Plant Index


 
 
 

Symphyotrichum undulatum

Symphyotrichum undulatum (L.) G.L. Nesom

clasping heart-leaf aster, wavy-leaf american-aster, wavyleaf aster

Synonym(s): Aster asperifolius, Aster claviger, Aster corrigiatus, Aster diversifolius, Aster gracilescens, Aster linguiformis, Aster loriformis, Aster mohrii, Aster proteus, Aster sylvestris, Aster triangularis, Aster truellius, Aster undulatus, Aster undulatus var. asperulus, Aster undulatus var. diversifolius, Aster undulatus var. loriformis, Aster undulatus var. triangularis
Symphyotrichum undulatum (Clasping Heart-leaf Aster)
Image ID: 8313
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SYUN
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Symphyotrichum undulatum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SYMPH4
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Symphyotrichum
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nees
GENUS COMMON: Aster
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect or spreading-ascending, rhizomatous perennial found in dry forests, woodlands, glades and on road banks.
STEMS: Stems 1-several, with 8-25 nodes below the inflorescence, stiff, usually densely hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, the lower ones on clasping winged petioles with a basal flare (upper leaves clasping without a petiole), oval to lance-oval (lower leaves with heart-shaped base), 1 1/2-6 in. long, entire or toothed, rough above and downy beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in an open to compact panicle (sometimes raceme-like), the branches spreading and with numerous bracts; heads about 3/4 in. wide, consisting of 8-20 light blue or violet (rarely white), narrow ray florets encircling a center disk of yellow or reddish tubular florets. 4-5 series of unequal green bracts with (often) purple tips closely surround the bell-shaped base of each head
FRUITS: Fruit an achene with cream-colored tuft of hairs.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-5 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: August-November
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Creamy-white flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Wavy-leaf American-aster has an upright habit and combines well with other late-summer perennials. It produces creamy-white ray flowers, surrounding yellow disc flowers, in upright flat-topped clusters. Its species name, undulatum, refers to its wavy leaves. This perennial prefers full sun and moist soil. It is generally seen growing in marshes, or at the edges of moist woods. It spreads by means of rhizomes as well as by seed.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
112 2012-0085 2012-11-13 113 View
3988 1992-0144 View
5251 1995-0370 View
5471 1995-0594 View
5959 1995-1089 View
6581 1996-0214 View
9420 2021-0082 2021-06-29 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
113 HORT 2011-11-28 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
197 112 15 NCBG staff 2012-08-15 View
198 112 16 Liloia 2012-06-18 View
6316 3988 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7704 5251 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7985 5471 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8529 5959 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9294 6581 142 NCBG staff 1996-11-12 View
12733 9420 146 Wenck 2021-05-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SYUN
USDA Common Name: Wavyleaf Aster
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV), CAN (NS, ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Symphyotrichum undulatum
COMMON NAME: Wavyleaf Aster
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, Il, K, Pa, Va, WH3, X; = Aster undulatus Linnaeus - C, G, RAB, SE, W; > A. undulatus var. undulatus - F, WV; > A. undulatus var. loriformis E.S. Burgess - F, WV; > A. undulatus var. diversifolius (Michaux) A. Gray - F; > A. asperifolius E.S. Burgess - S; > A. linguiformis E.S. Burgess - S; > A. loriformis (E.S. Burgess) E.S. Burgess - S; > A. mohrii E.S. Burgess - S; > A. claviger E.S. Burgess - S; > A. corrigiatus E.S. Burgess - S; > A. gracilescens E.S. Burgess - S; > A. proteus E.S. Burgess - S; > A. sylvestris E.S. Burgess - S; > A. triangularis (E.S. Burgess) E.S. Burgess - S; > A. truellius E.S. Burgess - S; > A. undulatus - S; > A. undulatus Linnaeus var. asperulus (Torrey & A. Gray) Wood]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Nov.
HABITAT: Dry forests, woodlands, glades, roadbanks.
COMMENTS: NS west to s. ON, south to c. peninsular FL and LA.
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Symphyotrichum Nees (Aster)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
REFERENCE: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum undulatum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum undulatum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Symphyotrichum undulatum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Symphyotrichum undulatum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Symphyotrichum undulatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Symphyotrichum undulatum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8313
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8313

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 8314

Image ID: 31254

Image ID: 33838
4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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