Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Solidago gracillima

Solidago gracillima Torr. & A. Gray

graceful goldenrod

Synonym(s): Solidago austrina, Solidago flavovirens, Solidago perlonga
Solidago gracillima (Graceful Goldenrod)
Image ID: 8306
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SOGR4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Solidago gracillima
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SOLID
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Solidago
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Goldenrod
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 90-110 species, herbs, primarily North American, but with a few species in South America, Macaronesia, and Eurasia. The placement of the flat-topped goldenrods has been controversial; they are here included in Solidago rather than being treated as the separate genus Oligoneuron.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Several related genera readily mistaken for (and/or sometimes included in) Solidago are included here as keying “failsafes”.
GENUS REFERENCES: Semple & Cook in FNA (2006b); Semple & Peirson (2013)=V; Semple (2013)=U; Nesom (1990); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Morton (1973, 1974); Zhang (1996); Cook & Semple (2004); Nesom (1993b)=Z; Heard & Semple (1988)=Y; Brouillet & Semple (1981)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Braun (1942). Portions of the key adapted (in part) from various sources, especially FNA and SE. [also see Brintonia, Chrysoma, and Euthamia]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The slender upright stem of this goldenrod explodes in a showy golden panicle in early September. The stalks extending from the basal leaves reach up to 3 feet in height, a welcome addition to sunny, moist gardens. The bright yellow flowers attract pollinators including many species of bees, butterflies, and moths. Virginia Goldenrod is found in wet pine savannas and seepage bogs throughout the coastal plain pinelands.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
118 2012-0092 2012-11-13 119 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
119 HORT 2010-12-21 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
212 118 34 Mixon 2012-10-01 View
213 118 31 Mixon 2012-10-01 View
214 118 32 Mixon 2012-10-01 View
215 118 37 Mixon 2012-11-02 View
216 118 142 Liloia 2013-10-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SOGR4
USDA Common Name: Virginia Goldenrod
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, KY, NC, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
21011 S3 S3 G4? G4 W1

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Solidago gracillima
COMMON NAME: Southern Bog Goldenrod, Graceful Goldenrod
SYNONYMY: [< S. gracillima Torrey & A. Gray - C, K, RAB, SE, Va, W, WH3; > S. perlonga Fernald - F; < S. stricta Aiton ssp. gracillima (Torrey & A. Gray) Semple - FNA; > S. gracillima - S]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Wet pine savannas, seepage bogs.
COMMENTS: E. VA south to c. Panhandle FL, west to s. AL. Several distinct entities appear to have been referred to this taxon; the number of entities, and the appropriate names to apply to them, are presently obscure. The names S. perlonga Fernald, S. austrina Small, and S. simulans Fernald have been synonymized under S. gracillima (as by Cronquist 1980). Cronquist (1980) refers material from WV and high elevation granitic domes of sw. NC (S. simulans) to S. gracillima, a treatment which is not phytogeographically or otherwise credible. The distinction between S. gracillima s.s and S. austrina seems to be warranted; they are alleged to differ as follows: S. austrina: pappus 2.2-2.8 mm long, ray flowers 2-4, disc flowers 6-8; of the inner Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont; S. gracillima: pappus (3.0-) 3.5-4.0 mm long; ray flowers 3-7; disk flowers 9-13; of the Coastal Plain.
RANGE MAP: Solidago gracillima.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Solidago L. (Goldenrod)
SUMMARY: A genus of 90-110 species, herbs, primarily North American, but with a few species in South America, Macaronesia, and Eurasia. The placement of the flat-topped goldenrods has been controversial; they are here included in Solidago rather than being treated as the separate genus Oligoneuron.
REFERENCE: Semple & Cook in FNA (2006b); Semple & Peirson (2013)=V; Semple (2013)=U; Nesom (1990); Cronquist (1980)=SE; Morton (1973, 1974); Zhang (1996); Cook & Semple (2004); Nesom (1993b)=Z; Heard & Semple (1988)=Y; Brouillet & Semple (1981)=X; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Braun (1942). Portions of the key adapted (in part) from various sources, especially FNA and SE. [also see Brintonia, Chrysoma, and Euthamia]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Solidago gracillima in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Solidago gracillima in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Solidago gracillima in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Solidago gracillima in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Solidago gracillima in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago gracillima

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8306
ID IMAGE2: 8259
ID IMAGE3: 8306

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 8259

Image ID: 8260

Image ID: 8307

Image ID: 8309

Image ID: 21257

Image ID: 21258

Image ID: 8308
8 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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