Plant Index


 
 
 

Silene virginica

Silene virginica L.

fire pink

Silene virginica (Fire Pink)
Image ID: 26627
Image by: Bridges, Edwin
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SIVI4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Silene virginica
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-03-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SILEN
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Silene
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Catchfly
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 700 species, of Eurasia and North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Morton in FNA (2005); Clausen (1939)=Z; Wilbur (1970b)=Y; Bittrich in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see Atocion and Lychnis]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CARYOP
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Caryophyllaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Pink Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 86 genera and 2200-3000 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan, but mostly Northern Hemisphere.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Rabeler & Hartman in FNA (2005); Bittrich in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect to leaning perennial of woodlands, rock outcrops, crevices in cliffs and roadbanks.
STEMS: Stems branched from the plant base and covered with sticky hairs.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, petiolate (basal) and sessile (stem), elliptical to oblong-lance-shaped, 1–4 in. long, smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in open, branching terminal cluster; red; about 1 1/2 in. wide; consisting of 5 spreading, deeply and unevenly notched petals with a ring of small, red teeth in their center, and a tubular calyx nearly 1 in. long and covered in sticky hairs.
FRUITS: Fruit an ellisoid capsule.
COMMENTS: Similar to Silene regia (see p. xx).
HEIGHT: 12-18 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: April-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Red
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Outcrops and glades, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central N. America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Fire pink has showy red flowers that add vibrant color to the garden. This southeastern native perennial has low-growing rosettes of narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Established plants produce slender upright stems, each bearing a number of its starry crimson flowers. In the wild, it is seen on wooded slopes and along roadsides. Fire pink blooms prolifically in the garden when provided with good drainage and at least half a day of sun. It provides vivid accent to a border or it can be decorative in a container on a patio or deck. 2015 N.C. Wildflower of the Year.

Bloom Table Text: Fire-pink blooms April through June producing eyecatching red (and sometimes pink) blossoms that capture the attention of hummingbirds, butterflies and visitors alike. It can be found in a sunny location but also thrives in our shady woodlands. The flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies and the seeds attract juncos, pine siskins, and sparrows. The common name “Fire-pink” comes not from the color pink but from the verb “to pink” or cut with a jagged edge, referring to the notching on the petals. Members of this genus are also often referred to as "catchfly" because the stems exude a sticky sap that prevents ants from stealing nectar without pollinating the flower.

NCBG Location: Education Center Landscape, Piedmont Habitat

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
386 2011-0277 2011-12-20 390 View
410 2013-0035 2020-01-28 390 View
2130 1986-1934 View
2480 1986-2331 View
4055 1992-0211 View
5195 1995-0314 View
5550 1995-0673 View
6312 1995-1444 View
7064 1999-0007 1999-05-17 View
7615 2000-0378 2000-11-20 View
8077 2004-0085 2004-09-09 View
8229 2004-0250 2006-05-19 View
9093 2004-0286 2006-08-23 1241 View
9380 2021-0043 2021-04-05 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
390 HORT 2010-06-16 Heiney View
1042 HORT 2005-08-02 Lewandowski View
1094 HORT 2006-07-01 Bryan View
1240 HORT 2001-06-19 View
1241 HORT 2004-06-17 View
1347 HORT 2006-07-01 Bryan View
1384 HORT 2006-07-01 Bryan View
1608 HORT 2005-08-02 Lewandowski View
1609 HORT 2005-08-03 Lewandowski View
1768 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
2017 NPMD 2020-06-12 Kunz View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
924 386 16 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
957 410 14 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
958 410 18 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
959 410 17 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
960 410 20 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
961 410 16 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
963 410 20 Liloia 2014-08-26 View
3613 2130 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4213 2480 143 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4214 2480 27 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
6383 4055 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7644 5195 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8064 5550 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8967 6312 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9957 7064 79 NCBG staff 1999-05-18 View
10765 7615 117 NCBG staff 1999-05-06 View
10766 7615 54 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10767 7615 146 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10768 7615 8 NCBG staff 1996-10-03 View
11349 8077 142 NCBG staff 2003-05-20 View
11498 8229 81 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
11527 9093 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
12172 386 14 Liloia 2013-03-21 View
12620 9380 228 Wait 2020-06-26 View
12621 9380 229 Wait 2020-06-26 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SIVI4
USDA Common Name: Fire Pink
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Caryophyllaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Pink Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 86 genera and 2200-3000 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan, but mostly Northern Hemisphere.
REFERENCE: Rabeler & Hartman in FNA (2005); Bittrich in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Silene L. (Catchfly)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 700 species, of Eurasia and North America.
REFERENCE: Morton in FNA (2005); Clausen (1939)=Z; Wilbur (1970b)=Y; Bittrich in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993). [also see Atocion and Lychnis]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Silene virginica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Silene virginica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Silene virginica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Silene virginica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Silene virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Silene virginica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 26627
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9566

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68 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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