Plant Index


 
 
 

Sanguisorba canadensis

Sanguisorba canadensis L.

american burnet, canada burnet, canadian burnet, white burnet

Synonym(s): Sanguisorba canadensis ssp. latifolia, Sanguisorba canadensis var. latifolia, Sanguisorba sitchensis, Sanguisorba stipulata
Sanguisorba canadensis (American Burnet)
Image ID: 21167
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SACA14
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguisorba canadensis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-22

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SANGU2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sanguisorba
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Burnet
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 15 or more species, herbs, of Eurasia, n. Africa, and North America, as here circumscribed to exclude Poterium and Poteridium.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Weakley in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Nordborg (1966, 1967)=Y; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004). [also see Poteridium and Poterium]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect to ascending perennial of fens, seeps, seepage swamps, spray zones around waterfalls, other seepage wetlands and wet meadows, usually over mafic/ultramafic or calcareous rocks.
STEMS: Stems simple or branched, mostly smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, on petioles with coarsely toothed stipules, to 18 in. long, pinnately divided into 7--17 coarsely toothed, narrowly oblong leaflets (1--2½ in. long) and with an (often) red rachis.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers densely packed in long-stalked, cylindric terminal spikes (2-8 in. long), lower flowers blooming first; white; each consisting of a tiny calyx with 4 spreading lobes (no petals), 4 conspicuous stamens with long filaments, and a pistil.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Fuzzy white flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The genus name (Sanguisorba) refers to the juice of the plant reputed to stop bleeding. Burnet comes from an old French word for the color brown due to the European species which has reddish brown flowers. Our native Burnet has bottlebrush spikes of white flowers on stems that may reach 6 feet in height. Summer blooming and very tolerant of wet conditions, this plant will form a satisfying clump where happy. Good choice for a boggy area in your garden. The flowers can be quite dramatic.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
306 2011-0173 2011-07-09 311 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
311 HORT 2009-11-04 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
720 306 44 NCBG staff 2011-05-10 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SACA14
USDA Common Name: Canadian Burnet
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, CT, DC, DE, GA, ID, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WA, WV), CAN (BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, QC, YT), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguisorba canadensis
COMMON NAME: Canada Burnet, American Burnet, White Burnet
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Fens, seeps, seepage swamps, spray zones around waterfalls, other seepage wetlands, wet meadows, over mafic or ultramafic rocks (such as amphibolite, greenstone, serpentinite) or calcareous rocks.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) and NL (Labrador) west to MB, south to NJ, PA, OH, and IN; disjunct southward in KY, nc. VA, and from sw. VA south to sw. NC, ne. TN, and ne. GA. First reported for SC by Hill & Horn (1997) and Hill (1999).
RANGE MAP: Sanguisorba canadensis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sanguisorba L. (Burnet)
SUMMARY: A genus of 15 or more species, herbs, of Eurasia, n. Africa, and North America, as here circumscribed to exclude Poterium and Poteridium.
REFERENCE: Weakley in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Nordborg (1966, 1967)=Y; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004). [also see Poteridium and Poterium]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sanguisorba canadensis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 21167
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 21168

Image ID: 21169

Image ID: 21170

Image ID: 25752

Image ID: 38958

Image ID: 11914
7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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