Plant Index


 
 
 

Rhus copallinum

Rhus copallinum L.

winged sumac

Synonym(s): Rhus copallina
Rhus copallinum (Winged Sumac)
Image ID: 18613
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: RHCO
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rhus copallinum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-18

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: RHUS
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Rhus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Sumac
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 35 species, trees, shrubs, and lianas, temperate and subtropical, of Eurasia, Hawaii, North America, and n. Central America. The subgenera and sections follow Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Two hybrids have been documented to occur naturally in our area: Rhus ×borealis Greene (glabra × typhina) and Rhus ×ashei (Small) Greene (glabra × michauxii). They are intermediate between their parents. For instance, R. ×ashei has sparsely pubescent leaves and stems, slight winging of the rachis between the terminal leaflets, greater potential stature than R. michauxii, and leaflets with a length/width ratio of 2.5-3. Hardin & Phillips (1985b) discuss other natural and artificial hybrids in Rhus.
GENUS REFERENCES: Barkley (1937)=Z; Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014); Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Yi, Miller, & Web (2007); Hardin & Phillips (1985a); Miller, Young, & Wen (2001).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ANACAR
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Anacardiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1818, nom. cons.
FAMILY COMMON: Cashew Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 70-81 genera and about 800-875 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and rarely herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Our representatives are all classed in subfamily Anacardioideae (Pell et al. 2011).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Barkley (1937).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 20-30 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Pinnate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME:
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pale yellow flowers red fruit
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Winged sumac is an ideal large shrub for dry, rocky spots in the landscape as well as more moist locations. Its brilliant red, crimson to scarlet colored fall leaves provide a picturesque back drop in a naturalistic setting. Does not do well in small small gardens, as species forms large spreading colonies if not kept in check. The fruit, a fuzzy crimson drupe, ripens in September-October can be used to make delicious red lemonade-like beverage.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
176 2018-0204 2019-07-03 View
214 2011-0037 2011-01-31 213 View
2222 1986-2042 View
3688 1991-0383 View
4530 1992-0686 View
5233 1995-0352 View
5428 1995-0551 View
5890 1995-1018 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
213 HORT 2009-10-30 Poythress View
476 SOS 2015-09-09 Faucette View
508 SOS 2015-09-21 Maynard View
516 SOS 2015-10-03 Dakar View
524 SOS 2015-10-06 Heraty View
527 SOS 2015-10-01 Maynard View
532 SOS 2015-10-07 Dakar View
587 SOS 2015-10-14 Driskill View
624 SOS 2015-11-12 Heraty View
737 SOS 2016-09-21 Dakar View
1476 HORT 2006-10-12 Walker View
2241 NPMD 2019-09-18 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
352 176 171 Neal 2018-10-01 View
433 214 100 Liloia 2011-02-01 View
3860 2222 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3861 2222 57 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3862 2222 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3863 2222 53 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3864 2222 55 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3865 2222 58 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5991 3688 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6858 4530 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7686 5233 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7942 5428 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8408 5890 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8409 5890 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: RHCO
USDA Common Name: Winged Sumac
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL FACU FACU UPL UPL UPL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Anacardiaceae R. Brown 1818, nom. cons. (Cashew Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 70-81 genera and about 800-875 species, trees, shrubs, lianas, and rarely herbs, of tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Our representatives are all classed in subfamily Anacardioideae (Pell et al. 2011).
REFERENCE: Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Barkley (1937).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Rhus L. (Sumac)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 35 species, trees, shrubs, and lianas, temperate and subtropical, of Eurasia, Hawaii, North America, and n. Central America. The subgenera and sections follow Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014).
REFERENCE: Barkley (1937)=Z; Andrés-Hernández et al. (2014); Pell et al. in Kubitzki (2011); Yi, Miller, & Web (2007); Hardin & Phillips (1985a); Miller, Young, & Wen (2001).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Rhus copallinum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Rhus copallinum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Rhus copallinum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Rhus copallinum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Rhus copallinum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhus copallinum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 18613
ID IMAGE2: 16752
ID IMAGE3: 18613

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33 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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