Plant Index


 
 
 

Smilax laurifolia

Smilax laurifolia L.

bamboo-vine, blaspheme-vine, laurel-leaf greenbriar

Smilax laurifolia (Bamboo-vine)
Image ID: 17387
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SMLA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Smilax laurifolia
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-12-30

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SMILA2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Smilax
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Greenbrier
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 220 species, woody vines and herbs, subcosmopolitan in temperate and tropical regions. Our deciduous species are a monophyletic group within Smilax, with a classic eastern North American/eastern Asian disjunction, and are treated as section Nemexia or subgenus Luiste (Wilbur 2004, Fu et al. 2005). Smilax berries and shoots provide important food sources for many wildlife species, including black bears (Ursus americanus).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: The carrionflowers or deciduous smilaxes (lead 1a) are sometimes mistaken for Dioscorea because of a superficial similarity. They can be readily distinguished even in vegetative condition by Smilax section Nemexia having 3 (-5) main veins, the 3 central rejoining at the leaf apex (vs. Dioscorea with 7-13 main veins), and secondary veins in a complex reticulate pattern (vs. Dioscorea with secondary veins forming simpler and largely perpendicular cross-connections between the primary veins).
GENUS REFERENCES: Mangaly (1968)=Z; Judd (1998)=Y; Holmes in FNA (2002a); Wilbur (2004); Fu et al. (2005); Duncan (1967); Godfrey (1988). Key for the woody species based in part on Godfrey (1988).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SMILAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Smilacaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Ventenat 1799
FAMILY COMMON: Greenbriar Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of a single genus and about 220 species, widespread in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Holmes in FNA (2002a); Qi et al. (2013); Judd (1998); Conran in Kubitzki (1998a).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Vine

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct of the second year (and persisting).

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2019 1986-1813 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
536 SOS 2015-10-08 Heraty View
595 SOS 2015-11-02 Heraty View
1501 HORT 2005-09-17 Liloia View
1775 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3256 2019 62 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SMLA
USDA Common Name: Laurel Greenbrier
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub, Vine

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
17067 S5 S5 G5 G5 W6

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Smilax laurifolia
COMMON NAME: Blaspheme-vine, Bamboo-vine, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Y]
PHENOLOGY: Jul-Aug; Sep-Oct of the second year (and persisting).
HABITAT: Pocosins, swamp forests, mountain bogs in sw. NC.
COMMENTS: Primarily a Southeastern Coastal Plain species: NJ south to s. FL, west to w. TN, AR, and e. TX, and also in the Bahama Islands and Cuba.
RANGE MAP: Smilax laurifolia.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Smilacaceae Ventenat 1799 (Greenbriar Family)
SUMMARY: A family of a single genus and about 220 species, widespread in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions.
REFERENCE: Holmes in FNA (2002a); Qi et al. (2013); Judd (1998); Conran in Kubitzki (1998a).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Smilax L. (Greenbrier)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 220 species, woody vines and herbs, subcosmopolitan in temperate and tropical regions. Our deciduous species are a monophyletic group within Smilax, with a classic eastern North American/eastern Asian disjunction, and are treated as section Nemexia or subgenus Luiste (Wilbur 2004, Fu et al. 2005). Smilax berries and shoots provide important food sources for many wildlife species, including black bears (Ursus americanus).
REFERENCE: Mangaly (1968)=Z; Judd (1998)=Y; Holmes in FNA (2002a); Wilbur (2004); Fu et al. (2005); Duncan (1967); Godfrey (1988). Key for the woody species based in part on Godfrey (1988).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Smilax laurifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Smilax laurifolia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Smilax laurifolia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Smilax laurifolia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Smilax laurifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Smilax laurifolia

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 17387
ID IMAGE2: 17389
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


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12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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