Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Symphyotrichum patens

Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom

clasping american-aster, late purple aster

Symphyotrichum patens (Clasping American-aster)
Image ID: 2769
Image by: Gardner, Rob
Image Collection: Herbarium Collection

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SYPA11
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Symphyotrichum patens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-10-15

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SYMPH4
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Symphyotrichum
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nees
GENUS COMMON: Aster
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect to sprawling, rhizomatous and colonial perennial of dry upland forests, clearings and road banks.
STEMS: Stems slender, usually unbranched and with 12-30 leaf nodes below the inflorescence, firm or brittle, loosely hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, with a heart-shaped and clasping base, oval or lance-shaped, 1-6 in. long (much smaller on the flowering branches), thick and firm, occasionally toothed, rough above and on the margins; lower leaves withering and dropping early.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) solitary at ends of wide-spreading branchlets; heads 1-1 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 15-25 blue to violet or purple, narrow ray florets encircling a center disk of yellow (turning reddish) tubular florets. 3-4 series of glandular-sticky, oblong bracts with green and spreading tips surround the top- to bell-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS: Fruit a tan-tufted achene.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: August-November
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Locally collected seed was sown and germinated at the Garden in order to offer this native plant for sale. This aster has a sprawling habit as if it is being brought to earth by the weight of its many blooms. Its range is from eastern Kansas and Texas, south to Florida and north to Maine. This aster is yet another great fall blooming plant for the landscape. Found in dry fields, clearings, and woodlands this native can be used in full sun and dry sites in the garden.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
264 2011-0118 2011-06-16 269 View
3987 1992-0143 View
5249 1995-0368 View
5955 1995-1085 View
9013 1995-1519 2007-02-28 1217 View
9336 2021-0004 View
9386 2021-0049 2021-04-05 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
269 HORT 2008-11-20 Liloia View
1217 HORT 1995-10-18 View
1353 HORT 2006-11-20 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
638 264 32 Fache 2011-05-17 View
639 264 34 Marchal 2011-05-11 View
640 264 32 Marchal 2011-05-11 View
641 264 19 NCBG staff 2011-05-12 View
6315 3987 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7702 5249 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8525 5955 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
9042 9013 143 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12167 264 29 Mixon 2012-03-28 View
12493 9336 20 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12632 9386 232 Wait 2020-06-26 View
12633 9386 233 Wait 2020-06-26 View
12634 9386 234 Wait 2020-06-26 View
12635 9386 235 Wait 2020-06-26 View
12860 0 21 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SYPA11
USDA Common Name: Late Purple Aster
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Symphyotrichum Nees (Aster)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
REFERENCE: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum patens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum patens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Symphyotrichum patens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Symphyotrichum patens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Symphyotrichum patens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Symphyotrichum patens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 2769
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9625

From the Image Gallery


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20 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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