Plant Index


 
 
 

Pinus strobus

Pinus strobus L.

eastern white pine

Synonym(s): Strobus strobus
Cultivar(s): Fastigiata, Nana, Nana Blue, Redfield
Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine)
Image ID: 16264
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PIST
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus strobus
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2020-01-01

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1502 Fastigiata View
1503 Nana View
1504 Nana Blue View
1505 Redfield View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PINUS
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Pinus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pine
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Young saplings generally have shorter needles than larger saplings and mature trees; measurements in the key are those of mature trees. Seedlings have needles single, rather than fascicled. “Cones” in the key below refers to mature (brown) female cones.
GENUS REFERENCES: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PINACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Pinaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Pine Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Fascicled
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Sep.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
40 2015-0002 2015-04-10 42 View
548 1985-0169 View
549 1985-0170 View
550 1985-0171 View
551 1985-0172 View
1369 1986-1146 View
2110 1986-1913 View
2586 1987-0018 View
3396 1991-0023 View
3866 1992-0009 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
42 HORT 2015-02-01 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
52 40 79 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
1179 548 171 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1180 549 165 NCBG staff 1980-01-12 View
1181 550 165 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1182 551 161 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
2382 1369 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3528 2110 79 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4363 2586 177 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
5630 3396 11 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5631 3396 1 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6176 3866 113 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PIST
USDA Common Name: Eastern White Pine
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
20400 S5 S5 G5 G5 W6

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus strobus
COMMON NAME: Eastern White Pine
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W, WV, Z; = Strobus strobus (Linnaeus) Small - S; > Pinus strobus ssp. cumberlandensis J. Silba - Z; > P. strobus ssp. strobus - Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr; Aug-Sep.
HABITAT: Moist to dry forests, bottomlands, dry, rocky ridges in humid gorges.
COMMENTS: Widespread in ne. North America, south to VA, w. and (rarely) c. NC, nw. SC, n. GA, e. TN, KY, IN, n. IL, e. IA, and MN. P. strobus was probably the tallest tree in e. North America, reaching heights of 60-70 meters. It was a very important timber tree historically. In NC a notable relict and disjunct stand of P. strobus occurs on bluffs of the Deep River in the eastern Piedmont of Chatham County; in VA P. strobus is widely but irregularly distributed in the lower Piedmont.
RANGE MAP: Pinus strobus.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Pinaceae Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830 (Pine Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Pinus L. (Pine)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous.
REFERENCE: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Pinus strobus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Pinus strobus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Pinus strobus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Pinus strobus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Pinus strobus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus strobus

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16264
ID IMAGE2: 16263
ID IMAGE3: 5439

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 16263

Image ID: 38463

Image ID: 38464

Image ID: 5439

Image ID: 11666
6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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