisting of a single species, V. corymbosum, including V. fuscatum (V. atrococcum – RAB), V. simulatum (V. constablaei – RAB), V. virgatum (V. amoenum – RAB), V. elliottii, V. formosum (V. australe), and V. caesariense (and many other named taxa not recognized here) has been adopted by some recent authors, at least partly for its ease of application. I agree with Godfrey (1988), though, that V. elliottii has such distinctiveness as to be recognizable in the field at a glance. The other taxa are less easily recognizable, but seem to have substantial morphological and phytogeographic integrity. The fairly frequent presence of hybrid individuals and populations can make identification frustrating, but I agree with Ward (1974) that the genus Vaccinium ... is difficult but not in any way an irresolvable tangle of intergrading populations. The vast bulk of individuals encountered in the field may be assigned, as with any non-apomict genus, to a relatively few, discrete, and wholly recognizable species. Many of the taxa included in V. corymbosum by Vander Kloet (1988) and Luteyn et al. (1996) occur together in combinations of two to four, are immediately recognizable in the field, bloom at different times, and have different flower, fruit, and leaf morphology. Failure to recognize multiple entities within the highbush blueberries results in the taxonomic homogenization of the diversity of the group and obscures important phytogeographic patterns. Our area, with 20 species (24 taxa) in 6 sections, has a greater diversity of Vaccinium than any other comparably sized area in North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Vander Kloet (1988)=Z; Uttal (1987)=Y; Camp (1945)=X; Ashe (1931)=V; Ward (1974)=Q; Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Vander Kloet in FNA (2009); Vander Kloet & Hall (1981); Vander Kloet (1977, 1978a, 1978b, 1980, 1982, 1983a, 1983b); Uttal (1986a, 1986b); Smith et al. (2015)=D; Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004). Key based in part on Uttal (1987).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ERICAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Heath Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub, Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
41 2015-0003 2015-04-10 43 View
332 2011-0199 2011-09-02 336 View
2032 1986-1826 View
3740 1991-0435 View
4569 1992-0725 View
5005 1995-0124 View
5214 1995-0333 View
5612 1995-0736 View
6365 1995-1497 View
7769 2001-0125 2001-06-21 View
7900 2002-0045 2002-05-31 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
43 HORT 2010-06-13 Poythress View
336 HORT Poythress View
1616 HORT 2005-08-01 Lewandowski View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
53 41 15 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
54 41 18 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
795 332 102 Liloia 2011-12-06 View
796 332 12 Heiney 2011-12-06 View
3274 2032 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
6047 3740 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6898 4569 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7424 5005 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7667 5214 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8126 5612 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9020 6365 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10972 7769 51 NCBG staff 1987-01-01 View
11131 7900 118 NCBG staff 2002-05-07 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: VAPA4
USDA Common Name: Blue Ridge Blueberry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Shrub

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Vaccinium pallidum
COMMON NAME: Hillside Blueberry, Dryland Blueberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, K, L, Pa, Va, W, WV, Y, Z; > V. vacillans Torrey var. vacillans - F; > V. vacillans var. crinitum Fernald - F; > V. pallidum - F, G, X; < V. pallidum - FNA; > V. vacillans - G, X; > V. pallidum var. pallidum - Il; > V. pallidum var. crinitum (Fernald) Mohlenbrock - Il; = V. vacillans Kalm ex Torrey - RAB; > Cyanococcus pallidus (Aiton) Small - S; > Cyanococcus vacillans (Kalm ex Torrey) Rydberg - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Forested slopes, usually rather xeric.
COMMENTS: Widespread in e. United States, V. pallidum is centered in the Appalachians and Ozarks. Vander Kloet (1978, 1988) and Uttal (1987) do not favor Camps (1945) separation of V. pallidum and V. vacillans. If the two taxa are combined (as here), V. pallidum has nomenclatural priority. V. pallidum is primarily diploid. See V. altomontanum for discussion of its relationship to V. pallidum.
RANGE MAP: Vaccinium pallidum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Heath Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Vaccinium L. (Blueberry)
SUMMARY: A genus of 140 species, shrubs, lianes, and small trees, semicosmopolitan. Vaccinium in our area is divided into 6 strongly differentiated sections, sometimes, as by Small, treated as separate genera. The taxonomy of Vaccinium remains unclear – past divergence of opinion is obvious in the synonymy. For instance, Small (1933) recognizes 6 genera and 25 species for our area, Ahles in RAB (1968) recognizes 1 genus and 14 species (one with 2 varieties) (not including VA), and Vander Kloet (1988) recognizes 1 genus and 9 species. The highbush blueberries of section Cyanococcus are particularly difficult. Vander Kloets extremely broad concept of the highbush blueberries as consisting of a single species, V. corymbosum, including V. fuscatum (V. atrococcum – RAB), V. simulatum (V. constablaei – RAB), V. virgatum (V. amoenum – RAB), V. elliottii, V. formosum (V. australe), and V. caesariense (and many other named taxa not recognized here) has been adopted by some recent authors, at least partly for its ease of application. I agree with Godfrey (1988), though, that V. elliottii has such distinctiveness as to be recognizable in the field at a glance. The other taxa are less easily recognizable, but seem to have substantial morphological and phytogeographic integrity. The fairly frequent presence of hybrid individuals and populations can make identification frustrating, but I agree with Ward (1974) that the genus Vaccinium ... is difficult but not in any way an irresolvable tangle of intergrading populations. The vast bulk of individuals encountered in the field may be assigned, as with any non-apomict genus, to a relatively few, discrete, and wholly recognizable species. Many of the taxa included in V. corymbosum by Vander Kloet (1988) and Luteyn et al. (1996) occur together in combinations of two to four, are immediately recognizable in the field, bloom at different times, and have different flower, fruit, and leaf morphology. Failure to recognize multiple entities within the highbush blueberries results in the taxonomic homogenization of the diversity of the group and obscures important phytogeographic patterns. Our area, with 20 species (24 taxa) in 6 sections, has a greater diversity of Vaccinium than any other comparably sized area in North America.
REFERENCE: Vander Kloet (1988)=Z; Uttal (1987)=Y; Camp (1945)=X; Ashe (1931)=V; Ward (1974)=Q; Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Vander Kloet in FNA (2009); Vander Kloet & Hall (1981); Vander Kloet (1977, 1978a, 1978b, 1980, 1982, 1983a, 1983b); Uttal (1986a, 1986b); Smith et al. (2015)=D; Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004). Key based in part on Uttal (1987).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Vaccinium pallidum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Vaccinium pallidum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Vaccinium pallidum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Vaccinium pallidum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Vaccinium pallidum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vaccinium pallidum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18036
ID IMAGE2: 18037
ID IMAGE3: 28319

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 18037

Image ID: 18038

Image ID: 18039

Image ID: 28319

Image ID: 28320

Image ID: 28325

Image ID: 28326

Image ID: 28327

Image ID: 12174
10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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