Plant Index


 
 
 

Smilax walteri

Smilax walteri Pursh

coral greenbrier, coral greenbriar, red-berried swamp smilax

Synonym(s): Smilax megacarpa
Smilax walteri (Coral Greenbrier)
Image ID: 17405
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SMWA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Smilax walteri
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-18

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SMILA2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Smilax
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Greenbrier
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 220 species, woody vines and herbs, subcosmopolitan in temperate and tropical regions. Our deciduous species are a monophyletic group within Smilax, with a classic eastern North American/eastern Asian disjunction, and are treated as section Nemexia or subgenus Luiste (Wilbur 2004, Fu et al. 2005). Smilax berries and shoots provide important food sources for many wildlife species, including black bears (Ursus americanus).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: The carrionflowers or deciduous smilaxes (lead 1a) are sometimes mistaken for Dioscorea because of a superficial similarity. They can be readily distinguished even in vegetative condition by Smilax section Nemexia having 3 (-5) main veins, the 3 central rejoining at the leaf apex (vs. Dioscorea with 7-13 main veins), and secondary veins in a complex reticulate pattern (vs. Dioscorea with secondary veins forming simpler and largely perpendicular cross-connections between the primary veins).
GENUS REFERENCES: Mangaly (1968)=Z; Judd (1998)=Y; Holmes in FNA (2002a); Wilbur (2004); Fu et al. (2005); Duncan (1967); Godfrey (1988). Key for the woody species based in part on Godfrey (1988).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SMILAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Smilacaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Ventenat 1799
FAMILY COMMON: Greenbriar Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of a single genus and about 220 species, widespread in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Holmes in FNA (2002a); Qi et al. (2013); Judd (1998); Conran in Kubitzki (1998a).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 5-20 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Vine

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Inconspicuous flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov (and persisting).

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Coral greenbrier has very attractive lustrous green leaves along its thin woody stems. It produces small greenish flowers in the spring, followed by bright red berries that persist into the winter. Its small seeds were sometimes used as beads by Native Americans, giving rise to another common name, Indian coral. Its stems are variable, with some having spines, and others nearly spineless. This native species is found growing at the edge of swamps and along streams. The genus Smilax supports up to 17 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
173 2009-0073 2019-07-02 174 View
3456 1991-0099 View
4600 1992-0756 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
174 HORT Moore View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
345 173 61 Liloia 2009-10-08 View
5692 3456 8 NCBG staff 1988-06-01 View
5693 3456 56 NCBG staff 1988-06-01 View
6929 4600 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SMWA
USDA Common Name: Coral Greenbrier
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub, Vine

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Smilax walteri
COMMON NAME: Coral Greenbriar, Red-berried Swamp Smilax
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Y]
PHENOLOGY: Late Apr-May; Sep-Nov (and persisting).
HABITAT: Swamp forests, bogs, often where submersed for at least part of the year.
COMMENTS: NJ south to c. peninsular FL and west to TN, AR, and TX. In its relatively narrow leaves, S. walteri can resemble S. smallii; S. walteri has a thicker-textured leaf, and is almost always rounded at the base rather than cuneate.
RANGE MAP: Smilax walteri.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Smilacaceae Ventenat 1799 (Greenbriar Family)
SUMMARY: A family of a single genus and about 220 species, widespread in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions.
REFERENCE: Holmes in FNA (2002a); Qi et al. (2013); Judd (1998); Conran in Kubitzki (1998a).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Smilax L. (Greenbrier)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 220 species, woody vines and herbs, subcosmopolitan in temperate and tropical regions. Our deciduous species are a monophyletic group within Smilax, with a classic eastern North American/eastern Asian disjunction, and are treated as section Nemexia or subgenus Luiste (Wilbur 2004, Fu et al. 2005). Smilax berries and shoots provide important food sources for many wildlife species, including black bears (Ursus americanus).
REFERENCE: Mangaly (1968)=Z; Judd (1998)=Y; Holmes in FNA (2002a); Wilbur (2004); Fu et al. (2005); Duncan (1967); Godfrey (1988). Key for the woody species based in part on Godfrey (1988).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Smilax walteri in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Smilax walteri in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Smilax walteri in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Smilax walteri in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Smilax walteri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Smilax walteri

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 17405
ID IMAGE2: 17403
ID IMAGE3: 17405

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 17403

Image ID: 17404

Image ID: 12009
4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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