Plant Index


 
 
 

Sarracenia minor

Sarracenia minor Walter

hooded pitcherplant

Sarracenia minor (Hooded Pitcherplant)
Image ID: 18699
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SAMI9
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia minor
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-05

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SARRA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sarracenia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pitcherplant
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Hybrids between the various species of pitcher-plants are relatively frequent; see Bell (1952), Bell & Case (1956), Mellichamp (2008), and Mellichamp in FNA (2009) for further discussion. They are usually rather easy to determine, since they show intermediacy in characters, and usually are found in close proximity to both parents.
GENUS REFERENCES: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SARRAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Sarraceniaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Pitcherplant Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Carnivorous perennial of wet pine savannas, seepage slopes and bogs.
STEMS: Stems underground, sending up several pitchers and a single flower stalk per plant.
LEAVES: Leaves are erect, green pitchers (tubes that trap insects) tinged with red, embellished with white patches (actually opaque windows) on upper parts and with a strongly curved hood, which covers the opening; a narrow wing runs along length of pitcher.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flower solitary, nodding from the top of an erect stalk slightly shorter than pitchers; light yellow; consisting of 5 drooping petals (1-2 in. long), 5 strongly curved triangular sepals (also yellow, sometimes reddening with age) and an umbrella-like structure in the center.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Sarracenia minor var. okefenokeensis has taller pitchers (to as much as 28 in.) and the flowering stalk is decidedly shorter than the pitchers.
HEIGHT: to 14 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: (Jan-) Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: NC, SC, GA & FL

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1004 1985-0700 View
1007 1985-0703 View
1167 1985-0924 View
1168 1985-0925 View
1198 1985-0967 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1139 HORT 1980-09-01 View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1883 1004 144 NCBG staff 1985-08-06 View
1888 1007 144 NCBG staff 1985-08-06 View
2081 1198 144 NCBG staff 1985-10-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SAMI9
USDA Common Name: Hooded Pitcherplant
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (FL, GA, NC, SC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia minor var. minor
COMMON NAME: Hooded Pitcherplant
SYNONYMY: [= K3; < S. minor - FNA, GW, K1, Q, RAB, S, U, WH3, X, Z]
PHENOLOGY: (Jan-) Mar-May; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Wet savannas.
COMMENTS: Se. NC south through SC and GA to c. peninsular and e. Panhandle FL.
RANGE MAP: Sarracenia minor var. minor.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Sarraceniaceae Dumortier 1829 (Pitcherplant Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sarracenia L. (Pitcherplant)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
REFERENCE: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sarracenia minor in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sarracenia minor in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sarracenia minor in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sarracenia minor in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sarracenia minor in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sarracenia minor

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18699
ID IMAGE2: 18699
ID IMAGE3: 18699

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