Plant Index


 
 
 

Sanguinaria canadensis

Sanguinaria canadensis L.

bloodroot, red puccoon

Synonym(s): Sanguinaria canadensis var. rotundifolia
Cultivar(s): Plena
Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot)
Image ID: 9550
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: SACA13
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguinaria canadensis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-05

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1545 Plena View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: SANGU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Sanguinaria
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Bloodroot
GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, a perennial herb, of e. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Kiger in FNA (1997); Kadereit in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PAPAVE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Papaveraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Poppy Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 23 genera and about 230 species, mainly herbs (some shrubs and small trees), largely north temperate in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Kiger in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Kadereit in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Stemless, often colonial perennial of moist, nutrient-rich forests.
STEMS: Underground stem (rhizome) sends up leaves and flower stalks in early spring.
LEAVES: Leaves at first wrapped around the smooth, red-tinged stalk but soon expand to 5 in. or more wide; kidney-shaped, irregularly palmately lobed (3–9 lobes), waxy-green and wavy-margined.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers solitary on naked stalk, bright white, 1-2 in. wide, consisting of 6-12 elliptic petals surrounding a center of many yellow stamens and a single green ovary.
FRUITS: Fruit an erect, waxy-green, spindle-shaped capsule that splits lengthwise.
COMMENTS: Stem/rhizome exudes orange-red sap if broken.
HEIGHT: 6-12 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate, Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: (Late Jan-) Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Apr-May

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: In early spring, bloodroot, a member of the poppy family, produces short-lived, snow-white flowers that open during the day and close at night. Unlike many other spring bloomers, the deeply-lobed blue-green foliage of this perennial persist in the landscape until mid- to late summer. Narrow upright seed pods hold ant dispersed seeds. Under optimal conditions this species will spread to form sizeable patches. The red sap found in the underground stems of bloodroot was used by Native Americans as a dye for baskets and clothing.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
124 2012-0098 2012-12-15 125 View
178 2008-0350 2019-07-05 178 View
1399 1986-1179 View
2125 1986-1929 View
3165 1989-0146 View
3634 1991-0319 View
3669 1991-0363 View
4195 1992-0351 View
5365 1995-0487 View
5731 1995-0857 View
6301 1995-1433 View
6830 1998-0035 View
7570 2000-0333 2000-10-06 View
8352 2005-0120 2005-04-28 View
8623 2006-0205 2006-08-22 View
9325 2018-0209 View
9343 2021-0012 2021-02-22 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
125 HORT NCBG staff View
178 HORT 2008-03-17 MacIntyre View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
228 124 15 Steen 2012-03-21 View
355 178 170 MacIntyre 2008-03-17 View
2444 1399 94 NCBG staff 2006-10-12 View
2445 1399 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2446 1399 83 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2447 1399 91 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3591 2125 74 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3592 2125 11 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3593 2125 72 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3594 2125 73 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3595 2125 76 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3596 2125 80 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3597 2125 187 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3598 2125 188 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5316 3165 74 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5933 3634 142 Liloia 1991-04-20 View
5971 3669 81 NCBG staff 1991-04-01 View
6523 4195 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7840 5365 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7841 5365 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8245 5731 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8956 6301 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9678 6830 170 NCBG staff 1997-04-15 View
10644 7570 80 NCBG staff 1999-06-11 View
10645 7570 75 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10646 7570 78 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10647 7570 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10648 7570 198 NCBG staff 1999-05-01 View
11628 8352 1 NCBG staff 2005-04-05 View
11629 8352 60 NCBG staff 2005-04-05 View
11812 8623 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
12482 9325 145 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12526 9343 209 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12527 9343 212 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12528 9343 214 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12529 9343 210 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12530 9343 211 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: SACA13
USDA Common Name: Bloodroot
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL UPL UPL FACU FACU UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguinaria canadensis
COMMON NAME: Bloodroot, Red Puccoon
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, G, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3; > S. canadensis var. canadensis - F; > S. canadensis var. rotundifolia (Greene) Fedde - F]
PHENOLOGY: (Late Jan-) Mar-Apr; Apr-May.
HABITAT: Moist nutrient-rich forests.
COMMENTS: NS west to MN and MB, south to Panhandle FL and OK. Fernald recognized two varieties var. rotundifolia, more southern and the primary form in our area, considered to have leaves less lobed than the more northern var. canadensis; leaf shape variability within populations makes it impractical to recognize infraspecific taxa.
RANGE MAP: Sanguinaria canadensis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Papaveraceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Poppy Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 23 genera and about 230 species, mainly herbs (some shrubs and small trees), largely north temperate in distribution.
REFERENCE: Kiger in FNA (1997); Wang et al. (2009); Kadereit in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Sanguinaria L. (Bloodroot)
SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, a perennial herb, of e. North America.
REFERENCE: Kiger in FNA (1997); Kadereit in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Sanguinaria canadensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Sanguinaria canadensis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Sanguinaria canadensis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Sanguinaria canadensis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Sanguinaria canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sanguinaria canadensis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9550
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9550

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