Plant Index


 
 
 

Teucrium canadense

Teucrium canadense L.

canada germander

Teucrium canadense (Canada Germander)
Image ID: 9635
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: TECA3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Teucrium canadense
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-09

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: TEUCR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Teucrium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Germander
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 100-250 species, herbs and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan in distribution.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Shinners (1963)=Z; McClintock & Epling (1946)=Y; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LAMIAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Lamiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mint Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of rich bottomlands, prairies and marshes.
STEMS: Stems stout, 4-angled, unbranched or with a few branches above, very hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, petiolate (upper leaves sessile), lance-oval to oblong, to 5 in. long, coarsely toothed, with deeply etched veins, hairy; releasing a strong odor when crushed.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in conical terminal spikes, flowers blooming from bottom up; pale pink to whitish with dark pink spots; about 1/3 in. long; bilaterally symmetric; tubular and divided into 2 lips, the upper one consisting of 2 small, erect, horn-shaped lobes and the lower one consisting of a wide, downward-spreading center lobe and 2 narrow lateral lobes. The corolla is covered with tiny, glandular hairs.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pale pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
435 SOS 2015-08-12 Faucette View
481 SOS 2015-09-09 Maynard View
682 SOS 2016-08-08 Dakar View
690 SOS 2016-08-24 Faucette View
701 SOS 2016-08-30 Faucette View


USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: TECA3
USDA Common Name: Canada Germander
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lamiaceae Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mint Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Teucrium L. (Germander)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 100-250 species, herbs and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Shinners (1963)=Z; McClintock & Epling (1946)=Y; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Teucrium canadense in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Teucrium canadense in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Teucrium canadense in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Teucrium canadense in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Teucrium canadense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Teucrium canadense

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9635
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9636

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25 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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