Plant Index


 
 
 

Thalictrum thalictroides

Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & B. Boivin

windflower, rue anemone, rue-anemone

Synonym(s): Anemonella thalictroides, Syndesmon thalictroides
Thalictrum thalictroides (Windflower)
Image ID: 9639
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: THTH2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thalictrum thalictroides
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-03

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: THALI2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Thalictrum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Meadow-rue
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 330 species, perennial herbs, of Eurasia, North America, South America, and Africa. Ro & McPheron (1997) corroborate via molecular phylogeny that Anemonella should be included in Thalictrum; in fact, T. thalictroides appears to form a basal subclade in Thalictrum with T. clavatum (and presumably T. mirabile).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Thalictrum thalictroides is superficially similar to Enemion biternatum, but can be distinguished by the following characters: fruit an achene (vs. fruit a follicle), petaloid sepals 5-10 (vs. 5).
GENUS REFERENCES: Park & Festerling in FNA (1997); Park (1992)=Z; Ro & McPheron (1997); Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: RANUNC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ranunculaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Buttercup Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 62 genera and 2450 species, herbs, shrubs, and vines, primarily of temperate and boreal regions. Classsification of subfamilies and tribes follows Wang et al. (2009). Subfamilies and tribes follow Wang et al. (2009).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Whittemore & Parfitt in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Keener (1977); Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see HYDRASTIDACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Delicate, erect perennial of moist upland forests and well-drained floodplain forests; in the Coastal Plain, somewhat restricted to base-rich soils.
STEMS: Stems slender, smooth and often tinged with purple.
LEAVES: Leaves few, 2-3 times divided into 3, the leaflets bluntly 3-toothed; green and smooth above, pale beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers 1-6 in a small terminal umbel, white, 3/4 in. wide, consisting of 6–10 white (tinged pink) petal-like sepals surrounding a small, green compound ovary (5-15 carpels) and multiple stamens; sepals drop early.
FRUITS: Fruit a cluster of tiny achenes.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-8 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Whorled
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Windflower bears small white flowers over a period of weeks in early spring. Each dainty flower has 5 to 10 white petal-like sepals, sometimes with a tinge of pink on their undersides. Its upward-facing flowers and delicate 3-lobed foliage make a beautiful combination. This southeastern native perennial is easy to grow and long-lived when planted in soil that is moist and humusy but well-drained. Partial shade is ideal. This species thrives in the shade of deciduous trees. Windflower is a spring ephemeral wildflower and goes dormant by midsummer.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
20 2018-0006 2018-01-17 22 View
177 2008-0349 2019-07-05 177 View
314 2011-0181 2011-04-05 319 View
2137 1986-1942 View
4263 1992-0419 View
4998 1995-0117 View
5205 1995-0324 View
5811 1995-0937 View
6343 1995-1475 View
8166 2004-0176 2006-05-19 View
8568 2006-0147 2006-08-01 View
9397 2021-0055 2021-05-17 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
22 HORT Summer View
177 HORT 2008-03-17 MacIntyre View
319 HORT 2009-05-14 Poythress View
1397 HORT 2006-04-28 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
23 20 24 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
24 20 25 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
25 20 18 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
26 20 16 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
27 20 20 Liloia 2016-03-00 View
354 177 164 MacIntyre 2008-03-17 View
729 314 32 Wenck 2011-03-29 View
730 314 31 Wenck 2011-03-29 View
731 314 25 Wenck 2011-03-29 View
732 314 24 Wenck 2011-03-29 View
733 314 15 Heiney 2011-05-17 View
3639 2137 8 NCBG staff 1987-01-01 View
3640 2137 11 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3641 2137 72 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3642 2137 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3643 2137 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3644 2137 77 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3645 2137 76 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3646 2137 187 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3647 2137 188 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6591 4263 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7417 4998 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7654 5205 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7655 5205 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7656 5205 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7657 5205 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7658 5205 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8325 5811 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8998 6343 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11420 8166 81 NCBG staff 2004-01-01 View
12650 9397 20 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12817 9397 18 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: THTH2
USDA Common Name: Rue Anemone
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FAC FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thalictrum thalictroides
COMMON NAME: Rue-anemone, Windflower
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV; = Anemonella thalictroides (Linnaeus) Spach - C, F, G; = Syndesmon thalictroides (Linnaeus) Hoffmannsegg ex Britton - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Jun.
HABITAT: Moist forests.
COMMENTS: ME, MN, and KS, south to Panhandle FL, MS, AR, and OK.
RANGE MAP: Thalictrum thalictroides.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ranunculaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Buttercup Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 62 genera and 2450 species, herbs, shrubs, and vines, primarily of temperate and boreal regions. Classsification of subfamilies and tribes follows Wang et al. (2009). Subfamilies and tribes follow Wang et al. (2009).
REFERENCE: Whittemore & Parfitt in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Keener (1977); Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see HYDRASTIDACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Thalictrum L. (Meadow-rue)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 330 species, perennial herbs, of Eurasia, North America, South America, and Africa. Ro & McPheron (1997) corroborate via molecular phylogeny that Anemonella should be included in Thalictrum; in fact, T. thalictroides appears to form a basal subclade in Thalictrum with T. clavatum (and presumably T. mirabile).
REFERENCE: Park & Festerling in FNA (1997); Park (1992)=Z; Ro & McPheron (1997); Tamura in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Thalictrum thalictroides in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Thalictrum thalictroides in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Thalictrum thalictroides in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Thalictrum thalictroides in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Thalictrum thalictroides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Thalictrum thalictroides

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9639
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9639

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