Plant Index


 
 
 

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) G.L. Nesom

new england aster, michaelmas-daisy

Synonym(s): Aster novae-angliae, Lasallea novae-angliae
Cultivar(s): Purple Dome
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England Aster)
Image ID: 12750
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SYNO2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-09

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
233 Purple Dome View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SYMPH4
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Symphyotrichum
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nees
GENUS COMMON: Aster
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, rhizomatous perennial of wet meadows, bogs and prairies.
STEMS: Stems 1-several in a clump, stout, with 30+ nodes below the inflorescence; spreading-hairy to stiff-hairy, at least above, and also with stalked glands above.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, crowded, sessile with heart-shaped and clasping base, lance- to elliptic-lance-shaped, 3/4-4 3/4 in. long, with slightly down-rolled margins, rough-hairy above and soft-hairy beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in a short terminal panicle; heads 3/4-1 1/2 in. wide, consisting of 45-100 violet-purple (rarely pink or white) narrow ray florets encircling a center disk of yellow tubular florets. 3-5 series of green (sometimes purple-tinged), spreading, linear to lance-shaped bracts surround the bowl-shaped base of each head.
FRUITS: Fruit a tan-tufted achene.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 3-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Sep-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Purple flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Of the several hundred species of asters native to North America, New England aster is among the most attractive. Often found in fields and wet meadows of the Eastern United States, this aster flowers best with at least a half-day of sun. Numerous purple flowers with yellow centers appear in late summer. Its stems can be cut back in June to produce a more compact plant. This perennial is a must-have for attracting butterflies. It also makes a fine cut flower.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
334 2011-0202 2011-10-12 338 View
2449 1986-2290 View
3650 1991-0336 View
8637 2006-0236 2006-08-28 View
8836 2007-0111 2007-05-30 View
9130 2006-0322 2006-10-18 1305 View
9265 2019-0024 2019-12-02 1973 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
338 HORT 2010-01-01 Poythress View
1085 HORT 2005-11-16 Bryan View
1285 HORT 2005-12-07 Bryan View
1305 HORT 2003-12-03 Bryan View
1416 HORT 2006-11-27 Liloia View
1973 HORT 0000-00-00 Wenck View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
801 334 44 Liloia 2011-10-07 View
802 334 34 NCBG staff 2012-03-21 View
4160 2449 27 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5951 3650 27 NCBG staff 1991-06-27 View
11848 8637 142 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
11849 8637 135 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11896 9130 142 NCBG staff 2006-10-16 View
12391 9265 140 Wenck 2019-11-18 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SYNO2
USDA Common Name: New England Aster
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
16909 S3 S3 G5 G5 W1

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
COMMON NAME: New England Aster, Michaelmas-daisy
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, Il, K, Pa, Va, Z; = Aster novae-angliae Linnaeus - C, F, G, GW, RAB, S, SE, W, WV; = Virgulus novae-angliae (Linnaeus) Reveal & Keener]
PHENOLOGY: Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Wet meadows, bogs, prairies.
COMMENTS: NS west to MT, south to GA, wc. AL, c. MS, s. AR, OK, and NM.
RANGE MAP: Symphyotrichum novae-angliae.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Symphyotrichum Nees (Aster)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 90 species, of the Americas and e. Asia, most diverse in our area.
REFERENCE: Brouillet et al. FNA (2006b); Brouillet & Semple (1981); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jones (1980a, 1980b, 1984); Jones & Young (1983); R. Jones (1983)=Z; R. Jones (1992); Lamboy (1987, 1992)=Y; Nesom (1994)=X; Nesom (2005b)=V; Nesom (1993a, 1993b, 1994, 1997); Campbell & Seymour (2014)=J; Noyes & Rieseberg (1999); Semple & Brouillet (1980a, 1980b); Semple, Chmielewski, & Lane (1989); Semple, Heard, & Xiang (1996); Sundberg (2004)=Q; Reveal & Keener (1981); Warners & Laughlin (1999); Xiang & Semple (1996). Key to subgenus Astropolium based on Nesom (2005b).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum novae-angliae in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Symphyotrichum novae-angliae in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Symphyotrichum novae-angliae in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Symphyotrichum novae-angliae in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Symphyotrichum novae-angliae in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12750
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12750

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