Plant Index


 
 
 

Typha angustifolia

Typha angustifolia L.

narrowleaf cattail

Typha angustifolia (Narrowleaf Cattail)
Image ID: 25889
Image by: Dakar, Jacob
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: TYAN
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha angustifolia
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-10

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: TYPHA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Typha
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Cattail
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 8-13 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Ward (2007a)=Z; Smith in FNA (2000); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). Key adapted from FNA.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: TYPHAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Typhaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Cattail Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera with 16-30 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. The combination of the traditional families Typhaceae and Sparaganiaceae is controversial; while there is no doubt of their sister relationship, they are amply distinct and arguably best and conservatively retained as separate families.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Kaul in FNA (2000); Smith in FNA (2000); Thieret & Luken (1996); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). [including SPARGANIACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Emergent aquatic perennial of brackish to fresh waters of marshes and swamps, usually tidal, and also inland in non-tidal wetlands (where it is probably introduced); often forming colonies.
STEMS: Stems stout, stiff, unbranched.
LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal, alternate and overlapping, with sheathing base and small lobes where sheath meets blade, linear, 1 1/2-5 ft. long and no more than 1/2 in. wide, with the inner surface flat to slightly concave.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a cylindridal terminal spike broken into 2 sections, the lower part all female (pistillate) flowers and the upper (separated by a gap) all male (staminate) flowers. The tiny flowers are densely packed, the female ones starting out pale green and becoming dark brown, the male ones yellowish-brown.
FRUITS: Fruit numerous minute nutlets with fluffy white tufts.
COMMENTS: The similar T. domingensis is infrequently found in similar habitats. Its leaves mostly lack the lobes at the junction of blade and sheath; the pistillate portion of the spike is light cinnamon-brown at maturity rather than dark brown.
HEIGHT: 3-5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Green and brown
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2029 1986-1823 View
2358 1986-2195 View
2403 1986-2241 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
427 SOS 2015-08-06 Maynard View
438 SOS 2015-08-17 Heraty View
443 SOS 2015-08-18 Dakar View
450 SOS 2015-08-18 Driskill View
490 SOS 2015-09-10 Driskill View
707 SOS 2016-09-29 Faucette View
711 SOS 2016-09-08 Dakar View
715 SOS 2016-09-19 Walker View
720 SOS 2016-09-20 Healy View
723 SOS 2016-09-21 Healy View
736 SOS 2016-09-21 Dakar View
738 SOS 2016-09-21 Dakar View
745 SOS 2016-09-22 Faucette View
749 SOS 2016-09-22 Dakar View
751 SOS 2016-09-28 Dakar View
777 SOS 2016-10-04 Dakar View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3270 2029 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4048 2358 81 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4100 2403 141 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: TYAN
USDA Common Name: Narrowleaf Cattail
Native Status: L48 (NI), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Typha angustifolia
COMMON NAME: Narrowleaf Cattail
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z; < T. angustifolia - S (also see T. domingensis)]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Nov.
HABITAT: Brackish to fresh waters of marshes and swamps, usually tidal, and also inland in non-tidal wetlands (where probably only introduced).
COMMENTS: NS west to ND, south to SC, FL (?), LA, and TX (?); Eurasia. Stuckey & Salamon (1987) consider T. angustifolia an invasive alien in North America, but later studies suggest that it was native at least in coastal areas of ne. and Mid-Atlantic North America, and has expanded its range westward in recent decades (Shih & Finkelstein 2008).
RANGE MAP: Typha angustifolia.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Typhaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Cattail Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera with 16-30 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan. The combination of the traditional families Typhaceae and Sparaganiaceae is controversial; while there is no doubt of their sister relationship, they are amply distinct and arguably best and conservatively retained as separate families.
REFERENCE: Kaul in FNA (2000); Smith in FNA (2000); Thieret & Luken (1996); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). [including SPARGANIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Typha L. (Cattail)
SUMMARY: A genus of 8-13 species, wetland herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Ward (2007a)=Z; Smith in FNA (2000); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (1998b). Key adapted from FNA.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Typha angustifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Typha angustifolia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Typha angustifolia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Typha angustifolia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Typha angustifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Typha angustifolia

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 25889
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


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