Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa

Sarracenia purpurea L. var. venosa (Raf.) Fernald

southern purple pitcherplant

Synonym(s): Sarracenia purpurea ssp. venosa
Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa (Southern Purple Pitcherplant)
Image ID: 17109
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SAPUV
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-27

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SARRA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sarracenia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pitcherplant
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Hybrids between the various species of pitcher-plants are relatively frequent; see Bell (1952), Bell & Case (1956), Mellichamp (2008), and Mellichamp in FNA (2009) for further discussion. They are usually rather easy to determine, since they show intermediacy in characters, and usually are found in close proximity to both parents.
GENUS REFERENCES: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SARRAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Sarraceniaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Pitcherplant Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Carnivorous perennial of wet pine savannas, sandhill seepage bogs and hillside seepage bogs.
STEMS: Stems underground, sending up several pitchers and a single flower stalk per plant.
LEAVES: Leaves are erect to leaning or reclining, green pitchers (tubes that trap insects), to 8 in. long, often tinged or veined with red or purple and inflated; the erect, flaring hood is kidney-shaped with a scalloped edge.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers are solitary and nodding from a single, erect scape, 8-15 in. tall and above the pitchers; maroon to red (rarely pink); consisting of 5 drooping oval petals (1-2 in. long), 5 spreading roundish sepals (reddish-purple) and an umbrella-like structure in the center.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 14 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR: Maroon, red
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: VA, NC & SC

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The Purple Pitcher-plant produces green to red pitchers with dark purplish veins through the growing season. Its modified leaves lie flat on the ground, with their open ends facing upwards. Pitcher-plants are best grown in peat moss in containers, duplicating their natural habitat. They need at least six hours of sun each day.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
72 2013-0020 2013-07-01 75 View
1162 1985-0919 View
1163 1985-0920 View
1172 1985-0933 View
1173 1985-0934 View
8817 2007-0090 2007-04-23 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
75 HORT 2007-08-15 Walker View
1173 HORT 2006-11-09 Walker View
1861 HORT Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
92 72 64 Liloia 2013-06-18 View
2061 1162 144 NCBG staff 1984-03-01 View
2062 1163 144 NCBG staff 1984-09-01 View
2068 1173 144 NCBG staff 1985-08-12 View
12077 8817 125 Liloia 2007-04-19 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SAPUV
USDA Common Name: Southern Purple Pitcherplant
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (GA, NC, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa
COMMON NAME: Southern Purple Pitcherplant
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Z; = S. purpurea ssp. venosa (Rafinesque) Fernald - FNA; < S. purpurea - GW, Q, RAB, S, U, Va, W; = S. purpurea Linnaeus ssp. purpurea var. purpurea - K1; = S. purpurea ssp. venosa (Rafinesque) Fernald var. venosa - K3, X, Y; = S. purpurea var. purpurea - Reveal (1993)]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Wet savannas, sandhill seepage bogs, hillside seepage bogs.
COMMENTS: Var. venosa is restricted to the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the se. United States, ranging from se. VA south to se. SC and e. GA; perhaps disjunct in e. LA. See MacRoberts & MacRoberts (2004) for a detailed discussion about old LA collections of S. purpurea or S. rosea. For those tolerant of quadrinomial taxonomy, plants in our area may be considered S. purpurea ssp. venosa (Rafinesque) Fernald var. venosa. It is notable, though, that the findings of Godt & Hamrick (1999) and Ellison et al. (2004) do not support the greater relationship of the southern taxa to one another and their divergence from the northern taxon, and thus do not support the quadrinomial taxonomy.
RANGE MAP: Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Sarraceniaceae Dumortier 1829 (Pitcherplant Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sarracenia L. (Pitcherplant)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
REFERENCE: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 17109
ID IMAGE2: 17115
ID IMAGE3: 30432

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 13074

Image ID: 17110

Image ID: 17111

Image ID: 17112

Image ID: 17113

Image ID: 17114

Image ID: 17115

Image ID: 30432

Image ID: 30433

Image ID: 30434
11 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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