Plant Index


 
 
 

Rosa carolina

Rosa carolina L.

carolina rose

Rosa carolina (Carolina Rose)
Image ID: 18627
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ROCA4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rosa carolina
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ROSA5
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Rosa
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Rose
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of more than 100 species, shrubs or woody vines; mainly of north temperate regions. Many cultivars cannot be readily identified to species.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Lewis, Ertter, & Bruneau in FNA (2014); Joly & Bruneau (2007)=Y; Lewis (2008); Robertson (1974)=Z; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004). Key adapted in part from FNA and Y.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: height and spread 3-6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May and June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink fragrant flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: central & eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The Carolina, or pasture, rose is a freely suckering shrub forming broad spreading thickets at maturity. This rose produces single, fragrant, rich pink flowers followed by red hips and dull red foliage in the fall. Found in moist to dry prairies, open woods, thickets, clearings and roadsides, it prefers rocky or sandy, well drained soils, is drought tolerant and can withstand more shade than most roses. This rose is a source of nectar for butterflies and its red hips attract birds. The genus Rosa supports up to 122 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
136 2010-0049 2010-11-04 137 View
285 2011-0145 2011-06-16 290 View
2013 1986-1806 View
2337 1986-2172 View
2830 1987-0333 View
3139 1989-0103 View
3809 1991-0504 View
4510 1992-0666 View
4984 1995-0102 View
5185 1995-0304 View
5828 1995-0955 View
6288 1995-1420 View
7714 2001-0068 2001-05-16 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
137 HORT 2008-06-23 NCBG staff View
290 HORT 2009-01-01 NCBG staff View
940 SOS 2017-10-07 Faucette View
1832 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
265 136 105 Liloia 2010-10-25 View
266 136 102 Liloia 2010-10-25 View
267 136 108 NCBG staff 2011-03-03 View
268 136 100 NCBG staff 2011-03-18 View
269 136 109 Poythress 2011-11-14 View
270 136 29 Mixon 2012-10-01 View
676 285 21 NCBG staff 2011-04-08 View
3238 2013 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4020 2337 81 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
4701 2830 8 NCBG staff 1986-06-30 View
4702 2830 8 NCBG staff 1986-06-30 View
4703 2830 8 NCBG staff 1986-06-30 View
4704 2830 8 NCBG staff 1986-06-30 View
5265 3139 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6118 3809 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6838 4510 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7403 4984 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7634 5185 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8342 5828 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8943 6288 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10903 7714 81 NCBG staff 2001-03-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ROCA4
USDA Common Name: Carolina Rose
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Rosa L. (Rose)
SUMMARY: A genus of more than 100 species, shrubs or woody vines; mainly of north temperate regions. Many cultivars cannot be readily identified to species.
REFERENCE: Lewis, Ertter, & Bruneau in FNA (2014); Joly & Bruneau (2007)=Y; Lewis (2008); Robertson (1974)=Z; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004). Key adapted in part from FNA and Y.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Rosa carolina in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Rosa carolina in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Rosa carolina in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Rosa carolina in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Rosa carolina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rosa carolina

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18627
ID IMAGE2: 7759
ID IMAGE3: 18627

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 18628
12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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