Plant Index


 
 
 

Sarracenia flava

Sarracenia flava L.

yellow pitcherplant, trumpets

Cultivar(s): Sun Warrior
Sarracenia flava (Yellow Pitcherplant)
Image ID: 13062
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SAFL4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia flava
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1546 Sun Warrior View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SARRA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sarracenia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pitcherplant
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Hybrids between the various species of pitcher-plants are relatively frequent; see Bell (1952), Bell & Case (1956), Mellichamp (2008), and Mellichamp in FNA (2009) for further discussion. They are usually rather easy to determine, since they show intermediacy in characters, and usually are found in close proximity to both parents.
GENUS REFERENCES: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: SARRAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Sarraceniaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Pitcherplant Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Carnivorous perennial of wet pine savannas, seepage bogs and pocosins.
STEMS: Stems underground, sending up several leaves and a single flower stalk per plant.
LEAVES: Leaves erect, yellowish-green pitchers (tubes that trap insects) with a hood partially covering the opening, often streaked with red and with a red band around base of hood. A narrow wing runs along length of pitcher. Long, flat, erect leaves (phyllodia) are produced in late summer.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flower solitary, nodding from top of an erect stalk about equal in height to pitchers, yellow, with 5 drooping petals (2-3 in. long), 5 strongly curved (also yellow) triangular sepals, and an umbrella-shaped structure in the center.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Endemic to the southeastern U.S. In the centers of peat domes and large peat-filled Carolina bays, S. flava is sometimes very abundant, occasionally the dominant plant over a large area.
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: March-April
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: May-Jun.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Yellow pitcher-plant matures to be one of the tallest of all the southeastern pitcher-plants. This native carnivorous plant attracts bees, wasps, beetles and other insects to its leaf traps by producing nectar. This is one of the first pitcher-plants to bloom in the spring, usually around early April in our area. A brochure on growing native carnivorous plants is available upon request.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1008 1985-0704 View
1143 1985-0894 View
1154 1985-0909 View
1155 1985-0910 View
1156 1985-0911 View
1157 1985-0913 View
1882 1986-1663 View
3305 1990-0169 View
8966 1992-0067 0000-00-00 991 View
9214 2006-0658 2020-05-07 1862 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
991 HORT 1986-01-01 View
1029 HORT 1979-09-01 Gardner View
1626 HORT 1982-10-15 View
1862 HORT Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1889 1008 144 NCBG staff 1985-08-06 View
2047 1143 144 NCBG staff 1985-09-26 View
2976 1882 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
5489 3305 59 NCBG staff 2001-03-15 View
6235 8966 63 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
12300 9214 125 Liloia 2007-11-14 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SAFL4
USDA Common Name: Yellow Pitcherplant
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, NC, NJ, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarracenia flava
COMMON NAME: Yellow Pitcherplant, Trumpets
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K1, K3, Q, RAB, U, Va, W, WH3, Z; < S. flava - S (also see S. oreophila); > S. flava var. flava - X; > S. flava var. atropurpurea (Bull) C.R. Bell - X; > S. flava var. maxima Bull ex Masters - X; > S. flava var. ornata Bull ex Masters - X; > S. flava var. cuprea Schnell - X; > S. flava var. rugelii (Shuttleworth ex de Candolle) Masters - X; > S. flava var. rubricorpora Schnell - X]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; May-Jun.
HABITAT: Savannas, seepage bogs, pocosins.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to n. FL and west to s. AL and se. MS. In the centers of peat domes and large peat-filled Carolina bays, S. flava is sometimes very abundant, occasionally the dominant plant over areas exceeding several square kilometers.
RANGE MAP: Sarracenia flava.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Sarraceniaceae Dumortier 1829 (Pitcherplant Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 22 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America (Sarracenia), w. North America (Darlingtonia), and ne. South America (Heliamphora).
REFERENCE: Mellichamp in FNA (2009); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Kubitzki in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sarracenia L. (Pitcherplant)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial insectivorous herbs, of e. North America. The sections that have sometimes been recognized do not accord with recent findings about clades and relationships within Sarracenia, so are not recognized here.
REFERENCE: Mellichamp & Case in FNA (2009); McDaniel (1971)=U; Wood (1960)=Z; Schnell & Determann (1997)=Y; Schnell (2002b)=X; Bell (1949)=Q; Case & Case (1976)=V; McPherson (2007); Neyland & Merchant (2006); Schnell (1979, 1981, 1993, 1998, 2002a); Bell (1952); Bell & Case (1956); Reveal (1993); Cheek (1994, 2001); Godt & Hamrick (1999); Naczi et al. (1999); Romanowski (2002); Catalani (2004); Mellichamp (2008).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sarracenia flava in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sarracenia flava in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sarracenia flava in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sarracenia flava in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sarracenia flava in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sarracenia flava

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13062
ID IMAGE2: 21853
ID IMAGE3: 17099

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32 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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