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Schizachyrium scoparium

Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash

little bluestem

Cultivar(s): Blue Heaven, Prairie Blues, The Blues
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)
Image ID: 30464
Image by: Oglesby, Emily
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SCSC
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Schizachyrium scoparium
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
36 Blue Heaven View
20 Prairie Blues View
62 The Blues View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SCHIZ4
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Schizachyrium
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nees
GENUS COMMON: Little bluestem
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, widespread in tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions of the World.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Wipff (1996a)=Z; Gandhi (1989)=Y; Wipff in FNA (2003a). Key based in part on Wipff in FNA (2003a).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: POACEA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Poaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Grass Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: June-December
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Downy Silver plumes
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: throughout U.S. & Canada

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Little bluestem is a common grass found throughout eastern United States and is an ideal choice for low maintenance landscaping and erosion control. It is best planted in mass or tucked between other native perennials and works in both formal and informal landscapes. Its unique, blue-green foliage will stand out in any setting. Leave it standing in winter and cup back in spring to encourage fresh new growth. This plant thrives in hot dry sites where other plants have a hard time surviving.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
300 2011-0164 2011-07-09 304 View
1892 1986-1673 View
4233 1992-0389 View
7201 1999-0163 1999-11-10 View
7349 2000-0086 2000-03-14 View
7350 2000-0087 2000-03-14 View
7393 2000-0136 2000-04-05 View
7692 2001-0046 2001-04-25 View
8126 2004-0135 2006-05-19 View
8147 2004-0157 2006-05-19 View
8867 2011-0074 2011-04-28 1878 View
9023 1996-0216 0000-00-00 1465 View
9361 2020-0052 2021-03-15 2452 View
9438 2021-0070 2021-07-01 304 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
304 HORT 2010-11-12 Poythress View
549 SOS 2015-10-14 Driskill View
630 SOS 2015-11-12 Maynard View
782 SOS 2016-10-04 Walker View
788 SOS 2016-10-06 Flood View
799 SOS 2016-10-06 Faucette View
1439 HORT 2006-01-01 Bryan View
1465 HORT 1996-11-12 View
1878 HORT 2011-03-30 Gocke View
2452 HORT 2020-05-22 Stern View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
711 300 111 NCBG staff 2011-07-15 View
712 300 111 Liloia 2011-08-22 View
713 300 23 Steen 2011-11-03 View
974 8867 41 NCBG staff 2011-04-21 View
975 8867 40 Mixon 2011-10-03 View
2988 1892 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
6561 4233 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
9296 9023 142 NCBG staff 1996-11-12 View
10147 7201 123 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
10325 7349 175 NCBG staff 2000-03-08 View
10326 7350 175 NCBG staff 2000-03-08 View
10387 7393 143 NCBG staff 1999-08-15 View
10880 7692 200 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11379 8126 200 NCBG staff 2003-03-03 View
11401 8147 200 NCBG staff 2003-02-14 View
12566 9361 230 Wait 2020-06-23 View
12567 9361 231 Wait 2020-06-23 View
12667 0 19 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12687 0 16 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12773 9438 23 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12811 0 15 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SCSC
USDA Common Name: Little Bluestem
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU UPL FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Schizachyrium Nees (Little bluestem)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, widespread in tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions of the World.
REFERENCE: Wipff (1996a)=Z; Gandhi (1989)=Y; Wipff in FNA (2003a). Key based in part on Wipff in FNA (2003a).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Schizachyrium scoparium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Schizachyrium scoparium in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Schizachyrium scoparium in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Schizachyrium scoparium in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Schizachyrium scoparium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Schizachyrium scoparium

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 30464
ID IMAGE2: 17142
ID IMAGE3: 30464

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24 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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