Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Spiraea tomentosa

Spiraea tomentosa L.

hardhack, steeplebush

Synonym(s): Spiraea tomentosa var. rosea, Spiraea tomentosa var. tomentosa
Spiraea tomentosa (Hardhack)
Image ID: 18875
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SPTO2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spiraea tomentosa
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-18

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SPIRA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Spiraea
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Spirea
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 80-120 species, shrubs, of north temperate areas (especially Asia). Many species and hybrids are cultivated, and additional taxa to those treated below may be encountered as persistent or escaped.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Lis in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Rehder (1940); Uttal (1974); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.: width 3-6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: July-September
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Hardhack is a southeastern native shrub that is easy to grow. Its arching branches bear dense pyramidal clusters of small pink flowers, opening from top to bottom. Its flowers are very attractive to butterflies as well as other pollinating insects. The underside of each leaf is covered with whitish woolly hairs, hence its species name tomentosa. Hardhack can be found growing along stream banks and on roadside swales in many counties in North Carolina. Over time each shrub grows into a thicket of upright stems. The Spiraea genus supports up to 86 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
6738 1996-0396 View
8674 2006-0293 2006-10-06 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
611 SOS 2015-11-03 Driskill View
1424 HORT 2006-11-17 View
1769 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
9513 6738 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11887 8674 71 NCBG staff 2006-07-10 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SPTO2
USDA Common Name: Steeplebush
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AR, CT, DE, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spiraea tomentosa
COMMON NAME: Hardhack, Steeplebush
SYNONYMY: [= GW, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV; > S. tomentosa var. rosea (Rafinesque) Fernald - C, F, FNA, G, Z; > S. tomentosa var. tomentosa - C, F, FNA, G, Z; ? S. subcanescens Rydberg]
PHENOLOGY: Jul-Sep; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Bogs, wet meadows.
COMMENTS: NS west to MN, south to SC, ne. GA, c. TN, and AR.
RANGE MAP: Spiraea tomentosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Spiraea L. (Spirea)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 80-120 species, shrubs, of north temperate areas (especially Asia). Many species and hybrids are cultivated, and additional taxa to those treated below may be encountered as persistent or escaped.
REFERENCE: Lis in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Rehder (1940); Uttal (1974); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Spiraea tomentosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Spiraea tomentosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Spiraea tomentosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Spiraea tomentosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Spiraea tomentosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Spiraea tomentosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18875
ID IMAGE2: 18874
ID IMAGE3: 18874

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 18874

Image ID: 34465

Image ID: 12057
8 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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