Synonym(s): Strophostyles helvula, Strophostyles helvula var. missouriensis
Image ID: 21274
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Strophostyles helvola
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-09
GENUS CODE: STROP GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Strophostyles GENUS AUTHORITY: Elliott GENUS COMMON: Fuzzybean GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, annual and perennial herbs, of North America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Pelotto & Martínez (1998)=Z; Isely (1998)=I. Key adapted from SE.
FAMILY CODE: FABACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Fabaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Legume Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan. FAMILY REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).
INTRO:Herbaceousperennialvine found on coastal dunes and beaches, in dry sandy woodlands, disturbed areas. STEMS: Stems slender, rough, with a few hairs, trailing along ground and over other plants. LEAVES: Leaves alternate; on petioles with stipules at the base; divided into 3 1- to 2-in.-long, oval leaflets with tips that taper to a point, only the terminalleafletstalked and the 2 lateral leaflets with asymmetrical bases; smooth to sparsely hairy. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in stalked,axillary clusters of up to 10 (only 2 or 3 in bloom at one time); pink; about 1/2 in. wide; with typical pea-flower shape, including an erect, flaring bannerpetal and a dark purplish spur-like projection on the keelpetal that twists and curls back up at the tip. FRUITS:Fruit a slender round pod, with a few close-pressed hairs. COMMENTS: HEIGHT: to 6 ft. (long) DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Trifoliate LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
BLOOM COLOR: Pink
FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, maritime, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Strophostyles helvola
COMMON NAME: Annual Sand Bean
SYNONYMY: [= C, G, K2, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, WH3, WV; = S. helvula (Linnaeus) Elliott - K1, SE, W, Z, orthographic variant; > S. helvola var. helvola - F; > S. helvola var. missouriensis (S. Watson) Britton - F]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Coastal dunes, beaches, dry sandy woodlands, disturbed areas.
COMMENTS: QC west to MN and SD, south to n. peninsular FL and e. TX. See Isely (1986b) for a discussion of the orthography of the epithet.
RANGE MAP: Strophostyles helvola.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Fabaceae Lindley 1836 or LEGUMINOSAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Legume Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 730 genera and 20,000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, cosmopolitan. REFERENCE: Isely (1990)=SE (throughout the family treatment); Isely (1998)=I; Lewis et al. (2005); Wojciechowski, Lavin, & Sanderson (2004); Wilbur (1963a); Robertson & Lee (1976).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Strophostyles Elliott (Fuzzybean) SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, annual and perennial herbs, of North America. REFERENCE: Pelotto & Martínez (1998)=Z; Isely (1998)=I. Key adapted from SE.
SERNEC: Find Strophostyles helvola in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Strophostyles helvola in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)