Plant Index


 
 
 

Taxodium distichum

Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.

bald cypress, bald-cypress

Synonym(s): Taxodium distichum var. nutans
Cultivar(s): Cascade Falls, Cave Hill, Peve Minaret
Taxodium distichum (Bald Cypress)
Image ID: 17742
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: TADI2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Taxodium distichum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-23

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1599 Cascade Falls View
1600 Cave Hill View
207 Peve Minaret View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: TAXOD
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Taxodium
GENUS AUTHORITY: Rich.
GENUS COMMON: Bald cypress
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, trees, of e. North America and Mexico. There has been much debate over whether the two taxa of Taxodium in our area should be treated as species or varieties, and if as varieties, the proper nomenclature. I agree with Godfrey (1988), in his preference to recognize two species ... because it is my perception that the vast majority of trees (populations) are thus distinguishable. True intermediates appear to be non-existent, though the mimicry of the two species creates pseudo-intermediates that can cause difficulties in identification. Occasionally, the two species can be seen growing together, in hybrid habitats, as at the junction of Lake Waccamaw and the Waccamaw River (Columbus County, NC); a few recognizable intermediates can be seen. See Lickey & Walker (2002) for a contrary argument supporting varietal status. Neufeld (1986) discusses the different architecture and ecophysiology of the two species. The only other species in the genus is T. mucronatum Tenore, ranging from s. TX south to Mexico and Guatemala. West of the Mississippi River, the architecture of T. distichum comes to resemble that of T. mucronatum, suggesting the possibility of introgression. For this and other reasons, Watson in FNA (1993b) and other authors prefer to treat T. mucronatum as a third variety of T. distichum, T. distichum var. mexicanum Gordon. Taxodium is most closely related to Glyptostrobus and Cryptomeris.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Z; Duncan and Duncan (1988); Lickey & Walker (2002)=Y; Watson in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990); Tsumura et al. (1999). Key adapted from Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CUPRES
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Cupressaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartlett 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Cypress Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 29 genera and about 130 species. Recent studies indicate that the separation of the Taxodiaceae from the Cupressaceae is not warranted, and they are here combined (Gadek et al. 2000; Brunsfeld et al. 1994). The subfamilial classification used here follows Gadek et al. (2000).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Farjon (2005); Hart & Price (1990); Hardin (1971b); Watson & Eckenwalder in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 50-70 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: March-April
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Bald cypress is one of a few species of deciduous conifers. In fall, its leaves turn a gorgeous russet or reddish-brown before they drop. Bald cypress has a somewhat columnar shape. Its bark takes on an attractive, fibrous appearance as the tree matures. It often grows in swamps and its roots often produce cypress “knees” when growing in moist soil or standing water. It is equally happy growing in average soil. This species is remarkably adaptable, performing well in home landscapes or as a street tree. It typically reaches a height of 50 to 70 ft. in 30 to 50 years.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
565 1985-0193 View
2024 1986-1818 View
2673 1987-0134 View
4413 1992-0569 View
7897 2002-0040 2002-05-08 View
8379 2005-0155 2005-04-12 View
8448 2005-0522 2005-12-20 View
8455 2005-0529 2005-12-20 View
8468 2005-0561 2006-08-21 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
506 SOS 2015-10-01 Dakar View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1207 565 157 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1208 565 164 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3264 2024 61 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
4489 2673 140 NCBG staff 1982-01-01 View
6741 4413 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
11126 7897 141 NCBG staff 2002-03-15 View
11698 8468 135 NCBG staff 2005-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: TADI2
USDA Common Name: Bald Cypress
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Taxodium distichum
COMMON NAME: Bald-cypress
SYNONYMY: [= G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, WH3, WV, Z; = T. distichum var. distichum - Ar, C, FNA, Y; < T. distichum - F (also see T. ascendens)]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; Oct.
HABITAT: Brownwater and blackwater swamps, usually in riverine situations.
COMMENTS: DE and e. MD south to s. FL and west to e. TX and se. OK, north along the Mississippi River and its tributaries to s. IN and s. IL. This species is sometimes planted as an ornamental in upland sites within and beyond its natural range.
RANGE MAP: Taxodium distichum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Cupressaceae Bartlett 1830 (Cypress Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 29 genera and about 130 species. Recent studies indicate that the separation of the Taxodiaceae from the Cupressaceae is not warranted, and they are here combined (Gadek et al. 2000; Brunsfeld et al. 1994). The subfamilial classification used here follows Gadek et al. (2000).
REFERENCE: Farjon (2005); Hart & Price (1990); Hardin (1971b); Watson & Eckenwalder in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Taxodium Rich. (Bald cypress)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, trees, of e. North America and Mexico. There has been much debate over whether the two taxa of Taxodium in our area should be treated as species or varieties, and if as varieties, the proper nomenclature. I agree with Godfrey (1988), in his preference to recognize two species ... because it is my perception that the vast majority of trees (populations) are thus distinguishable. True intermediates appear to be non-existent, though the mimicry of the two species creates pseudo-intermediates that can cause difficulties in identification. Occasionally, the two species can be seen growing together, in hybrid habitats, as at the junction of Lake Waccamaw and the Waccamaw River (Columbus County, NC); a few recognizable intermediates can be seen. See Lickey & Walker (2002) for a contrary argument supporting varietal status. Neufeld (1986) discusses the different architecture and ecophysiology of the two species. The only other species in the genus is T. mucronatum Tenore, ranging from s. TX south to Mexico and Guatemala. West of the Mississippi River, the architecture of T. distichum comes to resemble that of T. mucronatum, suggesting the possibility of introgression. For this and other reasons, Watson in FNA (1993b) and other authors prefer to treat T. mucronatum as a third variety of T. distichum, T. distichum var. mexicanum Gordon. Taxodium is most closely related to Glyptostrobus and Cryptomeris.
REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Z; Duncan and Duncan (1988); Lickey & Walker (2002)=Y; Watson in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990); Tsumura et al. (1999). Key adapted from Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Taxodium distichum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Taxodium distichum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Taxodium distichum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Taxodium distichum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Taxodium distichum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Taxodium distichum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 17742
ID IMAGE2: 17743
ID IMAGE3: 5474

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17 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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