Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Ulmus alata

Ulmus alata Michx.

winged elm, wahoo

Cultivar(s): Lace Parasol
Ulmus alata (Winged Elm)
Image ID: 17954
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ULAL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ulmus alata
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-29

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
64 Lace Parasol View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ULMUS
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Ulmus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Elm
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 25-30 species, trees (rarely shrubs), of temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere (most diverse in c. and n. Asia).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Sherman-Broyles in FNA (1997); Wiegrefe, Sytsma, & Guries (1994); Kurz & Godfrey (1962)=Z; Todzia in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). Key adapted in part from FNA.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ULMACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ulmaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: De Mirbel 1815
FAMILY COMMON: Elm Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As here circumscribed (excluding Celtis and relatives), a family of 6-7 genera and about 35 species, of temperate, subtropical, and boreal Northern Hemisphere, rarely extending into the Southern Hemisphere). Zavada & Kim (1996) discuss compelling reasons to remove Celtis from the Ulmaceae.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Sherman-Broyles, Barker, & Schulz in FNA (1997); Zavada & Kim (1996); Todzia in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see CANNABACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) gray or reddish-brown, glabrous or glabrate or pubescent, pilose or puberulent. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous or pubescent, winged or without special surface features. Leaf scars crescent-shaped or half-round or triangular, bundle scars 3(–6) per leaf scar, stipule scars present or inconspicuous, stipule scars not circumferential. Bark of mature trunks furrowed or ridged. Buds axillary, brown or reddish-brown, (1–)2–5 mm long, ovoid, blunt or sharp, glabrous or glabrate or pubescent, puberulent, bud scales imbricate.
LEAVES: Leaves deciduous, simple, petiolate or nearly sessile, alternate, distichous, 3–8(–11) cm long, 0.6–4 cm wide, falcate or lanceolate or oblanceloate or obovate or oval or ovate, leaf margins doubly serrate, leaf apices acuminate or acute, leaf bases cordate or cuneate or oblique or rounded. Leaf upper surface green, glabrous or glabrate. Leaf lower surface green, pubescent or with tufts in vein axils. Leaf venation pinnate. Petioles 0.1–0.8 cm long, pubescent. Stipules present, 20–25 mm long, caducous, not circumferential.
INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescences axillary, racemes, flowers stalked.
FLOWERS: Flowers bisexual, hypogynous. Perianth. Calyx radially symmetric, synsepalous. Sepals 5(–9) per flower, brown or green, ovate, sepal apices rounded, persistent. Corolla absent. Androecium. Stamens 5 per flower. Gynoecium. Ovaries superior, pistils 1 per flower. Gynoecium syncarpous, 2 carpels per flower, styles 2 per pistil, placentation apical.
FRUITS: Fruits samaras, 0.6–1 cm long, gray or tan, fruit maturation 1 years.
COMMENTS: Twigs often with corky wings; lateral leaf veins typically straight and parallel to one another.
HEIGHT: (5–)10–20(–35) m tall

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: January or February or March.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Mar-Apr.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
241 2011-0034 2011-01-28 243 View
1119 1985-0864 View
3831 1991-0526 View
4490 1992-0646 View
4900 1995-0018 View
5210 1995-0329 View
5868 1995-0996 View
6358 1995-1490 View
7306 2000-0042 2000-02-02 View
8781 2007-0051 2007-03-14 View
8794 2007-0064 2007-03-14 View
8876 2011-0253 2011-11-30 1886 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
243 HORT 2011-01-01 Gocke View
1886 HORT 2011-01-01 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
986 8876 43 NCBG staff 2011-01-01 View
2019 1119 167 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2020 1119 154 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2021 1119 155 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2022 1119 159 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2023 1119 177 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6140 3831 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6818 4490 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7319 4900 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7663 5210 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8383 5868 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
9013 6358 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10275 7306 116 NCBG staff 1999-07-01 View
12033 8781 70 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12046 8794 70 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ULAL
USDA Common Name: Winged Elm
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ulmus alata
COMMON NAME: Winged Elm
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Feb-Mar; Mar-Apr.
HABITAT: Rock outcrops, dry and mesic forests and woodlands, bottomlands, old fields, disturbed areas.
COMMENTS: N. VA west to MO, south to c. peninsular FL and c. TX.
RANGE MAP: Ulmus alata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ulmaceae De Mirbel 1815 (Elm Family)
SUMMARY: As here circumscribed (excluding Celtis and relatives), a family of 6-7 genera and about 35 species, of temperate, subtropical, and boreal Northern Hemisphere, rarely extending into the Southern Hemisphere). Zavada & Kim (1996) discuss compelling reasons to remove Celtis from the Ulmaceae.
REFERENCE: Sherman-Broyles, Barker, & Schulz in FNA (1997); Zavada & Kim (1996); Todzia in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see CANNABACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Ulmus L. (Elm)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 25-30 species, trees (rarely shrubs), of temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere (most diverse in c. and n. Asia).
REFERENCE: Sherman-Broyles in FNA (1997); Wiegrefe, Sytsma, & Guries (1994); Kurz & Godfrey (1962)=Z; Todzia in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). Key adapted in part from FNA.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Ulmus alata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Ulmus alata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Ulmus alata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Ulmus alata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Ulmus alata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ulmus alata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 17954
ID IMAGE2: 17955
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 17955

Image ID: 17956

Image ID: 39653

Image ID: 39654

Image ID: 39655

Image ID: 12155
7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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