Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Symphyotrichum puniceum

Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve

purplestem aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum (Purplestem Aster)
Image ID: 8290
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SYPU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Symphyotrichum puniceum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SYMPH4
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Symphyotrichum
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nees
GENUS COMMON: Aster
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, rhizomatous perennial of bogs, seeps, ditches and wet meadows.
STEMS: Stems 1-several, stout, with many nodes below the inflorescence, reddish-purple, smooth to densely spreading-hairy (particularly above).
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, sessile-clasping, oblong to lance-shaped, 2-6 1/2 in. long, entire to slightly toothed, rough and sometimes hairy above, smooth to slightly hairy beneath; lower leaves withered by flowering.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in an open to dense, many-headed panicle; heads about 1 in. wide, consisting of 20-50 light violet-blue to purple (rarely white), narrow ray florets encircling a center disk of yellow to red tubular florets. 2 series of spreading to ascending (outer series looser), linear green bracts surround the bell-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 3-7 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Sep-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins
NATIVE RANGE: Canada & eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This Southeastern native perennial bears a profusion of flowers with light violet blue to purple rays, surrounding yellow disk centers. This is an erect, tall species, rather open in form. It is tolerant of many soil types. In cultivation it is similar to New England Aster, though larger and its flowers are lighter in color. It is a great source of nectar and pollen, lasting up until frost and beyond. It has the widest range of all the North American native asters.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
368 2011-0240 2011-11-29 372 View
6570 1996-0200 View
8955 1991-0274 0000-00-00 1208 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
372 HORT 2010-01-01 Moore View
1208 HORT 1991-07-09 Saunders View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
895 368 43 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
5892 8955 78 NCBG staff 1991-07-09 View
5893 8955 189 NCBG staff 1991-07-09 View
9277 6570 142 NCBG staff 1996-10-10 View
12169 368 48 Mixon 2012-06-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SYPU
USDA Common Name: Purplestem Aster
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb, Subshrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Symphyotrichum Nees (Aster)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
REFERENCE: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum puniceum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum puniceum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Symphyotrichum puniceum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Symphyotrichum puniceum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Symphyotrichum puniceum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Symphyotrichum puniceum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8290
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8289

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 8291

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Image ID: 30936
10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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