Plant Index


 
 
 

Sarracenia psittacina

Sarracenia psittacina Michx.

parrot pitcherplant

Cultivar(s): Catapult, Giant Leaf Form, Snorkel
Sarracenia psittacina (Parrot Pitcherplant)
Image ID: 13073
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SAPS2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia psittacina
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-26

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1557 Catapult View
1558 Giant Leaf Form View
1559 Snorkel View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SARRA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sarracenia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pitcherplant
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Hybrids between the various species of pitcher-plants are relatively frequent; see Bell (1952), Bell & Case (1956), Mellichamp (2008), and Mellichamp in FNA (2009) for further discussion. They are usually rather easy to determine, since they show intermediacy in characters, and usually are found in close proximity to both parents.
GENUS REFERENCES: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SARRAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Sarraceniaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Pitcherplant Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Carnivorous perennial of wet pine savannas; less commonly found on floating peat mats.
STEMS: Stems underground, sending up several pitchers and a single flower stalk per plant.
LEAVES: Leaves are narrow, green and red pitchers (tubes that trap insects), 3-12 in. long, with many white patches; they usually lie on the ground in a rosette and each has a broad, curved wing on the upper side and a rounded hood (the parrot head referenced in common name) nearly closing the opening.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flower solitary, nodding from the top of an erect stalk taller than the pitchers; maroon; consisting of 5 drooping oblong petals (1-2 in. long), 5 strongly curved triangular sepals and an umbrella-like structure in the center.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 6 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Maroon
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, SC

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1012 1985-0710 View
1133 1985-0881 View
1158 1985-0914 View
6549 1996-0179 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
2059 1158 144 NCBG staff 1985-09-25 View
9252 6549 151 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SAPS2
USDA Common Name: Parrot Pitcherplant
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, SC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia psittacina
COMMON NAME: Parrot Pitcherplant
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K1, K3, Q, S, U, WH3, X, Z]
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT: Savannas, less commonly on floating peat mats.
COMMENTS: This distinctive species is distributed primarily in the East Gulf Coastal Plain, but ranges east to the Atlantic Coastal Plain of e. GA (Bullock County), in close proximity to the SC border.
RANGE MAP: Sarracenia psittacina.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Sarraceniaceae Dumortier 1829 (Pitcherplant Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sarracenia L. (Pitcherplant)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
REFERENCE: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sarracenia psittacina in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sarracenia psittacina in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sarracenia psittacina in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sarracenia psittacina in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sarracenia psittacina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sarracenia psittacina

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13073
ID IMAGE2: 13072
ID IMAGE3: 18703

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 18703

Image ID: 18704
11 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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