Plant Index


 
 
 

Thelypteris kunthii

Thelypteris kunthii (Desv.) Morton

southern shield fern, kunth's maiden fern, southern shield fern

Synonym(s): Dryopteris normalis, Dryopteris saxatilis, Thelypteris macrorhizoma, Thelypteris normalis, Thelypteris saxatilis, Thelypteris unca
Thelypteris kunthii (Southern Shield Fern)
Image ID: 25793
Image by: Brooks, Dot Wilbur
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: THKU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thelypteris kunthii
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: THELY2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Thelypteris
GENUS AUTHORITY: Schmidel
GENUS COMMON: Maiden fern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 2-4 species, perennial herbs, cirumboreal in distribution (with several varieties) and slso with a Southern Hemisphere member. Often in the past considered a large genus (with over 800 species), clearly warranting segregation, but a consensus has been slow to coalesce; we now seem ready for at least a preliminary approach to genera in Thelypteridaceae, as reflected in this treatment of Thelypteris and segregates. Our species fall into several disparate groups, here recognized as genera.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: He & Zhang (2012); Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013); Smith (1981); Smith in Kramer & Green (1990). [also see Christella, Coryphoteris, Cyclosorus, Goniopteris, Macrothelypteris, Meniscium, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, and Stegnogramma]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: THELYP
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Thelypteridaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Pichi Sermolli 1970
FAMILY COMMON: Marsh Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 15-30 genera (generic circumscription especially controversial and problematic) and 900-1000 species.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Almeida et al. (2016); He & Zhang (2012); Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013); Smith & Cranfill (2002); Lellinger (1985); Mickel (1979); Smith in Kramer & Green (1990). {add for FL: Christella augescens, Christella grandis, Christella patens var. patens, Amauropelta resinifera, Amauropelta sancta, Goniopteris sclerophylla, Meniscium reticulatum, Meniscium serratum}

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Semi-evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The gracefully arching fronds of Southern shield fern are very attractive in the garden. Easy to grow and very heat-tolerant, this fern looks good spring through fall as long as the soil remains moist. In the wild, this plant is typically found in coastal forests. After a hard freeze, the fronds turn a beautiful bronze color, adding winter interest to your garden for some weeks. In the spring, Southern shield fern is slow to produce new fronds, so be sure not to inadvertently plant something else where it is established.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
978 1985-0672 View
2026 1986-1820 View
3353 1990-0224 View
6905 1998-0112 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1840 978 145 NCBG staff 1974-10-30 View
1841 978 200 NCBG staff 1974-10-30 View
1842 978 139 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1843 978 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
1844 978 135 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
1845 978 140 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3266 2026 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
5582 3353 27 NCBG staff 1989-11-20 View
9768 6905 160 NCBG staff 1998-02-27 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: THKU
USDA Common Name: Kunth's Maiden Fern
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, HI, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX), USA+ (PR, VI)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FAC FACW FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Thelypteridaceae Pichi Sermolli 1970 (Marsh Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 15-30 genera (generic circumscription especially controversial and problematic) and 900-1000 species.
REFERENCE: Almeida et al. (2016); He & Zhang (2012); Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013); Smith & Cranfill (2002); Lellinger (1985); Mickel (1979); Smith in Kramer & Green (1990). {add for FL: Christella augescens, Christella grandis, Christella patens var. patens, Amauropelta resinifera, Amauropelta sancta, Goniopteris sclerophylla, Meniscium reticulatum, Meniscium serratum}
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Thelypteris Schmidel (Maiden fern)
SUMMARY: A genus of 2-4 species, perennial herbs, cirumboreal in distribution (with several varieties) and slso with a Southern Hemisphere member. Often in the past considered a large genus (with over 800 species), clearly warranting segregation, but a consensus has been slow to coalesce; we now seem ready for at least a preliminary approach to genera in Thelypteridaceae, as reflected in this treatment of Thelypteris and segregates. Our species fall into several disparate groups, here recognized as genera.
REFERENCE: He & Zhang (2012); Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013); Smith (1981); Smith in Kramer & Green (1990). [also see Christella, Coryphoteris, Cyclosorus, Goniopteris, Macrothelypteris, Meniscium, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, and Stegnogramma]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Thelypteris kunthii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Thelypteris kunthii in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Thelypteris kunthii in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Thelypteris kunthii in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Thelypteris kunthii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Thelypteris kunthii

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 25793
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 25793

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 39415

Image ID: 20656

Image ID: 20657
4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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