Plant Index


 
 
 

Sarracenia purpurea

Sarracenia purpurea L.

northern purple pitcherplant

Cultivar(s): Friar Tuck, Hobbit, Insane Laughter
Sarracenia purpurea (Northern Purple Pitcherplant)
Image ID: 7584
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SAPU4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia purpurea
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-03-04

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
239 Friar Tuck View
1072 Hobbit View
1073 Insane Laughter View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SARRA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sarracenia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pitcherplant
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Hybrids between the various species of pitcher-plants are relatively frequent; see Bell (1952), Bell & Case (1956), Mellichamp (2008), and Mellichamp in FNA (2009) for further discussion. They are usually rather easy to determine, since they show intermediacy in characters, and usually are found in close proximity to both parents.
GENUS REFERENCES: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SARRAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Sarraceniaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Pitcherplant Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1010 1985-0706 View
1135 1985-0883 View
1136 1985-0886 View
1181 1985-0943 View
1184 1985-0946 View
1193 1985-0960 View
1202 1985-0972 View
1881 1986-1662 View
2227 1986-2047 View
2347 1986-2184 View
3217 1990-0059 View
8460 2005-0550 2006-05-30 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
969 HORT 1980-09-01 Gardner View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1891 1010 144 NCBG staff 1985-08-06 View
2042 1135 144 NCBG staff 1985-08-08 View
2072 1181 144 NCBG staff 1985-09-26 View
2975 1881 64 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3878 2227 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5386 3217 81 NCBG staff 1989-11-01 View
11685 8460 125 NCBG staff 2005-09-27 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SAPU4
USDA Common Name: Purple Pitcherplant
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AL, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), CAN (AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
22039 S3 S3 G5 G5 W6

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea
COMMON NAME: Northern Purple Pitcherplant
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Z; < S. purpurea ssp. purpurea - FNA, K3; < S. purpurea - GW, Pa, Q, RAB, S, U, W, WV; = S. purpurea ssp. gibbosa (Rafinesque) Wherry - K1; = S. purpurea var. terrae-novae de la Pylaie - Reveal (1993); = S. purpurea ssp. purpurea - X]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Bogs.
COMMENTS: The species as a whole is widespread in e. North America, the only Sarracenia to extend north of se. VA. Var. purpurea ranges from NL (Labrador) to NT and BC, south to NJ, DE, e. MD, w. MD (where not native), ne. VA, e. WV (where not native), OH, IN, IL, MN, and WA. A nomenclatural battle about the application of the typic variety has been resolved, with var. purpurea applying to the northern variety (Reveal 1993, Cheek 1994, Kartesz & Gandhi 1995, Cheek 2001).
RANGE MAP: Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Sarraceniaceae Dumortier 1829 (Pitcherplant Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sarracenia L. (Pitcherplant)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
REFERENCE: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sarracenia purpurea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sarracenia purpurea in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sarracenia purpurea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sarracenia purpurea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sarracenia purpurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sarracenia purpurea

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7584
ID IMAGE2: 7583
ID IMAGE3: 4231

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 4232

Image ID: 7583

Image ID: 19604

Image ID: 4231

Image ID: 4237

Image ID: 18705

Image ID: 11924

Image ID: 19395
9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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