Image ID: 17951
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha latifolia
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-10
GENUS CODE: TYPHA GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Typha GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Cattail GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 8-13 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Ward (2007a)=Z; Smith in FNA (2000); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). Key adapted from FNA.
FAMILY CODE: TYPHAC FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Typhaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Cattail Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera with 16-30 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. The combination of the traditional families Typhaceae and Sparaganiaceae is controversial; while there is no doubt of their sister relationship, they are amply distinct and arguably best and conservatively retained as separate families. FAMILY REFERENCE: Kaul in FNA (2000); Smith in FNA (2000); Thieret & Luken (1996); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). [including SPARGANIACEAE]
INTRO:Emergentaquaticperennial of fresh waters of ponds, lakes, ditches and marshes, including tidal freshwater marshes. Forms dense colonies. STEMS: Stems stout, stiff, unbranched. LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal,alternate and overlapping, with a sheathingbase,linear, to 10 ft. long and no more than 1 in. wide, loosely twisted, more or less flat, smooth. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in a cylindridal terminalspike broken into 2 sections without a gap between, the lower all female (pistillate) flowers and to 7 in. long, and the upper all male (staminate) flowers and also to 7 in. long. The tiny flowers are densely packed, the female ones starting out pale green and becoming dark brown, the male ones yellowish-brown. FRUITS:Fruit numerous minute nutlets tufted with fluffy tawny hairs. Photo here shows plants with mature fruit. COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 5-10 ft. DURATION:
Basal LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION:
Evergreen FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
BLOOM COLOR: Green or greenish-yellow and brown
FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Nov. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic
NATIVE RANGE: North America & Mexico HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The cat-tail is an often overlooked yet fascinating plant. What we call the cat-tail is the brown portion that holds thousands of hairs attached to seeds. During the summer, the flower was green and contained the female parts, while a spike at the top, which can still be observed, was covered with male parts releasing pollen. As the female reproductive parts are pollinated they turn from green to dark brown and the seeds develop. The seeds mature by the fall and are released in the winter. Interestingly almost every part of the cat-tail was used by Native Americans as food except for the mature, brown cat-tails, which are used by the cat-tail moth for food and shelter.
Bloom Table Text:
Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha latifolia
COMMON NAME: Common Cattail
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Fresh waters of ponds, lakes, ditches, marshes, including in tidal freshwater marshes.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) west to AK, south to FL, TX, CA, and Mexico; Central America; South America; Eurasia.
RANGE MAP: Typha latifolia.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Typhaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Cattail Family) SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera with 16-30 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. The combination of the traditional families Typhaceae and Sparaganiaceae is controversial; while there is no doubt of their sister relationship, they are amply distinct and arguably best and conservatively retained as separate families. REFERENCE: Kaul in FNA (2000); Smith in FNA (2000); Thieret & Luken (1996); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). [including SPARGANIACEAE]ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Typha L. (Cattail) SUMMARY: A genus of 8-13 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. REFERENCE: Ward (2007a)=Z; Smith in FNA (2000); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). Key adapted from FNA.
SERNEC: Find Typha latifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Typha latifolia in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)