Plant Index


 
 
 

Potentilla canadensis

Potentilla canadensis L.

dwarf cinquefoil, running five-fingers

Potentilla canadensis (Dwarf Cinquefoil)
Image ID: 16454
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: POCA17
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Potentilla canadensis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-08-21

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: POTEN
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Potentilla
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Cinquefoil
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 350-400 species, depending on the controversial circumscription. Potentilla here excludes Argentina, Dasiphora, Drymocallis, and Sibbaldia (for our area), but includes Duchesnea, following studies by Dobeš & Paule (2010), Soják (2010); and Eriksson et al. (2003).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Ertter, Elven, Reveal, & Murray in FNA (2014) [Potentilla s.s.]; Ertter & Reveal in FNA (2014) [Duchesnea]; Robertson (1974)=Z; Eriksson, Donoghue, & Hibbs (1998); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: A low, creeping perennial of woodlands, forests, fields, lawns and disturbed areas.
STEMS: Stems unbranched, covered with silvery silky hairs.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate; petiolate; palmately divided into 5 wedge-shaped leaflets, these to 1 1/2 in. long each, the rounded upper half coarsely toothed; with long, silky hairs beneath and smooth to hairy above.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers solitary, on stalks, the first arising from the axil of the first well-developed stem leaf; yellow; to 5/8 in. wide; consisting of 5 rounded petals, 5 pointed hairy sepals, and many stamens circling the yellow center.
FRUITS: Fruit an aggregate of achenes.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Palmate
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: March-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: April-June

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Dry forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Dwarf cinquefoil is a loose, low-growing ground cover that produces small yellow flowers extending from the axils of palmate leaves in the spring. Native to much of the eastern US, this species prefers dry, open soil in fields, woods and on roadsides. Dwarf cinquefoil spreads by means of vining stems and will slowly colonize an open area. An indicator species for impoverished soil, it is the perfect ground cover for tough sites! Dwarf cinquefoil is a nectar source for the grizzled skipper and is frequently visited by several species of native bees.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
58 2013-0001 2013-01-03 61 View
2827 1987-0328 View
4271 1992-0427 View
4977 1995-0095 View
5823 1995-0950 View
6253 1995-1385 View
6769 1996-0432 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
61 HORT 2010-11-24 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
75 58 15 NCBG staff 2011-04-01 View
4698 2827 8 NCBG staff 1978-11-01 View
6599 4271 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7396 4977 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8337 5823 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8908 6253 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9568 6769 8 NCBG staff 1996-03-28 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: POCA17
USDA Common Name: Dwarf Cinquefoil
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, KY, MA, MD, ME, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Potentilla canadensis
COMMON NAME: Running Five-fingers
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, Pa, RAB, W; > P. canadensis Linnaeus var. canadensis - F, G, K1, K2, Va; > P. canadensis Linnaeus var. villosissima Fernald - F, G, K1, K2; > P. pumila Poiret - S; = P. caroliniana Poiret - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Apr-Jun.
HABITAT: Woodlands, forests, fields, lawns, disturbed areas.
COMMENTS: Two varieties are sometimes distinguished (see synonymy); their distinctiveness and relative habittas and distributions are obscure. Var. canadensis is alleged to have the middle leaflet of the larger leaves 1.5-4 cm long and plants silky-pilose, the pubescence appressed or loosely ascending. Var. villosissima Fernald is alleged to have the middle leaflet of the larger leaves 3-6 cm long and plants long-villous, the pubescence loosely spreading to reflexed.
RANGE MAP: Potentilla canadensis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Potentilla L. (Cinquefoil)
SUMMARY: A genus of 350-400 species, depending on the controversial circumscription. Potentilla here excludes Argentina, Dasiphora, Drymocallis, and Sibbaldia (for our area), but includes Duchesnea, following studies by Dobeš & Paule (2010), Soják (2010); and Eriksson et al. (2003).
REFERENCE: Ertter, Elven, Reveal, & Murray in FNA (2014) [Potentilla s.s.]; Ertter & Reveal in FNA (2014) [Duchesnea]; Robertson (1974)=Z; Eriksson, Donoghue, & Hibbs (1998); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Potentilla canadensis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Potentilla canadensis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Potentilla canadensis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Potentilla canadensis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Potentilla canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Potentilla canadensis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16454
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 18526

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7608

Image ID: 7609

Image ID: 16453

Image ID: 38608

Image ID: 18526

Image ID: 18527

Image ID: 23070

Image ID: 23071

Image ID: 38607

Image ID: 11743
11 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back