Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Pinus virginiana

Pinus virginiana Mill.

jersey pine, scrub pine, virginia pine

Pinus virginiana (Jersey Pine)
Image ID: 13024
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PIVI2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-12-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PINUS
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Pinus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pine
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Young saplings generally have shorter needles than larger saplings and mature trees; measurements in the key are those of mature trees. Seedlings have needles single, rather than fascicled. “Cones” in the key below refers to mature (brown) female cones.
GENUS REFERENCES: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PINACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Pinaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Pine Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) green or purple or red or reddish-brown, glabrous. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous, scaly. Leaf scars absent, bundle scars absent, stipule scars absent, short shoots present or absent, short shoots bearing leaves. Bark of mature trunks flaky or furrowed or plated. Buds axillary or terminal, bud clusters at ends of twigs present or absent, reddish-brown, (6–)8–10(–12) mm long, cylindric or fusiform or ovoid or ovoid-cylindric, sharp, glabrous or pubescent, ciliate, bud scales imbricate.
LEAVES: Leaves evergreen, needle-like, simple, sessile, fascicled, spreading or ascending, needles 2 per cluster or fascicle, 2–8 cm long, 0.1–0.12(–0.15) cm wide, acicular, leaf margins entire or serrulate, leaf apices acute, leaf bases attenuate, leaf cross section semicircular. Leaf upper surface green or yellow-green, striped, glabrous. Leaf lower surface green or yellow-green, striped, glabrous. Stipules absent.
INFLORESCENCE: Pollen cones shedding pollen March or April or May, (0.8–)1–2 cm long. Seed cone maturation 2 years. Seed cones persistent, axillary, sessile or nearly sessile or stalked, symmetric, before opening lanceoloid or lance-ovoid, when open conic or ovoid or ovoid-conic, 3–7(–8) cm long, immature seed cones green, mature seed cones gray or reddish-brown. Seed cone scales woody, armed. Seed cone armature persistent, curved or straight. Apophyses keeled.
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Needles typically twisted; buds very resinous (sometimes not resinous); bark plates without resin pockets; 3–4 year-old twigs smoothish to rough, but not flaking; trees tending to retain the lower branches, especially when growing in the open.
HEIGHT: (5–)10–20(–30) m tall.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Fascicled
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Pollen cones shedding pollen March or April or May.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Mature seed cones gray or reddish-brown.
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
3799 1991-0494 View
4452 1992-0608 View
4899 1995-0017 View
5737 1995-0863 View
6238 1995-1370 View
6575 1996-0207 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
629 SOS 2015-11-12 Maynard View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
6108 3799 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6780 4452 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7318 4899 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8251 5737 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8893 6238 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9284 6575 142 Liloia 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PIVI2
USDA Common Name: Virginia Pine
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (I)
Distribution: USA (AL, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus virginiana
COMMON NAME: Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Dry forests and woodlands, especially on slopes and ridges, also common in certain areas as a weedy successional tree on nearly any kind of site.
COMMENTS: Primarily a Central and Southern Appalachian endemic: s. NY, NJ, and PA, south through VA, WV, s. OH, s. IL, KY, TN, and NC to nw. SC, n. GA, n. AL, and ne. MS. A small, scrubby pine, occurring in very dense, monospecific stands in the upper Piedmont as a result of secondary succession of old fields.
RANGE MAP: Pinus virginiana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Pinaceae Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830 (Pine Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Pinus L. (Pine)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous.
REFERENCE: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Pinus virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Pinus virginiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Pinus virginiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Pinus virginiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Pinus virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus virginiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 13024
ID IMAGE2: 16270
ID IMAGE3: 13024

From the Image Gallery


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26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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