Plant Index


 
 
 

Prunus serotina

Prunus serotina Ehrh.

black cherry, rum cherry, wild black cherry

Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)
Image ID: 16508
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PRSE2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Prunus serotina
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-12-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PRUNU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Prunus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Plum
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan, but especially in north temperate regions. Liu et al. (2012) make a strong case for combining subgenus Laurocerasus into subgenus Padus.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Rohrer in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; McVaugh (1951)= Y; Catling, McKay-Kuja, & Mitrow (1999)=X; Liu et al. (2012); Yazbek & Oh (2013); Shaw & Small (2004); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) bronze or brown or gray or green or red or reddish-brown, glabrous. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous. Leaf scars half-round or oval, bundle scars (2–)3 per leaf scar, stipule scars inconspicuous, stipule scars not circumferential, short shoots present, short shoots bearing flowers or bearing leaves. Bark of mature trunks with conspicuous lenticels or flaky or furrowed or plated or smooth. Buds axillary or terminal, reddish-brown, 3–4(–5) mm long, ovoid, blunt or sharp, bud scales imbricate.
LEAVES: Leaves deciduous, simple, petiolate, alternate, 5–15 cm long, 2–5.5 cm wide, elliptic or lanceolate or oblanceloate or oblong or oval, leaf margins crenulate or serrate or serrulate, leaf apices acuminate or acute or emarginate or obtuse, leaf bases cuneate or obtuse or rounded. Leaf upper surface green, glabrous or pubescent. Leaf lower surface green, glabrous or pubescent. Leaf venation pinnate. Petioles 1.2–2 cm long, glandular. Stipules present, 12–20 mm long, caducous, not circumferential.
INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescences terminal, racemes, flowers stalked.
FLOWERS: Flowers bisexual, perigynous. Perianth. Calyx radially symmetric, synsepalous. Sepals 5 per flower, calyx tubes 1–1.5 mm long, reflexed, green, deltoid or oblong, sepal margins entire or erose or laciniate, sepal apices acute, glabrous or pubescent, puberulent, persistent. Corolla radially symmetric, apopetalous. Petals 5 per flower, 4–6 mm long, spreading, white, obovate or orbiculate or spatulate, petal apices obtuse or rounded, caducous. Androecium. Stamens (15–)20(–25) per flower, alternating with petals or opposite petals, separate. Gynoecium. Ovaries superior, pistils 1 per flower. Gynoecium monocarpous, 1 carpels per flower, styles 1 per pistil, placentation axile. Other floral features. Hypanthia present.
FRUITS: Fruits drupes, 0.7–1.3 cm long, black or purple or red, fruit maturation 1 years.
COMMENTS: Leaves usually with 1 or 2 glands near the point of attachment of petiole and blade; broken twigs with an almond-like odor.
HEIGHT: to 50 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: March or April or May or June.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White.
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Disturbed, Dry forests, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
753 1985-0404 View
1376 1986-1154 View
3167 1989-0160 View
3812 1991-0507 View
4512 1992-0668 View
4979 1995-0097 View
5827 1995-0954 View
6256 1995-1388 View
8743 2006-0494 2006-11-30 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
420 SOS 2015-07-09 Heraty View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1466 753 154 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2396 1376 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5317 3167 77 NCBG staff 1990-11-30 View
6121 3812 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6840 4512 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7398 4979 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8341 5827 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8911 6256 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11981 8743 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PRSE2
USDA Common Name: Black Cherry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), CAN (BC, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Prunus L. (Plum)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 200 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan, but especially in north temperate regions. Liu et al. (2012) make a strong case for combining subgenus Laurocerasus into subgenus Padus.
REFERENCE: Rohrer in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; McVaugh (1951)= Y; Catling, McKay-Kuja, & Mitrow (1999)=X; Liu et al. (2012); Yazbek & Oh (2013); Shaw & Small (2004); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Prunus serotina in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Prunus serotina in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Prunus serotina in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Prunus serotina in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Prunus serotina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Prunus serotina

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16508
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 18534

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 16505

Image ID: 38641

Image ID: 38640

Image ID: 33894

Image ID: 16510

Image ID: 16506

Image ID: 16509

Image ID: 16511

Image ID: 16512

Image ID: 16513

Image ID: 16514

Image ID: 16515

Image ID: 18534

Image ID: 33893

Image ID: 16507

Image ID: 33892

Image ID: 38639

Image ID: 11759
19 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back