Plant Index


 
 
 

Sibbaldiopsis tridentata

Sibbaldiopsis tridentata (Aiton) Rydb.

mountain white potentilla, mountain-cinquefoil, shrubby fivefingers, three-toothed cinquefoil, white sibbaldia, wine-leaf cinquefoil

Synonym(s): Potentilla tridentata, Sibbaldia tridentata
Sibbaldiopsis tridentata (Mountain White Potentilla)
Image ID: 24436
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SITR3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sibbaldiopsis tridentata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-12-01
SELECTED SYNONYM: Sibbaldiopsis tridentata

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SIBBA2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sibbaldiopsis
GENUS AUTHORITY: Rydb.
GENUS COMMON: Sibbaldiopsis
GENUS SUMMARY:
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: USDA Plants

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Rhizomatous, semi-shrubby perennial found in grassy balds, crevices of rock outcrops at high (rarely moderate) elevations and high-elevation glades; sometimes locally abundant.
STEMS: Stems trailing and just below surface, branched, hairy; flowering stems (with 1 or 2 leaves) separate from leaves.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, on petioles with lance-shaped stipules, palmately divided into 3 leaflets (each 1/2-1 in. long) bearing 3-5 teeth at the squared-off tip, somewhat leathery, shiny green above and pale green beneath, evergreen and turning bright red in winter.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in stalked, branching, few-flowered clusters; white; to 1/2 in. wide; consisting of 5 spreading oval petals, a bowl-shaped calyx with 5 short triangular lobes and a dense cluster of a few pistils and 20-30 stamens.
FRUITS: Fruit a cluster of hairy, brown achenes surrounded by persistent calyx lobes.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-12 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Aug
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: High elevation, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
99 2012-0071 2012-11-13 100 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
100 HORT 2010-08-01 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
155 99 42 Mixon 2012-03-11 View
156 99 43 Mixon 2012-06-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SITR3
USDA Common Name: Shrubby Fivefingers
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (CT, GA, IA, IL, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (AB, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK), DEN (GL), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sibbaldia retusa
COMMON NAME: Mountain-cinquefoil, Three-toothed Cinquefoil, Mountain White Potentilla, Wine-leaf Cinquefoil, White Sibbaldia
SYNONYMY: [= Y; = Sibbaldia tridentata (Aiton) Paule & Soják - Va, Z; = Sibbaldiopsis tridentata (Aiton) Rydberg - FNA, K, S; = Potentilla tridentata Aiton - C, F, G, Pa, RAB, W, WV]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug; Jul-Sep.
HABITAT: Grassy balds, crevices of rock outcrops at high (rarely moderate) elevations, high elevation glades, sometimes very locally abundant.
COMMENTS: Greenland and NL (Newfoundland) west to NT, south to ND, IA, WI, MI, s. ON, and NS, and in the mountains to w. VA, ne. TN, and ne. GA (at progressively higher elevations southward). Showy in flower, and also in leaf from late summer on, when the leaves tend to turn a rich burgundy red. Though superficially appearing herbaceous, S. tridentata is really an evergreen sub-shrub. Bresawar & Walker (2011) discuss the genetic structure of populations in e. United States. The older epithet retusa (1780, based on a type from Greenland) has priority over tridentata (1789) (Eriksson et al. 2015).
RANGE MAP: Sibbaldia retusa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sibbaldiopsis Rydb. (Sibbaldiopsis)
SUMMARY:
REFERENCE: USDA Plants

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sibbaldiopsis tridentata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sibbaldiopsis tridentata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sibbaldiopsis tridentata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sibbaldiopsis tridentata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sibbaldiopsis tridentata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sibbaldiopsis tridentata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 24436
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 24317

From the Image Gallery


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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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