Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Trillium catesbaei

Trillium catesbaei Elliott

catesby’s trillium, bashful trillium, bashful wakerobin, rosy wake-robin

Trillium catesbaei (Catesby’s Trillium)
Image ID: 19422
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: TRCA11
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trillium catesbaei
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-03

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: TRILL
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Trillium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Trillium
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 50 species, of e. North America, w. North America, and e. Asia (especially se. North America). The genus Trillium in our area is difficult and complex. Trillium is now usually separated from the Liliaceae (along with Eurasian genera such as Paris) into the Trilliaceae (Zomlefer 1996, Kato et al. 1995, Kawano & Kato 1995, and others) or less drastically as part of the Melanthiaceae (Chase et al. 2000; Tamura et al. 2004). The traditonal division of the genus into two well-marked subgenera, subgenus Trillium, the pedicellate trilliums, and subgenus Sessilium (formerly often called Phyllantherum; see Reveal & Gandhi [2014]), the sessile-flowered trilliums, has been partly supported by molecular and morphological phylogenetic studies (Kawano & Kato 1995, Kato et al. 1995). These studies support the monophyly of subgenus Sessilium, but suggest that subgenus Trillium consists of several groups which are only rather distantly related (Kawano & Kato 1995, Kazempour Osaloo et al. 1999; Farmer & Schilling 2002).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Teratological forms are frequent in some species, as, for instance, leaves, sepals, and stamens in 2s or 4s, petals sepaloid, or sepals petaloid, and so forth. What are called “leaves” in Trillium are actually interpreted as bracts by some. Most species are slow-growing perennials; seedlings, juveniles, and depauperate or tired plants are one-leaved (monilliums), recognizable by the similar color, texture and venation of the single leaf to the three leaves of mature plants. In some species, such as T. undulatum and taxa of the T. pusillum complex, individual plants remain in the single-leaf stage for long periods of time, and populations may consist largely of juvenile plants.
GENUS REFERENCES: Patrick (1986)=Z; Patrick (2007)=V; Freeman (1975)=Y; Case & Case 1997=X; Patrick in Wofford (1989); Case in FNA (2002a); Mitchell (1990); Kato et al. (1995); Kawano & Kato (1995); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Zomlefer (1996); Farmer & Schilling (2002). Key adapted from Patrick (1986, 2007), unpublished keys of J.D. Freeman and S. Farmer, and other sources.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: TRILLI
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Trilliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1846
FAMILY COMMON: Trillium Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 5 genera and about 80 species, perennial herbs, of temperate Northern Hemisphere. The Trilliaceae is clearly monophyletic and strongly characterized morphologically, scarcely resembling its sibling groups; its recognition as a family seems well-warranted.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Farmer & Schilling (2002).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of bottomland forests, moist slopes and cove forests.
STEMS: Stems single from an underground rhizome, unbranched, green to purplish, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves a whorl of 3 at top of stem, short-petiolate, elliptic, to 6 in. long.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flower solitary, held below leaves on stalk emerging from center of leaf whorl; pink (rarely white); about 1 1/2 in. wide; consisting of 3 narrow, green-tinged-with-pink sepals, 3 wider and strongly recurved petals, 6 yellow stamens (twisted) and a white ovary.
FRUITS: Fruit a greenish-white, oval, berry-like pod.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 10-18 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Whorled
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-early Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
193 2011-0004 2011-01-04 192 View
2650 1987-0098 View
3149 1989-0114 View
3397 1991-0026 View
4173 1992-0329 View
5003 1995-0122 View
5208 1995-0327 View
6353 1995-1485 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
192 HORT 2008-05-05 Keith View
1560 HORT 2005-08-04 Lewandowski View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
376 193 25 Heiney 2011-03-29 View
377 193 24 Wenck 2011-04-07 View
4437 2650 81 NCBG staff 1986-11-22 View
5286 3149 75 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5634 3397 78 NCBG staff 1990-05-30 View
6501 4173 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7422 5003 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7661 5208 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9008 6353 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: TRCA11
USDA Common Name: Bashful Wakerobin
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, GA, MD, NC, SC, TN)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trillium catesbaei
COMMON NAME: Catesby's Trillium, Bashful Trillium, Rosy Wake-robin
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, RAB, S, Tn, V, W, X, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-early Jun; Jul-Aug.
HABITAT: Bottomland forests, mesic slopes, cove forests.
COMMENTS: Nc. NC south to sw. GA and se. AL, north in the interior to n. AL and se. TN, centered in the Piedmont from NC to GA, but extending into the Mountains and Coastal Plain. This species is morphologically and genetically complex and may include several semi-crypti taxa. Petals white to pink.
RANGE MAP: Trillium catesbaei.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Trilliaceae Lindley 1846 (Trillium Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 5 genera and about 80 species, perennial herbs, of temperate Northern Hemisphere. The Trilliaceae is clearly monophyletic and strongly characterized morphologically, scarcely resembling its sibling groups; its recognition as a family seems well-warranted.
REFERENCE: Farmer & Schilling (2002).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Trillium L. (Trillium)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 50 species, of e. North America, w. North America, and e. Asia (especially se. North America). The genus Trillium in our area is difficult and complex. Trillium is now usually separated from the Liliaceae (along with Eurasian genera such as Paris) into the Trilliaceae (Zomlefer 1996, Kato et al. 1995, Kawano & Kato 1995, and others) or less drastically as part of the Melanthiaceae (Chase et al. 2000; Tamura et al. 2004). The traditonal division of the genus into two well-marked subgenera, subgenus Trillium, the pedicellate trilliums, and subgenus Sessilium (formerly often called Phyllantherum; see Reveal & Gandhi [2014]), the sessile-flowered trilliums, has been partly supported by molecular and morphological phylogenetic studies (Kawano & Kato 1995, Kato et al. 1995). These studies support the monophyly of subgenus Sessilium, but suggest that subgenus Trillium consists of several groups which are only rather distantly related (Kawano & Kato 1995, Kazempour Osaloo et al. 1999; Farmer & Schilling 2002).
REFERENCE: Patrick (1986)=Z; Patrick (2007)=V; Freeman (1975)=Y; Case & Case 1997=X; Patrick in Wofford (1989); Case in FNA (2002a); Mitchell (1990); Kato et al. (1995); Kawano & Kato (1995); Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Zomlefer (1996); Farmer & Schilling (2002). Key adapted from Patrick (1986, 2007), unpublished keys of J.D. Freeman and S. Farmer, and other sources.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Trillium catesbaei in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Trillium catesbaei in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Trillium catesbaei in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Trillium catesbaei in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Trillium catesbaei in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Trillium catesbaei

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19422
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9676

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