american burnet, canada burnet, canadian burnet, white burnet
Synonym(s): Sanguisorba canadensis ssp. latifolia, Sanguisorba canadensis var. latifolia, Sanguisorba sitchensis, Sanguisorba stipulata
Image ID: 21167
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguisorba canadensis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-22
GENUS CODE: SANGU2 GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Sanguisorba GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Burnet GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 15 or more species, herbs, of Eurasia, n. Africa, and North America, as here circumscribed to exclude Poterium and Poteridium. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Weakley in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Nordborg (1966, 1967)=Y; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004). [also see Poteridium and Poterium]
FAMILY CODE: ROSACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Rosaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate. FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
INTRO:Erect to ascendingperennial of fens, seeps, seepage swamps, spray zones around waterfalls, other seepage wetlands and wet meadows, usually over mafic/ultramafic or calcareous rocks. STEMS: Stems simple or branched, mostly smooth. LEAVES: Leaves alternate, on petioles with coarsely toothed stipules, to 18 in. long, pinnately divided into 7--17 coarsely toothed, narrowly oblong leaflets (1--2Â½ in. long) and with an (often) red rachis. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers densely packed in long-stalked, cylindricterminal spikes (2-8 in. long), lower flowers blooming first; white; each consisting of a tiny calyx with 4 spreading lobes (no petals), 4 conspicuous stamens with long filaments, and a pistil. FRUITS: COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 2-6 ft. DURATION:
Alternate LEAF COMPLEXITY: LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
BLOOM COLOR: Fuzzy white flowers
FRUITING PERIOD: DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE: HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The genus name (Sanguisorba) refers to the juice of the plant reputed to stop bleeding. Burnet comes from an old French word for the color brown due to the European species which has reddish brown flowers. Our native Burnet has bottlebrush spikes of white flowers on stems that may reach 6 feet in height. Summer blooming and very tolerant of wet conditions, this plant will form a satisfying clump where happy. Good choice for a boggy area in your garden. The flowers can be quite dramatic.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguisorba canadensis
COMMON NAME: Canada Burnet, American Burnet, White Burnet
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV, Z]
HABITAT: Fens, seeps, seepage swamps, spray zones around waterfalls, other seepage wetlands, wet meadows, over mafic or ultramafic rocks (such as amphibolite, greenstone, serpentinite) or calcareous rocks.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) and NL (Labrador) west to MB, south to NJ, PA, OH, and IN; disjunct southward in KY, nc. VA, and from sw. VA south to sw. NC, ne. TN, and ne. GA. First reported for SC by Hill & Horn (1997) and Hill (1999).
RANGE MAP: Sanguisorba canadensis.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate. REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Sanguisorba L. (Burnet) SUMMARY: A genus of 15 or more species, herbs, of Eurasia, n. Africa, and North America, as here circumscribed to exclude Poterium and Poteridium. REFERENCE: Weakley in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Nordborg (1966, 1967)=Y; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004). [also see Poteridium and Poterium]
SERNEC: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)