Synonym(s): Cracca flexuosa, Cracca spicata, Galega spicata, Tephrosia flexuosa, Tephrosia spicata var. semitonsa
Image ID: 18951
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tephrosia spicata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-09
GENUS CODE: TEPHR GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Tephrosia GENUS AUTHORITY: Pers. GENUS COMMON: Hoarypea GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 350-400 species, perennial herbs, of tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World and New World. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Isely (1998)=I; Ward (2004c)=Z; Wood (1949)=Y. Key adapted from SE.
FAMILY CODE: FABACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Fabaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan. FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
INTRO: Reclining-sprawling to weakly erectperennial of dry, sandy woodlands and clearings. STEMS: Stems 1-many from a single crown, densely covered with rusty hairs. LEAVES: Leaves alternate, on petioles less than 1/2 in. long, 1Â½-3 in. long and pinnately divided into 7-17 elliptic to oblong leaflets, each to 1Â½ in. long and with a sharp tip; rusty hairs cover the petioles, leafrachis and leaflet margins. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in stalked racemes of 2-20, arising opposite leaves (uppermost one appears terminal); white turning maroon; Â½-3/4 in. long; bilaterally symmetric and with typical pea-flower shape but usually not opening completely. FRUITS:Fruit a hairy, flattened and slightly curved pod.
COMMENTS:Spreading rusty to tawny hairs conspicuously cover all parts of this plant. The similar T. hispidula is covered with less conspicuous gray hairs and has fewer flowers per raceme; it is a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic, blooming in pine savannas May-August. HEIGHT: 2-3 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY: LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Aug
BLOOM COLOR: White turning maroon
FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Sandhills, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:
Bloom Table Text:
Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tephrosia spicata
COMMON NAME: Spiked Hoarypea
SYNONYMY: [= C, G, K, RAB, SE, Va, W, WH3, Y; > T. spicata var. semitonsa Fernald - F; > T. spicata var. spicata - F; = Cracca spicata (Walter) Kuntze - S]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Sandhills, woodlands.
COMMENTS: S. DE south to s. FL, west to w. LA, north in the interior to se., sc., and sw. TN and se. KY.
RANGE MAP: Tephrosia spicata.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan. REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Tephrosia Pers. (Hoarypea) SUMMARY: A genus of about 350-400 species, perennial herbs, of tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World and New World. REFERENCE: Isely (1998)=I; Ward (2004c)=Z; Wood (1949)=Y. Key adapted from SE.
SERNEC: Find Tephrosia spicata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Tephrosia spicata in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)