Plant Index


 
 
 

Rhus glabra

Rhus glabra L.

smooth sumac

Synonym(s): Rhus borealis, Rhus calophylla, Rhus glabra var. cismontana, Rhus glabra var. laciniata, Rhus glabra var. occidentalis
Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac)
Image ID: 18614
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: RHGL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rhus glabra
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-08-30

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: RHUS
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Rhus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Sumac
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 35 species, trees, shrubs, and lianas, temperate and subtropical, of Eurasia, Hawaii, North America, and n. Central America. The subgenera and sections follow Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Two hybrids have been documented to occur naturally in our area: Rhus ×borealis Greene (glabra × typhina) and Rhus ×ashei (Small) Greene (glabra × michauxii). They are intermediate between their parents. For instance, R. ×ashei has sparsely pubescent leaves and stems, slight winging of the rachis between the terminal leaflets, greater potential stature than R. michauxii, and leaflets with a length/width ratio of 2.5-3. Hardin & Phillips (1985b) discuss other natural and artificial hybrids in Rhus.
GENUS REFERENCES: Barkley (1937)=Z; Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014); Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Yi, Miller, & Web (2007); Hardin & Phillips (1985a); Miller, Young, & Wen (2001).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ANACAR
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Anacardiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1818, nom. cons.
FAMILY COMMON: Cashew Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 70-81 genera and about 800-875 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and rarely herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Our representatives are all classed in subfamily Anacardioideae (Pell et al. 2011).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Barkley (1937).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 9-15 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Pinnate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed
NATIVE RANGE: North America & Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Smooth sumac is a spreading, open-growing shrub that spreads by root suckers and occurs in large colonies in fields, clearings, and prairies throughout North America. The large, compound pinnate leaves turn a brilliant scarlet color in the fall and provide a picturesque back drop in a naturalistic setting. Large clusters of berry-like fruit ripen to red and eventually maroon-brown and will persist throughout the winter and attract many species of birds.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
347 2011-0218 2011-11-01 351 View
3689 1991-0384 View
4531 1992-0687 View
5234 1995-0353 View
5429 1995-0552 View
5891 1995-1019 View
9393 2021-0026 2021-03-29 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
351 HORT 2009-10-23 Poythress View
941 SOS 2017-10-07 Dakar View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
844 347 23 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
5992 3689 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6859 4531 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7687 5234 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7943 5429 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8410 5891 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8411 5891 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
12646 9393 112 Daley 2020-02-28 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: RHGL
USDA Common Name: Smooth Sumac
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, ON, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rhus glabra
COMMON NAME: Smooth Sumac
SYNONYMY: [= C, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV; > R. glabra var. glabra - F, Z; > R. glabra var. laciniata Carričre - Z]
PHENOLOGY: Late May-Jul; Jun-Oct.
HABITAT: Disturbed areas, clearings, roadsides, woodlands.
COMMENTS: ME west to BC, south to Panhandle FL, TX, CA, and beyond.
RANGE MAP: Rhus glabra.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Anacardiaceae R. Brown 1818, nom. cons. (Cashew Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 70-81 genera and about 800-875 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and rarely herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Our representatives are all classed in subfamily Anacardioideae (Pell et al. 2011).
REFERENCE: Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Barkley (1937).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Rhus L. (Sumac)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 35 species, trees, shrubs, and lianas, temperate and subtropical, of Eurasia, Hawaii, North America, and n. Central America. The subgenera and sections follow Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014).
REFERENCE: Barkley (1937)=Z; Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014); Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Yi, Miller, & Web (2007); Hardin & Phillips (1985a); Miller, Young, & Wen (2001).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Rhus glabra in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Rhus glabra in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Rhus glabra in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Rhus glabra in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Rhus glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhus glabra

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18614
ID IMAGE2: 16754
ID IMAGE3: 18614

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 16754

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Image ID: 18615

Image ID: 35455

Image ID: 11820
17 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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