Plant Index


 
 
 

Uniola paniculata

Uniola paniculata L.

sea oats

Uniola paniculata (Sea Oats)
Image ID: 19741
Image by: Dakar, Jacob
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: UNPA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Uniola paniculata
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-02-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: UNIOL
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Uniola
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Seaoats
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species. The only other species of the genus ranges from Baja California south along the Pacific Ocean to Ecuador; other species previously treated in Uniola have been shown to be only distantly related and are now treated as Chasmanthium.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Yates in FNA (2003a); Yates (1966a, 1966b)=Z. [also see Chasmanthium]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: POACEA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Poaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Grass Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
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COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Nov
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
540 SOS 2015-10-13 Driskill View
635 SOS 2015-11-04 Heraty View
746 SOS 2016-09-22 Faucette View
763 SOS 2016-09-28 Flood View
766 SOS 2016-09-29 Walker View
895 SOS 2016-11-17 Faucette View
942 SOS 2017-10-09 Faucette View
949 SOS 2017-10-11 Dakar View


USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: UNPA
USDA Common Name: Seaoats
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DE, FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Uniola paniculata
COMMON NAME: Sea Oats
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, HC, K, RAB, S, Va, WH3, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Abundant on unforested primary and secondary dunes on barrier islands, and on dry to mesic sand flats and interdune swales.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to FL and west to TX and Mexico; West Indies. This is the most important sand-binding grass on ocean dunes from NC south, playing a critical role in primary succession on dunes.
RANGE MAP: Uniola paniculata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Uniola L. (Seaoats)
SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species. The only other species of the genus ranges from Baja California south along the Pacific Ocean to Ecuador; other species previously treated in Uniola have been shown to be only distantly related and are now treated as Chasmanthium.
REFERENCE: Yates in FNA (2003a); Yates (1966a, 1966b)=Z. [also see Chasmanthium]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Uniola paniculata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Uniola paniculata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Uniola paniculata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Uniola paniculata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Uniola paniculata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Uniola paniculata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19741
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

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28 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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